Concept Formation Rules: An Executable Cognitive Model of Knowledge Construction

Veronica Dahl, Kimberly Voll

Abstract

We develop a cognitive model of knowledge construction inspired by constructivist theory as well as by recent natural language processing methodologies. Our generalization of these methodologies into a new and directly executable cognitive paradigm, concept formation, has been tested in non-trivial applications with very promising results. Our system accommodates user definition of properties between concepts as well as user commands to relax their enforcement. It also accepts concept formation from concepts that violate principles that have been declared as relaxable, and produces a list of satisfied properties and a list of violated properties as a side effect of the normal application of the rule.

References

  1. Kearsley, G.: Explorations in Learning and Instruction: The Theory into Practice Database, http://tip.psychology.org (2003)
  2. Bruner, J.: Going Beyond the Information Given. New York: Norton. (1973)
  3. Fruhwirth, T.: Theory and Practice of Constraint Handling Rules, J. Logic Programming, Vol. 37 (1-3), 95-138 (1998)
  4. Zadeh, L.,: Commonsense knowledge representation based on fuzzy logic, Computer, 16 (1983)
  5. Christiansen, H.: CHR grammars. In Theory and Practice of Logic Programming special issue on Constraint Handling Rules (2004)
  6. Dahl, V. and Blache, P.: Directly Executable Constraint Based Grammars. TR, Univ. de Provence (2004)
  7. Christiansen, H. and Dahl, V.: Logic Grammar for Diagnosis and Repair. In'tl J. of AI Tools, Vol. 12, No. 3, 227-248 (2003)
  8. Barranco-Mendoza, A., Persaud, D. R., and Dahl, V.: A property-based model for lung cancer diagnosis, Poster Proceedings of RECOMB 2004 (2004)
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Dahl V. and Voll K. (2004). Concept Formation Rules: An Executable Cognitive Model of Knowledge Construction . In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science - Volume 1: NLUCS, (ICEIS 2004) ISBN 972-8865-05-8, pages 29-36. DOI: 10.5220/0002685700290036


in Bibtex Style

@conference{nlucs04,
author={Veronica Dahl and Kimberly Voll},
title={Concept Formation Rules: An Executable Cognitive Model of Knowledge Construction},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science - Volume 1: NLUCS, (ICEIS 2004)},
year={2004},
pages={29-36},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002685700290036},
isbn={972-8865-05-8},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science - Volume 1: NLUCS, (ICEIS 2004)
TI - Concept Formation Rules: An Executable Cognitive Model of Knowledge Construction
SN - 972-8865-05-8
AU - Dahl V.
AU - Voll K.
PY - 2004
SP - 29
EP - 36
DO - 10.5220/0002685700290036