Naoufel Werghi


The recent advances in full human body imaging technology illustrated by the 3D human body scanner (HBS), a device delivering full human body shape data, opened up large perspectives for the deployment of this technology in various fields (e.g. clothing industry, anthropology, entertainment). Yet this advance brought challenges on how to process and interpret the data delivered by the HBS in order to bridge the gap between this technology and potential applications. This paper surveys the literature on methods, for human body scan data segmentation and modelling, that attempted to overcome these challenges. It also discusses and evaluated the different approaches with respect to several requirements.


  1. Paquette,S. (1996). 3D Scanning in Apparel Design and Human Engineering, In Computer Graphics and Applications Vol.16,No.9, pp.11-15.
  2. TC2:
  3. Geisen,G.R., Mason,C.P., V.L Houston,V.L (1996). Automatic Detection, Identification and Registration of Anatomical Landmarks From 3-D Laser Digitizer Body Segment Scans, In Proc. 17th Conference on the Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Vol.1, pp.403- 404, Canada.
  4. Pargas,R.P., Staples,N.J., Davis,J.S.(1996). Automatic Measurement Extraction for Apparel from a ThreeDimensional Body Scan, In Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Vol.28, PT.2, pp.157-172.
  5. Jones,P.R.M., Li,P., Brook-Wavell,K., West,G.M.(1995). Format of human body modelling from 3-D body scanning, In Int. Journal of Clothing Science, Vol.7, No.1, pp.7-16.
  6. Li,P. Jones,P.R.M.(1997). Automatic Editing and Curvefitting of 3-D Surface Scan Data of the Human Body, In Proc. Int. Conference on Recent Advances in 3-D Digital Imaging and Modelling, pp.296-301, Ottawa, Canada.
  7. Nurre,J.H.(1997). Locating Landmarks on Human Body Scan Data, In Proc. Int. Conference on Recent Advances in 3-D Digital Imaging and Modelling, pp.289-295, Ottawa, Canada.
  8. Nurre,J.H., Connor,J., Lewark,E., Collier,J.(2000). On segmenting the three-dimensional scan data of human body, In IEEE Trans. On Medical Imaging, Vol.18, No. 8, pp.787-797.
  9. Dekker,L., Khan,S., West,E., Buxton,B., Treleaven,P.(1998). Models for Understanding the 3D Human Body Form, In Proc. IEEE Workshop on Model-Based 3D Image Analysis, pp.65-74, Bombay, India.
  10. Douros,I., Dekker,L., Buxton,B.F.(1999). Reconstruction of the surface of the human body from 3D scanner data using B-spline, In Proc. SPIE on Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications, pp.234-245 San Jose, California.
  11. Wang,C.L., Chang,T.K., Yuen,M.(2003). From laserscanned to feature human model: a system based on fuzzy logic concepet In Computer-Aided Desingn, Vol.35, pp. 241-253.
  12. Brunsman,M.A., Daane,H.M., Robinette.K.M.,(1997). Optimal Postures and Positioning for Human Body Scanning In Int. Conference on Recent Advances in 3-D Digital Imaging and Modelling, pp.266-273, Ottawa, Canada.
  13. Lin,M.(1999). Tracking Articulated Objects in Real-Time Image Sequence In Proc. Int. Conference on Computer Vision, Corfu, Greece, pp.648-653.
  14. Paquet,E., Robinette,K., Rioux,M.(2000). Management of three-dimensional and anthropometric databases: Alexandria and Cleopatra Journal of Electronic Imaging, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp.412-431.
  15. Paquet,E., Rioux,M.(2001). Influence of Pose on 3-D Shape Classification: Part II In Proc. Conference of Digital Human Modeling for Design and Engineering, Arlington, Virginia, USA. Also in TR. NRC 44196, Intstitute of Information Technolofy, National Research Council, Canada.
  16. Werghi,N., Xiao.Y.(2002). Posture Recognition and Segmentation from 3D Human Body Scans In Proc Int. Conference of 3D Data Processing Visualization and Transmission, Padova, Italy, pp. 456-570.
  17. Werghi,N.(2005). A Discriminative 3D Wavelet-based Descriptors: Application to the Recognition of Human Body Postures In Pattern recognition letters , Vol.26, no.5, pp.663-677.
  18. Xiao,Y., Werghi,N., Siebert, P.(2003). A Topological Approach for Segmenting Human Body Shape. In Proc. Int. Conference on Image Analysis and Processing, pp.82-87. Mantova, Italy.
  19. Xiao,Y., Werghi,N., Siebert, P.(2003). A Topological approach based on Discrete Reeb-Graph for the Segmentation of Human Body Scans In Proc. IEEE Int. Conference on 3D Imaging and modeling, pp.378-385, Alberta, Canada.
  20. Xiao,Y., Werghi,N., Siebert, P.(2004). Topological Segmentation of Discrete Human Body Shapes in Various Postures Based on Geodesic Distance Proc. In Int. Conference on Pattern Recognition, pp.131-135, Cambridge, UK.
  21. Werghi,N., Xiao,Y., Siebert,J.P.(2005). A functional-based segmentation of human body scans in arbitrary postures, To appear in IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics.
  22. Marr,D., Nishihara,H.K.(1976). Representation and recognition of the spatial organization of three dimensional shapes In AI memo No. 377, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
  23. Pentland.A.(1990). Automatic Extraction of Deformable Parts Models In Int. Journal of Computer Vision, Vol.4, pp.107-126.
  24. Terzopoulos,D. D. Metaxas,D.(1991). Dynamic 3D models with Local and Global Deformation: Deformable Superquadrics, In IEEE Trans. PAMI Vol.13, No.7, pp.703-714.
  25. Borges,D.L., Fisher,R.B.(1993). Segmentation of 3D Articulated Objects by Dynamic Grouping of Discontinuities, In Proc. British Machine Vision Conference pp.279-287, Surrey,UK.
  26. Dion Jr.D., Laurendeau,D., Bergevin,R.(1997). Generalized Cylinders Extraction in a Range Image, In Int. Conference on Recent Advances in 3-D Digital Imaging and Modelling, pp.296-299, Ottawa, Canada.
  27. Ferrie,F. Lagarde,J., Whaite,P.(1993). Darboux Frames, Snakes and Super-Quadrics: Geometry from the Bottom Up, IEEE Trans. PAMI, Vol.15, No.8, pp.771- 784.
  28. Trucco,E.(1991) Inferring convex subparts from slice data, Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol.1, No.5, pp. 707-715.
  29. Kass,M., Terzopoulos,D.(1988). SNAKES: Active contour models, Int. Journal of Computer Vision, Vol.1, pp. 321-332.
  30. Ashbrook,A., Fisher,R.B, Werghi,N., Robertson,C.(1999). Construction of Articulated Models from Range Data, In Proc. British Machine Vision Conference, Vol.1, pp.183-192, Nottingham,UK.
  31. Shen,J., Thalmann,D.(1995) Interactive Shape Design Using Metaballs and Splines, In Proc. of Implicit Surfaces'95,Grenoble, France, pp.187-196.
  32. Matsuda,R., Nishita,T.(1999). Moeling and deformation Method of Human Body Model Based Method on Range Data, In Proc. Int. Conference on Shape Modeling and Applications, pp.218-221
  33. Muraki,S.(1991). Volumetric Shape Description of Range Data Using Blobby Models, Computer Graphics, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp.223-227.
  34. Hilton,A., Beresford,D., Gentils,T., Smith,R., Sun,W.(1999). Virtualp People: Capturing human models to populate virtual worlds, In Proc. Computer Animation, IEEE Press, pp.174-185.
  35. Starck,J. and Hilton,A.(2001). Human Shape Estimation in a Multi-Camera Studio, In Proc. British Machine Vision Conference Manchester, pp.573-583.
  36. Kakadiaris,I.A., Metaxas,D.(1998) Three-dimensional human body model acquisition from multiple views, Int. Journal of Computer Vision, 30(3), pp.191-218.
  37. Ju X., Werghi N. and Siebert J.P.(2000). Automatic segmentation of 3D human body scans In Proc. IASTED Int. Conf. on Computer Graphics and Imaging, Las Vegas, USA.
  38. Ju,X. Siebert,J.P.(2001). Conforming generic animatbale model to 3D scanned data, In Int. Conference of Numerisation 3D-Scanning, pp.35-41, Paris, France.
  39. Ashbrook,A.P., Fisher,R.B., Robertson,C., Werghi,N.(1998). Finding Surface Correspondance for Object Recognition and Registration Using Pairwise Geometric Histograms, In Proc. European Conference on Computer Vision, Friburg, Germany,pp.674-686.
  40. Allen,B., Curless,B., Popovic,Z.(2003). The space of all body shapes: reconstruction and parameterization from range scans, In Proc. SIGGRAPH'2003, Addison-Wesley, pp.587594.
  41. Seo,H., Magnenat-Thalmann,N.(2003). An Automatic Modelling of Human Bodies from Sizing Parameters, In Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics, Montery, Canada, pp.234-242
  42. Wang,C.C.L.(2005). Parametrization and parametric design of mannequins, Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 31, No.1, pp.83-98.
  43. Ben Azzouz,Z., Rioux,M., Shu,C., Lepage,R.(2004) Analysis of Human Shape Variation Using Volumetric Techniques, Proc. Int. Conference on Computer Animation and Social Agents, Geneva, Switzerland, pp.197-206.
  44. Ben Azzouz,Z., Shu,C., Rioux,M., Lepage,R.(2005). Extracting Main Modes of Human Shape Variation from 3-D Anthropometric Data, In Proc. Int. Conference on 3-D Digital Imaging and Modeling, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, pp.335-342.
  45. Victor,H.L., Paquet,E.(2005). Anthropometric Calibration of Virtual Mannequins through Cluster Analysis and Content-based Retrieval of 3-D Body Scans, In IEEE Conf. on Instrumentation and Measurement Technology, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Also in TR. NRC 47439, Intstitute of Information Technolofy, National Research Council, Canada.
  46. Cordier,F., Seo,H., Magn7enat-Thalmann,N.(2003). Madeto-measure technologies for an online clothing store, Computer Graphics and Applications, IEEE Volume 23, Issue 1,pp.38-48.
  47. Chadwick,J.E., Humann,D.R. Parent,R.E.(1989). Layered construction for deformable animated characters In Proc. SIGRAPH 89, pp.243-252.
  48. Magnenat-Thalmann,N., Thalmann,D.(1990). Human Body Deformations Using Joint-dependent Local Operators and Finite-Element Theory, In Making Them Move (N. Badler, BA Barsky, D. Zeltzer, eds), Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, California, 1990, pp.243-262.
  49. Turner,R., Thalmann,D.(1993). The Elastic Surface Layer Model for Animated Character Construction, In Proc. Int. Conference on Computer Graphics, Lausanne, Switzerland, pp.399-412.
  50. Wilhelms,J., Van Gelder,A.(1997). Anatomically Based Modeling, In Proc. SIGGRAPH 7897, pp.173-180.
  51. Scheepers,F., Parent,R. E., Carlson, W.E. May,S.F.(1997). Anatomy-based modeling of the human musculature, In Proc. SIGGRAPH 7897, pp.163-172.
  52. Aubel,A., Tahlmann,D.(2001). Efficient Muscle Shape Defromation, Deformable Avatars, Kluwer Publications, pp.132-142.
  53. Lewis,J.P., Cordner,M.(2000). Pose space deformation: A unified approach to shape interpolation and skeltondriven deformation, In Proc. Siggraph'2000, pp.165- e172.
  54. Sloan,P.P.J., Rose,C. Cohen,M.F.(2001). Shape by example, In Proc. Symposium of Interactive Graphics, pp.135- 144.
  55. Allen B., Curless B., Popovic Z.(2002). Articulated body deformation from range scan data, In Proc. SIGGRAPH'2002, Addison-Wesley, Vol. 21, No.3, pp.612-619.
  56. Mohr,A., Gleicher,M.(2003). Building Efficient, Accurate Character Skins from Examples, In Proc. SIGGRAPH 782003, pp.165-172.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Werghi N. (2006). SEGMENTATION AND MODELLING OF FULL HUMAN BODY SHAPE FROM 3D SCAN DATA: A SURVEY . In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 1: VISAPP, ISBN 972-8865-40-6, pages 189-197. DOI: 10.5220/0001367401890197

in Bibtex Style

author={Naoufel Werghi},
booktitle={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 1: VISAPP,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the First International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 1: VISAPP,
SN - 972-8865-40-6
AU - Werghi N.
PY - 2006
SP - 189
EP - 197
DO - 10.5220/0001367401890197