Using Sequence Package Analysis as a New Natural Language Understanding Method for Mining Government Recordings of Terror Suspects

Amy Neustein

Abstract

Three years after 9/11, the Justice Department made the astounding revelation that more than 120,000 hours of potentially valuable terrorism-related recordings had yet to be transcribed. Clearly, the government’s efforts to obtain such recordings have continued. Yet there is no evidence that the contents of the recorded calls have been analyzed any more efficiently. Perhaps analysis by conventional means would be of limited value in any event. After all, terror suspects tend to avoid words that might alarm intelligence agents, thus “outsmarting” conventional mining programs, which heavily rely on word-spotting techniques. One solution is the application of a new natural language understanding method, known as Sequence Package Analysis, which can transcend the limitations of basic parsing methods by mapping out the generic conversational sequence patterns found in the dialog. The purpose of this paper is show how this new method can efficiently mine a large volume of government recordings of the conversations of terror suspects – with the goal of reducing the backlog of unanalyzed calls.

References

  1. Lichtblau, E., Risen, J.: Spy Agency Mined Vast Data Trove, Officials Report. New York Times (December 24, 2005) A1, 20
  2. Lichtblau, E.: F.B.I. Said to Lag on Translations of Terror Tapes. New York Times (September 28, 2004) A1, 22
  3. JustNet.: Linguistics Expert Predicts Voice Technology Will Play Pivotal Role in Spotting Terrorists. JustNet-Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology News Summary (October 18, 2001)
  4. Neustein, A.: Sequence Package Analysis: A New Natural Language Understanding Method for Performing Data Mining of Help-Line Calls and Doctor-Patient Interviews. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science. University of Portugal, Porto, Portugal (April, 13, 2004) 64-74
  5. Neustein, A.: Using a New Method of Natural Language Intelligence for Performing Wiretap Analysis. Policy Sciences Annual Institute. Yale Law School, New Haven, Conn. (October 23, 2004)
  6. Neustein, A.: Using Sequence Package Analysis to Improve Natural Language Understanding. International Journal of Speech Technology 4 (1) (2001) 31-44
  7. Atkinson, J.M., Heritage, J.: Transcript notation. In: Atkinson, J.M., Heritage, J. (eds.): Structures of Social Action: Studies in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1984) ix-xvi
  8. McIlvenny, P., Raudaskoski, P.: The mutual relevance of conversation analysis and linguistics: A discussion in reference to interactive discourse. In L. Heltoft and H. Haberland (eds.): Proceedings of the Thirteenth Scandinavian Conference on Linguistics. Department of Languages and Culture, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark (1992) 263-277
  9. Neustein, A.: Sequence Package Analysis: A New Global Standard for Processing Natural Language Input? Globalization Insider X111(1, 2) (February 18, 2004) 1-3
  10. Asher, N.: A Typology for Attitude Verbs and their Anaphoric Properties. Linguistics and Philosophy 10 (10) (1987) 125-197
  11. Edelberg, W.: A New Puzzle about Intentional Identity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 15 (1986) 1-25
  12. Sacks, H., Schegloff, E.A.: Two Preferences in the Organization of Reference to Persons in Conversation and Their Interaction. In: G. Psathas, (ed.): Everyday Language: Studies in Ethnomethodology. Irvington Publishers, Inc, New York (1979) 15-21
  13. Jefferson, G.: Notes on a possible metric for a “standard maximum” silence of approximately one second in conversation. In: Roger, D, Bull, P. (eds.): Conversation: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Multilingual Matters, Clevedon and Philadelphia (1989) 166- 196
  14. Wooffitt, R., Fraser, N.M., Gilbert, N., McGlashan, S.: Humans, Computers and Wizards: Analysing Human (Simulated) Computer Interaction. Routledge, London (1997)
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Neustein A. (2006). Using Sequence Package Analysis as a New Natural Language Understanding Method for Mining Government Recordings of Terror Suspects . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science - Volume 1: NLUCS, (ICEIS 2006) ISBN 978-972-8865-50-4, pages 101-108. DOI: 10.5220/0002473201010108


in Bibtex Style

@conference{nlucs06,
author={Amy Neustein},
title={Using Sequence Package Analysis as a New Natural Language Understanding Method for Mining Government Recordings of Terror Suspects},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science - Volume 1: NLUCS, (ICEIS 2006)},
year={2006},
pages={101-108},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002473201010108},
isbn={978-972-8865-50-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Science - Volume 1: NLUCS, (ICEIS 2006)
TI - Using Sequence Package Analysis as a New Natural Language Understanding Method for Mining Government Recordings of Terror Suspects
SN - 978-972-8865-50-4
AU - Neustein A.
PY - 2006
SP - 101
EP - 108
DO - 10.5220/0002473201010108