COLOUR SPACES STUDY FOR SKIN COLOUR DETECTION IN FACE RECOGNITION SYSTEMS

Jose M. Chaves-González, Miguel A. Vega-Rodríguez, Juan A. Gómez-Pulido, Juan M. Sánchez-Pérez

Abstract

In this paper we show the results of a work where a comparison among different colour spaces is done in order to know which one is better for human skin colour detection in face detection systems. Our motivation to do this study is that there is not a common opinion about which colour space is the best choice to find skin colour in an image. This is important because most of face detectors use skin colour to detect the face in a picture or a video. We have done a study using 10 different colour spaces (RGB, CMY, YUV, YIQ, YCbCr, YPbPr, YCgCr, YDbDr, HSV –or HSI– and CIE-XYZ). To make the comparisons we have used truth images of 15 different people, comparing at pixel level the number of correct detections (false negatives and false positives) for each colour space.

References

  1. Albiol, A., Torres, L., et al. Optimum Color Spaces for Skin Detection. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing. vol 1, pp: 122-124, Oct. 2001.
  2. Campadelli, P., Lanzarotti, R., et al. Face and facial feature localization. Int. Conf. on Image Analysis and Processing. vol 1, pp: 1002-1009, Oct. 2005.
  3. de Dios, J.J., Garcia, N. Fast face segmentation in component color space. International Conference on Image Processing. vol. 1, pp: 191-194. Oct. 2004.
  4. Jinfeng Y., Zhouyu F., et al. Adaptive skin detection using multiple cues. International Conference on Image Processing. vol. 2, pp: 901-904. Oct. 2004.
  5. Martinez, A.M., Benavente, R. The AR Face Database. CVC Technical Report #24, June 1998.
  6. Naseem, I., Deriche, M. Robust human face detection in complex color images. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing. vol. 2, pp: 338-341, Sept. 2005.
  7. Phung, S.L., Bouzerdoum, A., et al. Skin segmentation using color pixel classification: analysis and comparison. IEEE Transactions on PAMI. vol. 27, No. 1, pp.: 148-154, Jan. 2005.
  8. Pratt, W.K. Digital Image Processing: Pinks Inside. 3rd. edition. John Wiley & Sons, 2001.
  9. Runsheng J., Bin K., et al. Color Edge Detection Based on YUV Space and Minimal Spanning Tree. IEEE International Conference on Information Acquisition. vol. 1, pp: 941 - 945, Aug. 2006.
  10. Shapiro, L.G., Stockman, G.C. Computer Vision. PrenticeHall, 2001.
  11. Sigal, L., Sclaroff, S., et al. Skin color-based video segmentation under time-varying illumination. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence. vol. 26, No. 7, pp: 862 - 877, July 2004.
  12. Yang, M-H., Kriegman, D.J., et al. Detecting Faces in Images: A Survey. IEEE Transactions on PAMI, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp: 34-58, Jan. 2002.
  13. Zhao, W., Chellappa, R., et al. Face Recognition: A literature survey. ACM Computing Surveys, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp: 399-458, Dec. 2003.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

M. Chaves-González J., A. Vega-Rodríguez M., A. Gómez-Pulido J. and M. Sánchez-Pérez J. (2007). COLOUR SPACES STUDY FOR SKIN COLOUR DETECTION IN FACE RECOGNITION SYSTEMS . In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications - Volume 1: SIGMAP, (ICETE 2007) ISBN 978-989-8111-13-5, pages 171-174. DOI: 10.5220/0002136601710174


in Bibtex Style

@conference{sigmap07,
author={Jose M. Chaves-González and Miguel A. Vega-Rodríguez and Juan A. Gómez-Pulido and Juan M. Sánchez-Pérez},
title={COLOUR SPACES STUDY FOR SKIN COLOUR DETECTION IN FACE RECOGNITION SYSTEMS},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications - Volume 1: SIGMAP, (ICETE 2007)},
year={2007},
pages={171-174},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002136601710174},
isbn={978-989-8111-13-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications - Volume 1: SIGMAP, (ICETE 2007)
TI - COLOUR SPACES STUDY FOR SKIN COLOUR DETECTION IN FACE RECOGNITION SYSTEMS
SN - 978-989-8111-13-5
AU - M. Chaves-González J.
AU - A. Vega-Rodríguez M.
AU - A. Gómez-Pulido J.
AU - M. Sánchez-Pérez J.
PY - 2007
SP - 171
EP - 174
DO - 10.5220/0002136601710174