MOBILE DECISION MAKING AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT - Supporting Geoarchaeologists in the Field

Martin Blunn, Julie Cowie, David Cairns, Clare Wilson, Donald Davidson

Abstract

There is a professional responsibility placed upon archaeologists to record all possible information about a given excavated site of which soil analysis is one important but frequently marginalised aspect. This paper introduces SASSA (Soil Analysis Support System for Archaeologists), whose primary goal is to promote the wider use of soil analysis techniques through a selection of ‘web based’ software tools. A description is given of the field tool developed which supports both the recording of soil related archaeological data in a comprehensive manner and provide a means of inferring information about the site under investigation. Insight is gained through a user evaluating numerous decision trees relating to pertinent archaeological questions. Whilst the field tool is capable of working in isolation, it offers a superior experience when operated in unison with a Wiki. A brief discussion of the use of the Wiki application within the SASSA project is presented.

References

  1. Aronsson, L 2002. Operation of a large scale general purpose Wiki website: experience from susning.nu's first nine months in service. In Proceedings of the 6th International ICCC/IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing, Czech Republic, November 6-8, 2002. Verlag für Wissenschaft und Forschung.
  2. Aston, M.A 1998. Chemosphere, 37; 465-477.
  3. Ayala, G., Canti, M., Heathcote, J., Sidell, J., and Usai, R., 2004. Geoarchaeology: using earth sciences to understand the archaeological record. English Heritage.
  4. Balek, C. L. 2002. Buried artifacts in stable upland sites and the role of bioturbation: a review. Geoarchaeology 17: 41-51.
  5. Caple, C. 1998. Parameters for monitoring anoxic environments. In (Eds.) M. Corfield, P. Hinton, T. Nixon & M. Pollard, Preserving archaeological remains in-situ. MoLAS, London: 66-72
  6. Chan, A. 2000. WWW+ smart card: Towards a Mobile Health Care Management System, International Journal of Medical Informatics, 57, 127-137.
  7. Cowie, J., Burstein, F. 2007. Quality of data model for supporting mobile decision making. Journal of Decision Support Systems, In Press doi:10.1016/j.dss.2006.09.010.
  8. Entwistle, J.A., Dodgshon, R.A. and Abrahams, P.W. 2000. The geoarchaeological significance and spatial variability of physical and chemical soil properties from a former habitation site, Isle of Skye. Journal of Archaeological Science 27: 287-303.
  9. Goff, J.R. and McFadgen, B.G. 2003. Large earthquakes and the abandonment of prehistoric coastal settlements in 15th Century New Zealand. Geoarchaeology 18: 609-623.
  10. Grave, P. & Kealhofer, L. 1999. Assessing bioturbation in archaeological sediments using soil morphology and phytolith analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science 26: 1239-1248.
  11. Hodgkin, J., San Pedro, J., Burstein, F. 2004. Quality of Data Model For Supporting Mobile Decision Making. In Proceedings of Decision Support Systems Conference, July 1-3, Italy.
  12. Knudson, K.J., Frink, L., Hoffman, B.W. and Price, T.D. 2004. Chemical characterization of Arctic soils: activity area analysis in contemporary Yup'ik fish camps using ICP AES. Journal of Archaeological Science 31: 443-456.
  13. McCobb L.M.E., Briggs, D.E.G., Carruthers, W.J. and Evershed, R.P 2003. Phosphatisation of seeds and roots in a Late Bronze Age deposit at Potterne, Wiltshire, UK. Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 1269-1281.
  14. Michalowski, W., Rubin, S., Slowinski, R.,Wilk, S. 2003. Mobile Clinical Support System for Pediatric Emergencies, Decision Support Systems, 36, 161-176.
  15. San Pedro, J. and Burstein, F. 2003. An intelligent decision support model for tropical cyclone prediction, submitted to International Journal of Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance and Management, Special Issue on Decision Making and Decision Support.
  16. San Pedro, J., Burstein, F., Churilov, L., Wassertheil, J., Cao, P. 2003. Intelligent Multiattribute Decision Support Model For Triage. In Proc. of International Conference in Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Base Systems, July 4-9, 2004, Perugia, Italy.
  17. San Pedro, J., Burstein, F., Zaslavsky, A., Hodgkin, J. 2004. Pay by Cash, Credit or EFTPOS? Supporting the User with Mobile Accounts Manager. In Proc. of the 3rd Mobile Business Conference, MBusiness Conference, New York, USA, 12th - 13th July, 2004.
  18. Simpson, I.A., Bryant, R.G. and Tveraabak, U. 1998. Journal of Archaeological Science 25: 1185-1198.
  19. Spreckelsen, C. Lethen, C., Heeskens, I., Pfeil, K., Spitzer, K. 2000. The Roles Of An Intelligent Mobile Decision Support System In The Clinical Workflow,URL www.citeseer.nj.nec.com/spreckelsen00roles.html, Accessed 11 Nov 2003.
  20. Wells, E.C. 2004. Investigating activity patterns in Prehispanic plazas: weak acid-extraction ICP-AES analysis of anthrosols at Classic period El Coyote, Northwestern Honduras. Archaeometry 46: 67-84.
  21. Wilkinson, T.J. 2005. Soil erosion and valley fills in the Yemen highlands and southern Turkey: integrating settlement, geoarchaeology and climate change. Geoarchaeology 20: 169-192.
  22. Zaslavsky, A. and Tari, Z. 1998. Mobile computing: Overview and current status. Special issue of Australian Computer Journal on Mobile Computing, 30, 2, 42-52.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Blunn M., Cowie J., Cairns D., Wilson C. and Davidson D. (2007). MOBILE DECISION MAKING AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT - Supporting Geoarchaeologists in the Field . In Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS, ISBN 978-972-8865-89-4, pages 57-62. DOI: 10.5220/0002354500570062


in Bibtex Style

@conference{iceis07,
author={Martin Blunn and Julie Cowie and David Cairns and Clare Wilson and Donald Davidson},
title={MOBILE DECISION MAKING AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT - Supporting Geoarchaeologists in the Field},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,},
year={2007},
pages={57-62},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002354500570062},
isbn={978-972-8865-89-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,
TI - MOBILE DECISION MAKING AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT - Supporting Geoarchaeologists in the Field
SN - 978-972-8865-89-4
AU - Blunn M.
AU - Cowie J.
AU - Cairns D.
AU - Wilson C.
AU - Davidson D.
PY - 2007
SP - 57
EP - 62
DO - 10.5220/0002354500570062