USING ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN A SMART HOUSE FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

Viorel Stoian, Cristina Pana

Abstract

We present in this paper several ideas about the usability of the robotic arms and mobile robots as an assistive technology in a smart house where people with disabilities daily live. First, psychological and social aspects of smart home technology are presented and after that the modularity and standardization processes are discussed. Next we propose a smart house plan, equipped with a mobile robot which has a manipulator arm. This robotic system is used to help vulnerable persons, the handicapped men vehicle seat being equipped with a robotic arm which can manipulate objects by a hyper-redundant gripper. For the control of the processes in the smart house, we propose a hierarchical control system and for the mobile robot we use the artificial potential field method. Also, this paper points out the edutainment concept (EDUcation and enterTAINMENT) by robotics. Finally, some applications are presented.

References

  1. Cook, D., Das, S.K., 2007. How smart are our environments? An updated look at the state of the art. Journal of Pervasive and Mobile Computing 3:2, pp. 53-73.
  2. Youngblood, G. M., Cook, D. J., Holder L. B., Heierman, E. O., 2005. Automation intelligence for the smart environment. In Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence.
  3. Dewsbury, G., Edge, H.M., 2000. Designing the Home to Meet the Needs of Tomorrow … Today: Deconstruting and rebuilding the home for life, ENHR 2000 Gavle, http://www.rgu.ac.uk/subj/search.
  4. Dewsbury, G., Edge, H.M., 2001. Designing the Home to Meet the Needs of Tomorrow … Today: Smart technology, health and well-being, Open House International.
  5. Dewsbury, 2001. THE SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF SMART HOME TECHNOLOGY WITHIN THE CARE SECTOR, Published in New Technology In The Human Services, Vol 14, No 1-2, 2001, pp 9-18, ISSN 0959 0684.
  6. Lupton, D., Seymur, W., 2000. Technology, selfhood and physical disabilit”, Social Science & Medicine. 50.1852.
  7. Lewis, F. L., 2004. Wireless sensor networks. In D. J. Cook and S. K. Das, editors, Smart Environments: Technology, Protocols, and Applications. Wiley, 2004.
  8. Pollack, M. E., 2005. Intelligent technology for an aging population: The use of AI to assist elders with cognitive impairment. AI Magazine, 26(2):9-24.
  9. Pineau, J., Montemerlo, M., Pollack, M. Roy, N., and Thrun, S., 2003. Towards robotic assistants in nursing homes: Challenges and results. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 42(3-4).
  10. Helal, A., Mann, W., El-Zabadani, H., King, J., Kaddoura Y. and Jansen, E., 2005. The gator tech smart house: A programmable pervasive space. IEEE Computer, 38(3):50-60.
  11. Kautz, H., Arnstein, L., Borriello, G., Etzioni, O. and Fox. D. , 2002. An overview of the assisted cognition project. In Proceedings of the AAAI Workshop on Automation as Caregiver: The Role of Intelligent Technology in Elder Care, pages 60-65.
  12. Carter J., and Rosen, M., 1999. Unobtrusive sensing of activities of daily living: A preliminary report. In Proceedings of the 1st Joint BMES/EMBS Conference, page 678.
  13. Mann, W.C. and Bendixen, R.M., 2007. Smart Homes of the Future, http://www.agingwithdisability.org/PDF Story M., Mueller J & Mace R, 1998, The Universal Design File: Designing for people ofall ages and abilities, The Center for Universal Design, NC State University.
  14. Gitlin L., 1995. Generations: Journal of the American Society of Ageing: Why Older People Accept or Reject Assistive Technology, 19, 1.
  15. Marshal, M., 2000. Astrid: A Social & Technological Response to Meeting the Needs of Individuals with Dementia & their Carers, Hawker Publication, London.
  16. Dewsbury, G., Edge, H.M, Taylor, B., Designing Safe Smart Home Systems For Vulnerable People, Workshop on Dependability in Healthcare Informatics, 22nd-23rd March 2001, pp. 65-70.
  17. Muscato, G. and Longo, D., 2003. CLAWAR WP3 applications - edutainment and service robots, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots, Vol. 1, Professional Engineering Publishing Limited, London, UK, 17-19 sept. 2003, pp. 1033-1042.
  18. Stoian, V., Bizdoaca, N.G., Pana, C., "Edutainment and Robotics - a Great Relationship", Proceedings of the 17-th International Annual Conference on Innovation in Education for Electrical and Information Engineering (EAEEIE 2006), Craiova, Romania, June 1st-3rd, 2006, vol. I, pp. 93-98, ISBN: (10) 973-742- 350-X, (13) 978-973-742-350-4.
  19. Virk, G.S., 2002. Clawar Network and its Role for Advanced Robotics Dissemination”, Proceedings of the CLAWAR Workshop: The role of CLAVAR in education, training, working conditions and safety, Madrid, Spain.
  20. Edge, H.M., Taylor B., Dewsbury, G., Groves, M., 2000. The Potential for 'Smart Home Systems in Meeting the Care Needs of Older Persons and People with Disabilities, Seniors Housing Update, vol. 10. no. 1, 6- 8.
  21. Khatib., O, 1986. Real-time Obstacle Avoidance for Manipulators and Mobile Robots. Int. J. Robot. Res., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 90-98.
  22. Takegaki, M. and S. Arimoto, 1981. A new feedback methods for dynamic control of manipulators. Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, pp. 119-125.
  23. Douskaia, N.V., 1998. Artificial potential method for control of constrained robot motion. IEEE Trans. On Systems, Man and Cybernetics, part B, 28, pp. 447- 453.
  24. Masoud, S.A., A.A. Masoud, 2000. Constrained motion control using vector potential fields, IEEE Trans. On Systems, Man and Cybernetics, part A, 30, pp. 251- 272.
  25. Tsugi, T., Y. Tanaka, P.G. Morasso, V. Sanguineti and M. Kaneko, 2002. Bio-mimetic trajectory generation of robots via artificial potential field with time base generator. IEEE Trans. On Systems, Man and Cybernetics, part C, 32, pp. 426-439.
  26. Mohri, A, Yang, X. D. and Yamamoto, 1995. A Collision free trajectory planning for manipulator using potential function”, Proceedings 1995 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA95), pp. 3069-3074.
  27. Latombe J.C., 1991. Robot Motion Planning, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Stoian V. and Pana C. (2008). USING ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN A SMART HOUSE FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES . In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: MARS, (ICINCO 2008) ISBN 978-989-8111-31-9, pages 281-286. DOI: 10.5220/0001502902810286


in Bibtex Style

@conference{mars08,
author={Viorel Stoian and Cristina Pana},
title={USING ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN A SMART HOUSE FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: MARS, (ICINCO 2008)},
year={2008},
pages={281-286},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0001502902810286},
isbn={978-989-8111-31-9},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: MARS, (ICINCO 2008)
TI - USING ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN A SMART HOUSE FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
SN - 978-989-8111-31-9
AU - Stoian V.
AU - Pana C.
PY - 2008
SP - 281
EP - 286
DO - 10.5220/0001502902810286