# ROBUST FUZZY-C-MEANS FOR IMAGE SEGMENTATION

### Wafa Moualhi, Ezzeddine Zagrouba

#### Abstract

Fuzzy-c-means (FCM) algorithm is widely used for magnetic resonance (MR) image segmentation. However, conventional FCM is sensitive to noise because it does not consider the spatial information in the image. To overcome the above problem, an FCM algorithm with spatial information is presented in this paper. The algorithm is realized by integrating spatial contextual information into the membership function to make the method less sensitive to noise. The new spatial information term is defined as the summation of the membership function in the neighborhood of pixel under consideration weighted by a parameter to control the neighborhood effect. This new method is applied to both synthetic images and MR data. Experimental results show that the presented method is more robust to noise than the conventional FCM and yields homogenous labeling.

#### References

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#### Paper Citation

#### in Harvard Style

Moualhi W. and Zagrouba E. (2009). **ROBUST FUZZY-C-MEANS FOR IMAGE SEGMENTATION** . In *Proceedings of the First International Conference on Computer Imaging Theory and Applications - Volume 1: IMAGAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2009)* ISBN 978-989-8111-68-5, pages 87-91. DOI: 10.5220/0001787000870091

#### in Bibtex Style

@conference{imagapp09,

author={Wafa Moualhi and Ezzeddine Zagrouba},

title={ROBUST FUZZY-C-MEANS FOR IMAGE SEGMENTATION},

booktitle={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Computer Imaging Theory and Applications - Volume 1: IMAGAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2009)},

year={2009},

pages={87-91},

publisher={SciTePress},

organization={INSTICC},

doi={10.5220/0001787000870091},

isbn={978-989-8111-68-5},

}

#### in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the First International Conference on Computer Imaging Theory and Applications - Volume 1: IMAGAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2009)

TI - ROBUST FUZZY-C-MEANS FOR IMAGE SEGMENTATION

SN - 978-989-8111-68-5

AU - Moualhi W.

AU - Zagrouba E.

PY - 2009

SP - 87

EP - 91

DO - 10.5220/0001787000870091