Remote Patient Monitoring in Home Environments

Paulo Gonçalves, José Torres, Pedro Sobral, Rui Moreira

Abstract

The humanity is currently facing the difficulties of an aged society with an ever-growing predominance of chronic diseases and associated problems (e.g., mobility issues, possibility of falls, etc.). Traditional hospital or clinical internment is not an efficient answer both in terms of human, therapeutic or economical aspects. Alternatively, ambulatory and home healthcare are becoming preferred and predominant solutions. However, the typical home environment is not suited nor prepared for monitoring and helping to take care of elderly and/or disabled people. To overcome some of these issues, this paper proposes a wireless low cost hardware solution based on a microcontroller with several sensors (cf. temperature, oxymeter, 3-axis accelerometer) which allows monitoring several physiological parameters (e.g., temperature, heart bit, etc.) and infer human activities (e.g., standing, walking, falling, etc.) of home confined people. A similar platform with ambient temperature and light sensors was also created for monitoring the home environment. The collected data is pre-processed on the sensor nodes and then transmitted to a wireless gateway allowing the backend system to log the patient activity, his health condition as well as the living surroundings. Finally, a web application is provided to healthcare professionals for viewing, analyzing and statistically operating this information, thus empowering homecare.

References

  1. Alarmnet (2007) alarmnet: Assisted-living and Residential Monitoring Network - A wirEless Sensor Network for Smart Healthcare, http://www.cs.virginia.edu/wsn/medical/.
  2. Anliker, U. W., J. A. Lukowicz, P. Troster, G. Dolveck, F. Baer, M. Keita, F. Schenker, E. B. Catarsi, F. Coluccini, L. Belardinelli, A. Shklarski, D. Alon, M. Hirt, E. Schmid, R. Vuskovic, M. (2004) Amon: A Wearable Multiparameter Medical Monitoring and Alert System. IEEE Transaction on Information Technology in Biomedicine.
  3. Giannakouris, K. (2008) Ageing Characterises the Demographic Perspectives of the European Societiess. Population and Social Conditions. Eurostat.
  4. Jurik, A. D. W., Alfred C. (2008) Remote Medical Monitoring. Computer.
  5. Moulton, d. M. T. F.-J. M. W. S. (2004) CodeBlue: An Ad Hoc Sensor Network Infrastructure for Emergency Medical Care. MobiSys 2004 Workshop on Applications of Mobile Embedded Systems (WAMES 2004).
  6. Ng, H. S. S., M. L., Tan, C. M., Wong, C. C. (2006) Wireless Technologies for Telemedicine. Bt Technology Journal, vol 24.
  7. Stankovic, J. A. C., Q., Doan, T., Fang, L., He, Z., Kiran, R., Lin, S., Son, S., Stoleru, R., Wood, A. (2005) Wireless Sensor Networks for In-Home Healthcare: Potential and Challenges. Workshop on High Confidence Medical Devices Software and systems (HCMDSS).
  8. Venkatasubramanian, K. D., Guofeng, Mukherjee, Tridib, Quintero, John, Annamalai, Valliappan; Gupta, Sandeep K. S. (2005) Ayushman: A Wireless Sensor Network based Health Monitoring Infrastructure and Testbed.
  9. Krishna Venkatasubramanian, Guofeng Deng, Tridib Mukherjee, John Quintero, Valliappan Annamalai, Sandeep k. S. Gupta. International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS).
  10. Xu, N. (2003) A Survey of Sensor Network Applications. University of Southern California
  11. Zhang, T. W., Jue; Liu, Ping and Hou, Jing (2006) Fall Detection by Embedding an Accelerometer in Cellphone and using KFD algorithm. IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network security, vol. 6.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Gonçalves P., Torres J., Sobral P. and Moreira R. (2009). Remote Patient Monitoring in Home Environments . In Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Mobilizing Health Information to Support Healthcare-related Knowledge Work - Volume 1: Workshop MobiHealthInf, (BIOSTEC 2009) ISBN 978-989-8111-78-4, pages 87-96. DOI: 10.5220/0001818600870096


in Bibtex Style

@conference{workshop mobihealthinf09,
author={Paulo Gonçalves and José Torres and Pedro Sobral and Rui Moreira},
title={Remote Patient Monitoring in Home Environments},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Mobilizing Health Information to Support Healthcare-related Knowledge Work - Volume 1: Workshop MobiHealthInf, (BIOSTEC 2009)},
year={2009},
pages={87-96},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0001818600870096},
isbn={978-989-8111-78-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Mobilizing Health Information to Support Healthcare-related Knowledge Work - Volume 1: Workshop MobiHealthInf, (BIOSTEC 2009)
TI - Remote Patient Monitoring in Home Environments
SN - 978-989-8111-78-4
AU - Gonçalves P.
AU - Torres J.
AU - Sobral P.
AU - Moreira R.
PY - 2009
SP - 87
EP - 96
DO - 10.5220/0001818600870096