Modeling and Model-based Control of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine Dynamics

Rolf Johansson, Anders Widd, Per Tunestål

Abstract

The Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) principle holds promise to increase efficiency and to reduce emissions from internal combustion engines. As HCCI combustion lacks direct ignition timing control and auto-ignition depends on the operating condition, control of auto-ignition is necessary. Since auto-ignition of a homogeneous mixture is very sensitive to operating conditions, a fast combustion phasing control is necessary for reliable operation. To this purpose, HCCI modeling and model-based control with experimental validation were studied. A six-cylinder heavy-duty HCCI engine was controlled on a cycle-to-cycle basis in real time using a variety of sensors, actuators and control structures for control of the HCCI combustion in comparison. The controllers were based on linearizations of a previously presented physical, nonlinear, model of HCCI including cylinder wall temperature dynamics. The control signals were the inlet air temperature and the inlet valve closing. A system for fast thermal management was installed and controlled using mid-ranging control. The resulting control performance was experimentally evaluated in terms of response time and steady-state output variance. For a given operating point, a comparable decrease in steady-state output variance was obtained either by introducing a disturbance model or by changing linearization point. The robustness towards disturbances was investigated as well as the effects of varying the prediction and control horizons. Increasing the horizons had a very limited effect on the closed-loop performance while increasing the computational demands substantially. As shown in the paper, modeling constitutes a necessary element for embedded networked control design applied to HCCI combustion engine design.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Johansson R., Widd A. and Tunestål P. (2009). Modeling and Model-based Control of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine Dynamics . In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Networked embedded and control system technologies: European and Russian R&D cooperation - Volume 1: Workshop NESTER, (ICINCO 2009) ISBN 978-989-674-004-7, pages 31-44. DOI: 10.5220/0002275000310044


in Bibtex Style

@conference{workshop nester09,
author={Rolf Johansson and Anders Widd and Per Tunestål},
title={Modeling and Model-based Control of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine Dynamics},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Workshop on Networked embedded and control system technologies: European and Russian R&D cooperation - Volume 1: Workshop NESTER, (ICINCO 2009)},
year={2009},
pages={31-44},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002275000310044},
isbn={978-989-674-004-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Networked embedded and control system technologies: European and Russian R&D cooperation - Volume 1: Workshop NESTER, (ICINCO 2009)
TI - Modeling and Model-based Control of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine Dynamics
SN - 978-989-674-004-7
AU - Johansson R.
AU - Widd A.
AU - Tunestål P.
PY - 2009
SP - 31
EP - 44
DO - 10.5220/0002275000310044