# INFORMATION GAIN OF STRUCTURED MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC TESTS - Integration of Bayesian Networks and Ontologies

### Marin Prcela, Dragan Gamberger, Tomislav Šmuc, Nikola Bogunović

#### Abstract

Usage of Bayesian networks in medical decision support system is in general case twofold: (1) for obtaining probabilities of occurrence of medical events (i.e. possible diagnosis) and (2) for obtaining information gain of actions that can be taken (i.e. diagnostic tests). On the other hand, typical role of ontology is to provide a framework for definition of medical concepts, their structure and relations among them. In medical practice diagnostic tests are commonly comprised of number of measurements or sub-tests – a structure which is straightforwardly described by ontological language. In this paper we are analyzing the information gain of such structured medical diagnostic tests. The purpose of this analysis is to allow finding (1) which structured medical diagnostic test is at the given point the most informative one and (2) which elementary measurements within a given diagnostic test are the most informative ones. Furthermore, we are analyzing some computational issues which arise in the reasoning process.

#### References

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#### Paper Citation

#### in Harvard Style

Prcela M., Gamberger D., Šmuc T. and Bogunović N. (2010). **INFORMATION GAIN OF STRUCTURED MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC TESTS - Integration of Bayesian Networks and Ontologies** . In *Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Health Informatics - Volume 1: HEALTHINF, (BIOSTEC 2010)* ISBN 978-989-674-016-0, pages 235-240. DOI: 10.5220/0002713902350240

#### in Bibtex Style

@conference{healthinf10,

author={Marin Prcela and Dragan Gamberger and Tomislav Šmuc and Nikola Bogunović},

title={INFORMATION GAIN OF STRUCTURED MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC TESTS - Integration of Bayesian Networks and Ontologies},

booktitle={Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Health Informatics - Volume 1: HEALTHINF, (BIOSTEC 2010)},

year={2010},

pages={235-240},

publisher={SciTePress},

organization={INSTICC},

doi={10.5220/0002713902350240},

isbn={978-989-674-016-0},

}

#### in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Health Informatics - Volume 1: HEALTHINF, (BIOSTEC 2010)

TI - INFORMATION GAIN OF STRUCTURED MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC TESTS - Integration of Bayesian Networks and Ontologies

SN - 978-989-674-016-0

AU - Prcela M.

AU - Gamberger D.

AU - Šmuc T.

AU - Bogunović N.

PY - 2010

SP - 235

EP - 240

DO - 10.5220/0002713902350240