ANNOTATIONS AND HYPERTRAILS WITH SPREADCRUMBS - An Easy Way to Annotate, Refind and Share

Ricardo Kawase, Eelco Herder, Wolfgang Nejdl

Abstract

Annotations have been shown to be an important activity during reading, especially during “active reading”. Annotations support understanding, interpretation, sensemaking and scannability. As valuable as in paper-based contexts, digital online annotations provide several benefits for annotators and collaborators. To study the impact of these benefits we present in this paper SpreadCrumbs, a straightforward Web annotation tool. SpreadCrumbs offers simple annotation’s interactions and metaphors that support most of the users’ annotations needs in the digital environment by enhancing the web experience with “in-context” annotations and providing a unique form of social navigation support with hypertrails. The results of our studies with the tool show the importance of annotations, the empirical outperformance of “in-context” annotations over other methods, and the outcome benefits of supporting social navigation.

References

  1. Adler, M.J. and van Doren, C. (1972) How to Read a Book. Simon and Schuster, New York, NY.
  2. Bottoni, P., Civica, R., Levialdi, S., Orso, L., Panizzi, E., and Trinchese, R. (2004) MADCOW: a multimedia digital annotation system. In Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual interfaces (Gallipoli, Italy, May 25 - 28, 2004). AVI 7804.
  3. Bottoni, P., Levialdi, S., Labella, A., Panizzi, E., Trinchese, R., and Gigli, L. (2006) MADCOW: a visual interface for annotating web pages. In Proceedings of the Working Conference on Advanced Visual interfaces (Venezia, Italy, May 23 - 26, 2006). AVI 7806.
  4. Bouvin, N. O. (1999). Unifying strategies for Web augmentation.Proceedings of ACM Hypertext'99, p 91-100, 1999.
  5. . Claypool, M., Le, P., Wased, M., and Brown, D. (2002) Implicit interest indicators. In: Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, pp. 33-40.
  6. Cockburn, A. and B. McKenzie. (2001) What do Web users do? An empirical analysis of Web use. Int. J. of Human-Computer Studies, 54(6): 903-922, 2001.
  7. Farzan, R. and Brusilovsky, P. (2005). Social navigation support through annotation-based group modeling. In: Proceedings of 10th International User Modeling Conference, pp. 463--472.
  8. Farzan, R., Brusilovsky, P. (2006). AnnotatEd: A Social Navigation and Annotation Service for Web-based Educational Resources. In: Proc. of E-Learn 2006, Honolulu, HI, USA, October 13-17, 2006, AACE 2794-2802
  9. Halasz, F. G. (1991). "Seven issues": Revisited. Closing plenary address. In Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 7891 Conference, San Antonio, Texas, December 18, 1991
  10. Karger, D., Katz, B., Lin, J. & Quann, D. (2003), Stickey notes for the semantic web, in 'Proc. Intelligent User Interfaces 200378.
  11. Kawase R., and Nejdl W. (2009a) A Straightforward Approach for Online Annotations: SpreadCrumbs - Enhancing and Simplifying Online Collaboration. WEBIST, page 407-410. INSTICC Press, (2009)
  12. Kawase, R., Herder, E. and Nejdl W.. (2009b) A Comparison of Paper-Based and Online Annotations in the Workplace. Learning in the Synergy of Multiple Disciplines, Proceedings of the EC-TEL 2009, volume 5794 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Berlin/Heidelberg, Springer, October 2009.
  13. MacMullen, W. J. (2005). Annotation as Process, Thing, and Knowledge: Multi-domain studies of structured data annotation. SILS Technical Report TR-2005-02. UNC School of Information and Library Science.
  14. Marshall, C. (1997). Annotation: From Paper Books to the Digital Library. Proceedings of the 1997 ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries (DL 97).
  15. Marshall, C. (1998). Toward an Ecology of Hypertext Annotation. Proceedings of the Ninth ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia (Hypertext 98).
  16. Millard, D. E. and Ross, M. (2006). Web 2.0: hypertext by any other name?. In Proceedings of the Seventeenth Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia (Odense, Denmark, August 22 - 25, 2006). HYPERTEXT 7806.
  17. O'Hara, K., Sellen, A. (1997). A Comparison of Reading Paper and On-Line Documents. Proceedings of the 1997 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 97).
  18. Vitali, F. & Bieber, M. (1999), 'Hypermedia on the web: What will it take?78,ACM Computing Surveys 31 (4es), Article No. 31
  19. Wang, S. 2005 Annotation Persistence Over Dynamic Documents. Doctoral Thesis. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  20. X. Fu, T. Ciszek, G. M. Marchionini, and P. Solomon (2005). "Annotating the web: An exploratory study of web users needs for personal annotation tools," in The 68th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technology (ASIS&T), Charlotte, NC, USA, 2005.
  21. Zellweger, P., Mangen, A., Newman, P. (2002). Authoring fluid narrative hypertexts using treetable visualizations. Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 2002.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Kawase R., Herder E. and Nejdl W. (2010). ANNOTATIONS AND HYPERTRAILS WITH SPREADCRUMBS - An Easy Way to Annotate, Refind and Share . In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technology - Volume 2: WEBIST, ISBN 978-989-674-025-2, pages 5-12. DOI: 10.5220/0002778100050012


in Bibtex Style

@conference{webist10,
author={Ricardo Kawase and Eelco Herder and Wolfgang Nejdl},
title={ANNOTATIONS AND HYPERTRAILS WITH SPREADCRUMBS - An Easy Way to Annotate, Refind and Share},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technology - Volume 2: WEBIST,},
year={2010},
pages={5-12},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002778100050012},
isbn={978-989-674-025-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technology - Volume 2: WEBIST,
TI - ANNOTATIONS AND HYPERTRAILS WITH SPREADCRUMBS - An Easy Way to Annotate, Refind and Share
SN - 978-989-674-025-2
AU - Kawase R.
AU - Herder E.
AU - Nejdl W.
PY - 2010
SP - 5
EP - 12
DO - 10.5220/0002778100050012