SEMANTIC DRIFT IN ONTOLOGIES

Jon Atle Gulla, Geir Solskinnsbakk, Per Myrseth, Veronika Haderlein, Olga Cerrato

Abstract

Ontology evolution is the process of incrementally and consistently adapting an existing ontology to changes in the relevant domain. Even though ontology management and versioning tools are now available, they are of limited use for ontology evolution unless the desired changes are known beforehand. Ontology learning toolsets are often employed, but they require large document sets and do not take the existing structures into account. Semantic drift refers to how concepts’ intentions gradually change as the domain evolves. When a semantic drift is detected, it means that a concept is gradually understood in a different way or its relationships with other concepts are undergoing some changes. A semantic drift captures small domain changes that are hard to detect with traditional ontology engineering approaches. This paper discusses a new approach to detecting and assessing semantic drift in ontologies. The method makes use of concept signatures that are constructed on the basis of how concepts are used and described. Comparing how signatures change over time, we see how concepts’ semantic content evolves and how their relationships to other concepts gradually reflect these changes. An experiment with the DNV’s business sector ontology from 2004 and 2008 demonstrates the value of this approach to ontology evolution.

References

  1. Enkhsaikhan, M., W. Wong, W. Liu, and M. Reynolds. Measuring Data-Driven Ontology Changes using Text Mining. In Proceedings of the Sixth Australiasian Conference on Data Mining and Analytics, pp. 39-46. 2007.
  2. Flouris, G., D. Plexousakis, and G. Antoniou. A Classifiation of Ontology Change. In Proceedings of the 3rd Italian Semantic Web Workshop, Semantic Web Applications and Perspectives (SWAP). 2006.
  3. Foo, N. Ontology Revision. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Conceptual Structures (ICCS'95), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 954, pp. 16-31, 1995.
  4. Gruber, T. (1993). A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications. Knowledge Acquisition, 5(2), 199-220.
  5. Gulla, J. A. Experiences with Industrial Ontology Engineering. In J. Filipe & J. Cordeiro (Eds.), Enterprise Information Systems. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing 19, Springer, 2009.
  6. Gulla, J. A. and V. Sugumaran. An Interactive Ontology Learning Workbench for Non-Experts. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Ontologies and Information Systems for the Semantic Web (ONISW 2008), pp. 9-16, Napa Valley, October 2008. ACM Press. ISBN 978-1-60558-255-9.
  7. Haase, P. and Y. Sure. D3.1.1.b State of the Art on Ontology Evolution. SEKT Deliverable, 2004.
  8. Lee, K. and T. Meyer. A Classification of Ontology Modification. In Proceedings of the 17th Australian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. 2004.
  9. Noy, N., A. Chugh, W. Liu, and M. Musen. A framework for ontology evolution in collaborative environments. In Proceedings of the 5th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC'2006). Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 2006.
  10. Solskinnsbakk, G., J. A. Gulla, V. Haderlein, P. Myrseth, and O. Cerrato: Quality of Subsumption Hierarchies in Ontologies Accepted for publication at NLDB 2009: 14th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, June 24-26 2009, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany.
  11. Stojanovic, L. Methods and Tools for Ontology Evolution. PhD thesis. University of Karlsruhe. 2004.
  12. Su, X. and J. A. Gulla. An Information Retrieval Approach to Ontology Mapping. Data & Knowledge Engineering, Volume 58, No. 1, pp. 47-69, 2006.
  13. Wassermann, R. Revising Concepts. In Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication (WoLLIC-98), 1998.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Gulla J., Solskinnsbakk G., Myrseth P., Haderlein V. and Cerrato O. (2010). SEMANTIC DRIFT IN ONTOLOGIES . In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technology - Volume 2: WEBIST, ISBN 978-989-674-025-2, pages 13-20. DOI: 10.5220/0002788800130020


in Bibtex Style

@conference{webist10,
author={Jon Atle Gulla and Geir Solskinnsbakk and Per Myrseth and Veronika Haderlein and Olga Cerrato},
title={SEMANTIC DRIFT IN ONTOLOGIES},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technology - Volume 2: WEBIST,},
year={2010},
pages={13-20},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002788800130020},
isbn={978-989-674-025-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technology - Volume 2: WEBIST,
TI - SEMANTIC DRIFT IN ONTOLOGIES
SN - 978-989-674-025-2
AU - Gulla J.
AU - Solskinnsbakk G.
AU - Myrseth P.
AU - Haderlein V.
AU - Cerrato O.
PY - 2010
SP - 13
EP - 20
DO - 10.5220/0002788800130020