ADAPTIVE WATERMARKING OF COLOR IMAGES IN THE DCT DOMAIN

Ibrahim Nasir, Jianmin Jiang, Stanley Ipson

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach of embedding watermarks adaptively in DC components of color images with respect to analysis of the image luminance in the YIQ model or the blue channel in the RGB model. The embedding strength is determined by the classification of DCT blocks, which is simply implemented in the DCT domain via just analyzing the values of two AC coefficients rather than using method such as Sobel, Canny, or Prewitt. Furthermore, a new combination algorithm of both watermark extraction and blind detection is designed, where the watermark is extracted directly in the spatial domain without knowledge of the original image. Experimental results demonstrated that the embedded watermark is robust to the attacks including JPEG-loss compression, JPEG2000, filtering, scaling, small cropping, small rotation-crop and self-similarities attacks.

References

  1. F. Petitcolas, R. Anderson, and M. Kuhn, 1999. Information hiding-a survey, Proc. IEEE, 87(7), pp. 1062-1078.
  2. F. Hartung and M. Kutter, 1999. Multimedia watermarking techniques, Proc. IEEE, 87(7), pp. 1079-1107.
  3. M. Kutter, 1998. Watermarking resisting to translation, rotation, and scaling, in: Proc. Of the SPIE Conf. on Multimedia Systems and Applications, pp. 423-431.
  4. M. Kutter, F. Jordan, F. Bossen, Digital signature of color image using amplitude modulation, 1997. in: Proc. Of Storage and Retrieval for Image and Video Database V, SPIE, vol. 3022, pp. 516-526.
  5. D. Fleet, D. Heeger, 1997. Embedding invisible information in color images, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Image Processing'97, vol. 1, pp. 532-535.
  6. M. Barni, F. Bartlini, A. Piva, 2002. Multichannel watermarking of color image, Proc. IEEE Trans. On Circuit Systems for Video Technology, vol. 12(3), pp. 142-156.
  7. P. Tsai, Y.C. Hu, C.C. Chang, 2004. A color image watermarking scheme based on color quantization, Signal Process, pp. 95-105.
  8. J. Huang, Y. Shi, and S. Yi, 2000. Embedding image watermarks in dc components, Proc. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 974-979.
  9. P. S. Huang, C. S. Chiang, C. P. Chang, and T. M. Tu, 2005. Robust spatial watermarking technique for colour images via direct saturation adjustment, IEEE Proceedings -Vision, Image and Signal Processing, vol. 152 (5,7), pp. 561-574.
  10. I. Nasir, Y. Weng, J. Jiang, S. Ipson, 2008. Subsamplingbased image watermarking in compressed DCT domain, Proc. 10 the IASTED Int. Conf. on signal and image processing, pp. 339-344.
  11. K. K. H. S. Chang, A compressed domain scheme for classification block edge patterns, 2005. Proc. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 14(2), pp.145- 151.
  12. J. Jianmin, Q. Kaijin, X. Guogiang, 2008. A block-edgepattern based content descriptor in DCT domain, Proc. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 18(7), pp. 994-998.
  13. W. C. Chu, 2003. DCT-based image watermarking using subsampling, Proc. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 5(1), pp. 34-38.
  14. W. Lu, H. Lu, and F. Chung, 2006. Robust digital image watermarking based on subsampling, Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 181, pp. 886-893.
  15. X. Qi and J. Qi, 2007. A robust content-based digital image watermarking scheme, Signal Processing, 87 (6), 1264-1280.
  16. F. A. P. Petitcolas, 2000. Watermarking schemes evaluation, Proc. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 17(5, pp. 58-64.
  17. F. Petitcolas, R. Anderson, and M. Kuhn, 1998. Attacks on copyright marking systems, Proc. 3rd Int. Int. workshop on Information Hiding, vol. 1525, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 218-238.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Nasir I., Jiang J. and Ipson S. (2010). ADAPTIVE WATERMARKING OF COLOR IMAGES IN THE DCT DOMAIN . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications - Volume 1: SIGMAP, (ICETE 2010) ISBN 978-989-8425-19-5, pages 171-177. DOI: 10.5220/0002895601710177


in Bibtex Style

@conference{sigmap10,
author={Ibrahim Nasir and Jianmin Jiang and Stanley Ipson},
title={ADAPTIVE WATERMARKING OF COLOR IMAGES IN THE DCT DOMAIN},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications - Volume 1: SIGMAP, (ICETE 2010)},
year={2010},
pages={171-177},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0002895601710177},
isbn={978-989-8425-19-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Signal Processing and Multimedia Applications - Volume 1: SIGMAP, (ICETE 2010)
TI - ADAPTIVE WATERMARKING OF COLOR IMAGES IN THE DCT DOMAIN
SN - 978-989-8425-19-5
AU - Nasir I.
AU - Jiang J.
AU - Ipson S.
PY - 2010
SP - 171
EP - 177
DO - 10.5220/0002895601710177