CASE REPRESENTATION AND ADAPTATION IN SMARTLP - A Web-based Lesson Planning System

Aslina Saad, P. W. H. Chung, C. W. Dawson

Abstract

Lesson plans help teachers to organize content, materials and methods for their teaching. Appropriate lesson plans are crucial to accommodate student differences in various aspects. Currently there are limited mechanisms to support decision making in constructing lesson plans based on the constraints teachers have. Since lesson plans have a standard format, they can potentially be shared. SmartLP, a web-based lesson planning system, was developed to assist teachers in preparing suitable lesson plans based on various constraints; students’ profile, curriculum and facilities. In SmartLP, teachers can make modification to the retrieved plans according to their constraints, as opposed to generating new ones from scratch. Implementation of such systems insists on a proper case representation as it facilitates case retrieval and subsequently case adaptation to handle differences in hand. An ontology for the lesson plan domain has been built in the form of a taxonomy. This is followed by case definition that consists of problem description and solution. Cases are represented as attributes - value representation in a case base. Transformation, a kind of case adaptation, is implemented in the system to facilitate teachers in adding, deleting or editing the contents of the retrieved lesson plans. The adaptation can be derived from one case or several cases.

References

  1. Abdollahi, J., 2007. Analysing Complex Oil Well Problems through Case-Based Reasoning, Norwegian University.
  2. Bergmann, R. et al., 2005. Representation in case-based reasoning. 00:0(1-4). Cambridge University Press.
  3. Craw, S. et al., 2006. Learning Adaptation Knowledge to Improve Case-Based Reasoning.17 (16, 17) https://openair.rgu.ac.uk/bitstream/10059/57/1/aij06- smc.pdf
  4. Hanney, K. et al., 1995. What Kind of Adaptation do CBR Systems Need?: A review of Current Practice,AAAI Technical Report FS-95-04.
  5. Liqing, F., Kumar, 2000 A. S., XML-based Representation in a CBR System for Fixture Design. 12 (1-4), pp. 339-348.
  6. Mizoguchi, R., 2004. Tutorial on Ontological Engineering: Part 3: Advanced Course of Ontological Engineering. 22(2), pp. 198 - 220.
  7. Raman, P., 1995. Case-Based Reasoning: An Implemented Methodology. Technical Report: CSE95-04.
  8. Reyes.L. and Sison, R. C. (2002). Case Retrieval in CBRTutor, Proceedings of the International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE'02).
  9. Sun, B. E. A., 2003. Scenario Based Knowledge Representation In Case Based Reasoning Systems. 20(2), pp. 92-99.
  10. Urosevic et al., 2006. Knowledge Representation and Case-Based Reasoning in a Knowledge Management System for Ambient Intelligence Products, 2006, Proceedings of the 24th IASTED international conference on Artificial intelligence and applications , pp329 - 334.
  11. Watson, I., Marir, F., 1994. Case-Based Reasoning a Review, The Knowledge Engineering Review, Vol.9 No.4.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Saad A., Chung P. and Dawson C. (2011). CASE REPRESENTATION AND ADAPTATION IN SMARTLP - A Web-based Lesson Planning System . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 1: ICAART, ISBN 978-989-8425-40-9, pages 440-445. DOI: 10.5220/0003190404400445


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icaart11,
author={Aslina Saad and P. W. H. Chung and C. W. Dawson},
title={CASE REPRESENTATION AND ADAPTATION IN SMARTLP - A Web-based Lesson Planning System},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 1: ICAART,},
year={2011},
pages={440-445},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003190404400445},
isbn={978-989-8425-40-9},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 1: ICAART,
TI - CASE REPRESENTATION AND ADAPTATION IN SMARTLP - A Web-based Lesson Planning System
SN - 978-989-8425-40-9
AU - Saad A.
AU - Chung P.
AU - Dawson C.
PY - 2011
SP - 440
EP - 445
DO - 10.5220/0003190404400445