NEONATAL SEIZURE DETECTION USING BLIND ADAPTIVE FUSION

Huaying Li, Aleksandar Jeremic

Abstract

Seizure is the result of excessive electrical discharges of neurons, which usually develops synchronously and happens suddenly in the central nervous system. Clinically, it is difficult for physician to identify neonatal seizures visually, while EEG seizures can be recognized by the trained experts. Usually, in NICUs, EEG monitoring systems are used in stead of the expensive on-site supervision. However, it is a waste of time to review an overnight recording, which motivates the researchers to develop automated seizure detection algorithms. Although, there are few detection algorithms existed in the literature, it is difficult to evaluate these mathematical model based algorithm since their performances vary significantly on different data sets. By extending our previous results on multichannel information fusion, we propose a distributed detection system consisting of the existing detectors and a fusion center to detect the seizure activities in the newborn EEG. The advantage of this proposed technique is that it does not require any priori knowledge of the hypotheses and the detector performances, which are often unknown in real applications. Therefore, this proposed technique has the potential to improve the performances of the existing neonatal seizure detectors. In this paper, we first review two newborn EEGmodels, one of which is used to generate neonatal EEG signals. The synthetic data is used later for testing purpose. We also review three existing algorithms on this topic and implement them to work as the local detectors of the system. Then, we introduce the fusion algorithms applied in the fusion center for two different scenarios: large sample size and small sample size. We finally provide some numerical results to show the applicability, effectiveness, and the adaptability of the blind algorithms in the seizure detection problem. We also provide the testing results obtained using the synthetic to show the improvement of the detection system.

References

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Li H. and Jeremic A. (2011). NEONATAL SEIZURE DETECTION USING BLIND ADAPTIVE FUSION . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing - Volume 1: BIOSIGNALS, (BIOSTEC 2011) ISBN 978-989-8425-35-5, pages 365-371. DOI: 10.5220/0003294903650371


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biosignals11,
author={Huaying Li and Aleksandar Jeremic},
title={NEONATAL SEIZURE DETECTION USING BLIND ADAPTIVE FUSION},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing - Volume 1: BIOSIGNALS, (BIOSTEC 2011)},
year={2011},
pages={365-371},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003294903650371},
isbn={978-989-8425-35-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing - Volume 1: BIOSIGNALS, (BIOSTEC 2011)
TI - NEONATAL SEIZURE DETECTION USING BLIND ADAPTIVE FUSION
SN - 978-989-8425-35-5
AU - Li H.
AU - Jeremic A.
PY - 2011
SP - 365
EP - 371
DO - 10.5220/0003294903650371