TOWARDS A FRAMEWORK FOR BUILDING A TOOL TO ASSIST L2 WRITING BASED ON SEARCH ENGINES CAPABILITIES - The Case of English Phrases and Collocations

Grami M. A. Grami, Basem Y. Alkazemi

Abstract

Writing is one of the most difficult skills to learn and it gets more complicated when students learn to write in another language. In fact, results of language proficiency tests such as IELTS shows a systematic tendency of Arab students scoring less in writing than any other skill. Obviously there are various reasons that complicate the task of ESL writing but we focus here on the incorrect combination of words, more specifically collocations and lexical phrases, and its relation to L1 interference. We propose an alternative approach in teaching ESL writing which utilizes common search engines in finding out not only correct usage of words but systematic types of errors so they can be avoided. Moreover, students can use such an approach to validate their writing style in their coursework.

References

  1. Altenberg, B. (1991) 'Amplifier collocations in spoken English', In S. Johansson & A. Stenstrom (eds.) English computer corpora, pp 127 - 147, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  2. Brown, H. D. (2000) Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, 4th ed., London: Longman.
  3. Cambridge ESOL: Research Notes, Issue 40/ May 2010, Cambridge University Press.
  4. Fender, M. (2008) 'Spelling Knowledge and Reading Development: Insights from Arab ESL Learners', Reading in a Foreign Language, 22, pp. 19-42.
  5. Guo, S. and Zhang, G. (2007) 'Building a customised Google-based collocation collector to enhance language learning', In British Journal of Educational Technology, Vol. 38 No. 4, pp 747 - 750.
  6. Halliday, M. A. K. (1961) 'Categories of the Theory of Grammar', In Word, Vol. 17, pp 241 - 492.
  7. Halliday, M. A. K. & Hassan, R. (1976) Cohesion in English. London: Longman.
  8. Lightbown, P. M. and Spada, N. (1997) 'L1 constraints in interlanguage judgments of grammaticality', Paper presented at the 17th Annual Second Language Research Forum, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
  9. Lincoln, K. (2003) 'Teaching Search Engines to ESL Students: Avoiding the Avalanche', In The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. 9 No. 6, available on <iteslj.org>, accessed on 11 August 2010.
  10. Lindstromberg, S. (2003) 'My good-bye to the lexical approach', In Humanising Language Teaching, Vol. 5 No.2.
  11. Lombard, R. J. (1997) Non-native speaker collocations a Corpus-driven characterization from the writing of native speakers of Mandarin, PhD Thesis, MI: UMI.
  12. Nattinger, J. R. & DeCarrico, J. S. (1992) Lexical Phrases and Language Teaching, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  13. Odlin, T. (1989) Language Transfer: Cross-Linguistic Influence in Language Learning, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  14. Ryan, A. and Meara, P. (1991) 'The Case of the Invisible Vowels: Arabic Speakers Reading English Words', In Reading in a Foreign Language, Vol. 7 No.2, pp 531 - 540.
  15. Sanders, T. & Pander Maat, H. (2006) 'Cohesion and Coherence: Linguistic approaches', In Brown. K. et al. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edition, volume 2. London: Elsevier.
  16. Spada, N. and Lightbrown, P. M. (1993) 'Instruction and the development of questions in L2 classrooms', In Second Language Acquisition, Vol. 15, pp 205 - 224.
  17. Stapleton, P. and Radia, P. (2009) 'Tech-era L2 writing: towards a new kind of process', In ELT Journal, Vol. 64 No. 2, pp 175 - 183.
  18. White, L., Spada, N., Lightbrown, P. M., and Ranta, L. (1991) 'Input enhancement and L2 question formation', In Applied Linguistics, Vol. 12, pp 416 - 432.
  19. Xiu-lian, Y. (2007) 'Lexical approach to college English teaching', In Sino-US English Teaching, Vol. 4 No. 10, pp 22 - 24.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

M. A. Grami G. and Y. Alkazemi B. (2011). TOWARDS A FRAMEWORK FOR BUILDING A TOOL TO ASSIST L2 WRITING BASED ON SEARCH ENGINES CAPABILITIES - The Case of English Phrases and Collocations . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-8425-49-2, pages 225-230. DOI: 10.5220/0003331902250230


in Bibtex Style

@conference{csedu11,
author={Grami M. A. Grami and Basem Y. Alkazemi},
title={TOWARDS A FRAMEWORK FOR BUILDING A TOOL TO ASSIST L2 WRITING BASED ON SEARCH ENGINES CAPABILITIES - The Case of English Phrases and Collocations},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,},
year={2011},
pages={225-230},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003331902250230},
isbn={978-989-8425-49-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,
TI - TOWARDS A FRAMEWORK FOR BUILDING A TOOL TO ASSIST L2 WRITING BASED ON SEARCH ENGINES CAPABILITIES - The Case of English Phrases and Collocations
SN - 978-989-8425-49-2
AU - M. A. Grami G.
AU - Y. Alkazemi B.
PY - 2011
SP - 225
EP - 230
DO - 10.5220/0003331902250230