Gerald C. Gannod, Kristen M. Bachman


We have developed an evaluative framework that can be used to place m-learning projects and technologies within a context that associates a project with a broad learning objective. We do this through the identification of dimensions within the aspects of FRAME, a framework developed by Koole (2009) that looks at three different aspects: device, learning, and social. We have modified this framework to form what we call Augmented FRAME. Augmented FRAME refines each of the aspects of FRAME into finer-grained elements in order to gain a better understanding about the degree to which different approaches meet m-learning goals. To illustrate this evaluation framework, we have surveyed a small but representative set of m-learning approaches and discuss initial trends observed from using the framework.


  1. Cabrera, J. S., Frutos, H. M., Stoica, A. G., Avouris, N., Dimitriadis, Y., Fiotakis, G., & Liveri, K.D. (2005). Mystery in the museum: collaborative learning activities using handheld devices. Proc. of the 2005 ACM Mobile HCI Conference.
  2. Corbell, J. R. & Valdes-Corbell, M. E. (2007). Are you ready for mobile learning? EDUCAUSE Quarterly Magazine, Vol 30, No 2.
  3. Hagen, P., Robertson, T., Kan, M., & Sadler, K. (2005). Emerging research methods for understanding mobile technology use. Proc. of OZCHI 2005.
  4. Huizenga, J., Admiraal, W., Akkerman, S., & ten Dam, G. (2009). Mobile game-based learning in secondary education: engagement, motivation, and learning in a mobile city game. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25, 332-344.
  5. Koole, M. L. (2009). A model for framing mobile learning. In M. Ally (Ed.), Empowering Learners and Educators with Mobile Learning. Athabasca, AB: Athabasca University Press, 25-47.
  6. Norris, C. & Soloway, E. (2004). Envisioning the handheld-centric classroom. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 30(4), 281-294.
  7. Reckles, D. (2007). Lessons in wireless for K-12 schools. Aruba Networks Whitepaper.
  8. Schwabe, G. & Goth, C. (2005). Mobile learning with a mobile game: design and motivational effects. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21, 204-216.
  9. Sharples, M., Corlett, D., & Westmancott, O. (2002). The design and implementation of a mobile learning resource. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 6, 220- 234, Springer-Verlag.
  10. Shen, R., Wang M., & Pan, X. (2008). Increasing interactivity in blended classrooms through a cuttingedge mobile learning system. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(6), 1073-1086.
  11. Sung, Y.-T., Chang, K.-E., Lee, Y.-H., & Yu, W.-C. (2008). Effects of a Mobile Electronic Guidebook on Visitors' Attention and Visiting Behaviors. Educational Technology & Society, 11 (2), 67-80.
  12. Tatar, D., Roschelle, J., Vahey, P. & Penuel, W. R. (2003). Handhelds go to school: Lessons Learned. IEEE Computer, September, 30-37.
  13. Traxler, J. (2007). Defining, Discussing and Evaluating Mobile Learning: the moving finger writes and having writ… The Int'l Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, Vol 8, No 2, ISSN: 1492-3831.
  14. van t' Hooft, M. & McNeal T. (2010). Mobile Phones for Mobile Learning: The Geo-Historian Project. Proc. of the American Educational Research Assoc. Conf.
  15. Zurita, G. & Nussbaum, M. (2004). Computer supported collaborative learning using wirelessly interconnected handheld computers. Computers & Education, 42, 289-314, Elsevier Publishers.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

C. Gannod G. and M. Bachman K. (2011). AN EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR M-LEARNING . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-8425-50-8, pages 330-333. DOI: 10.5220/0003349203300333

in Bibtex Style

author={Gerald C. Gannod and Kristen M. Bachman},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,
SN - 978-989-8425-50-8
AU - C. Gannod G.
AU - M. Bachman K.
PY - 2011
SP - 330
EP - 333
DO - 10.5220/0003349203300333