KNOWLEDGE-BASED MULTIMODAL DATA REPRESENTATION AND QUERYING

Julien Seinturier, Elisabeth Murisasco, Emmanuel Bruno

Abstract

This paper focuses on the representation and querying of knowledge-based multimodal data. Our work stands in the multidisciplinary project OTIM (Tools for Multimodal Annotation) dedicated to the development of tools for multimodal annotation of french conversational data. OTIM aims at encoding and manipulating annotations from all the linguistic domains in an unique framework. Defining a data model suited to the concurrent representation of these annotations involve to be able to analyze and to query them in order to help to determinate correlations between the linguistic domains. Linguists commonly use Typed Feature Structures (TFS) to provide an uniform view of multimodal annotations but such a representation cannot be used within an applicative framework. Moreover TFS expressibility is limited to hierarchical and constituency relations and does not suit to any linguistic domain that needs for example to represent temporal relations. To overcome these limits, we propose an ontological approach based on Description logics (DL) for the description of linguistic knowledge and we provide an applicative framework based on OWL DL (Ontology Web Language) and the query language SPARQL.

References

  1. Allen, J. (1991). Time and time again : The many ways to represent time. International Journal of Intelligent Systems, 6(4):341-355.
  2. Baader, F., Calvanese, D., McGuinness, D. L., Nardi, D., and Patel-Schneider, P. F., editors (2003). The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation, and Applications. Cambridge University Press.
  3. Bray, T., Paoli, J., and Sperberg-McQueen, C.-M. (1998). Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0. Recommendation, W3C.
  4. Carpenter, R. L. (1992). The Logic of Typed Feature Structures, volume 32 of Cambridge Tracts in Theoretical Computer Science. Cambridge University Press, The Edinburgh Building, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge CB2 8RU, United Kingdom.
  5. Chein, M. (1997). The corali project: From conceptual graphs to conceptual graphs via labelled graphs. In Lukose, D., Delugach, H., Keeler, M., Searle, L., and Sowa, J., editors, Conceptual Structures: Fulfilling Peirce's Dream, volume 1257 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 65-79. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. 10.1007/BFb0027909.
  6. Copestake, A. (2003). Collaborative Language Engineering: A Case Study in Efficient Grammar-based Processing, chapter Definitions of Typed Feature Structures. CSLI Publications, Ventura Hall, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4115.
  7. Coupey, P. and Faron, C. (1998). Towards correspondence between conceptual graphs and description logics. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Conceptual Structures: Theory, Tools and Applications, ICCS 7898, pages 165-178, London, UK. Springer-Verlag.
  8. et alii, P. B. (2010). Multimodal annotation of conversational data. In Proceedings of the fourth linguistic annotation workwhop (LAW), pages 186-191. Assocation for computational Lunguistics (ACL).
  9. Leclère, M. (1997). Reasoning with type definitions. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Conceptual Structures: Fulfilling Peirce's Dream, ICCS 7897, pages 401-415, London, UK. SpringerVerlag.
  10. Lécluse, C., Richard, P., and Vélez, F. (1992). O2, an object-oriented data model. In Building an ObjectOriented Database System, The Story of O2, pages 77-97.
  11. Maitre, J. L., Ide, N., and Veronis, J. (1994). Modélisation et interrogation de bases de données lexicales. IngÁierie des systèmes dinformation (ISI), 2(1):57-82.
  12. Prud'hommeaux, E. and Seaborne, A. (2007). Sparql query language for rdf (working draft). Technical report, W3C.
  13. Schmidt, T., Duncan, S., Ehmer, O., Hoyt, J., Kipp, M., Loehr, D., Magnusson, M., Rose, T., and Sloetjes, H. (2009). Multimodal corpora. chapter An exchange format for multimodal annotations, pages 207-221. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  14. Sowa, J. F. (1992). Conceptual graphs summary, pages 3- 51. Ellis Horwood, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.
  15. Sthrenberg, M. and Jettka, D. (2009). A toolkit for multidimensional markup - the development of sgf to xstandoff. In Proceedings of Balisage: The Markup Conference 2009. Assocation for computational Lunguistics (ACL), Balisage Series on Markup Technologies, vol. 3.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Seinturier J., Murisasco E. and Bruno E. (2011). KNOWLEDGE-BASED MULTIMODAL DATA REPRESENTATION AND QUERYING . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2011) ISBN 978-989-8425-80-5, pages 152-158. DOI: 10.5220/0003627901520158


in Bibtex Style

@conference{keod11,
author={Julien Seinturier and Elisabeth Murisasco and Emmanuel Bruno},
title={KNOWLEDGE-BASED MULTIMODAL DATA REPRESENTATION AND QUERYING},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2011)},
year={2011},
pages={152-158},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003627901520158},
isbn={978-989-8425-80-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2011)
TI - KNOWLEDGE-BASED MULTIMODAL DATA REPRESENTATION AND QUERYING
SN - 978-989-8425-80-5
AU - Seinturier J.
AU - Murisasco E.
AU - Bruno E.
PY - 2011
SP - 152
EP - 158
DO - 10.5220/0003627901520158