# IDENTIFICATION OF HIV-1 DYNAMICS - Estimating the Noise Model, Constant and Time-varying Parameters of Long-term Clinical Data

### András Hartmann, Susana Vinga, Joao M. Lemos

#### Abstract

The importance of a system theory based approach in understanding immunological diseases, in particular the HIV-1 infection, is being increasingly recognized. This is because the dynamics of virus infection may be effectively represented by relatively compact state space models in the form of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. This work focuses on the identification of constant and time-varying parameters in long-term dynamic HIV-1 data.We introduce a novel strategy for parameter identification. Constant parameters were estimated using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), and time-varying parameters were captured with Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). As EKF relies on the noise strongly, the measurement noise was also inferred. The results are convincing on clinical data: similar noise parameters were detected for two different subjects, a good overall fit was reached to the data, and EKF was found efficient in estimating the time-varying parameters, overcoming drawbacks and limitations of existing methods.

#### References

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#### Paper Citation

#### in Harvard Style

Hartmann A., Vinga S. and M. Lemos J. (2012). **IDENTIFICATION OF HIV-1 DYNAMICS - Estimating the Noise Model, Constant and Time-varying Parameters of Long-term Clinical Data** . In *Proceedings of the International Conference on Bioinformatics Models, Methods and Algorithms - Volume 1: BIOINFORMATICS, (BIOSTEC 2012)* ISBN 978-989-8425-90-4, pages 286-289. DOI: 10.5220/0003758902860289

#### in Bibtex Style

@conference{bioinformatics12,

author={András Hartmann and Susana Vinga and Joao M. Lemos},

title={IDENTIFICATION OF HIV-1 DYNAMICS - Estimating the Noise Model, Constant and Time-varying Parameters of Long-term Clinical Data},

booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Bioinformatics Models, Methods and Algorithms - Volume 1: BIOINFORMATICS, (BIOSTEC 2012)},

year={2012},

pages={286-289},

publisher={SciTePress},

organization={INSTICC},

doi={10.5220/0003758902860289},

isbn={978-989-8425-90-4},

}

#### in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Bioinformatics Models, Methods and Algorithms - Volume 1: BIOINFORMATICS, (BIOSTEC 2012)

TI - IDENTIFICATION OF HIV-1 DYNAMICS - Estimating the Noise Model, Constant and Time-varying Parameters of Long-term Clinical Data

SN - 978-989-8425-90-4

AU - Hartmann A.

AU - Vinga S.

AU - M. Lemos J.

PY - 2012

SP - 286

EP - 289

DO - 10.5220/0003758902860289