MODELLING A FOREGROUND FOR BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION FROM IMAGES - Probability Distribution of Pixel Positions based on Weighted Intensity Differences

Suil Son, Young-Woon Cha, Suk I. Yoo

Abstract

To overcome a false detection problem caused by dynamic textures in background subtraction problems, a new modelling approach is suggested. While traditional background subtraction approaches model the background, an indirect method, to detect foreground objects, the approach described here models the foreground directly. The foreground model is given by the probability distribution of pixel positions in terms of sums of weighted intensity differences for each pixel position between all previous images and a new image. The combination of the weighting and the summing of the intensity differences produces a number of desirable effects. For instance, each position in the new image which has consistently large differences will have a high foreground probability value; each position having consistently small differences will have a low probability value; and positions having small differences for most of the previous images but large differences for a few of the previous images due to dynamic textures or noises will have medium probability values. The final distribution of the foreground position is computed by Kernel density estimation incorporating the neighboring pixel differences, and foreground objects are then identified by the probability value of this distribution. The performance of the suggested approach is then illustrated with two classes of problems and compared to other conventional approaches.

References

  1. Ahmed Elgammal, D. H. and Davis, L. (2000). Nonparametric model for background subtraction. In European Conference on Computer Vision.
  2. Bishop, C. M. (2006). Pattern recognition and machine learning. Springer, 1st edition.
  3. Gerald Dalley, J. M. and Grimson, W. E. L. (2008). Background subtraction for temporally irregular dynamic textures. In IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision.
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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Son S., Cha Y. and I. Yoo S. (2012). MODELLING A FOREGROUND FOR BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION FROM IMAGES - Probability Distribution of Pixel Positions based on Weighted Intensity Differences . In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods - Volume 2: ICPRAM, ISBN 978-989-8425-99-7, pages 400-404. DOI: 10.5220/0003769204000404


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icpram12,
author={Suil Son and Young-Woon Cha and Suk I. Yoo},
title={MODELLING A FOREGROUND FOR BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION FROM IMAGES - Probability Distribution of Pixel Positions based on Weighted Intensity Differences},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods - Volume 2: ICPRAM,},
year={2012},
pages={400-404},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003769204000404},
isbn={978-989-8425-99-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods - Volume 2: ICPRAM,
TI - MODELLING A FOREGROUND FOR BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION FROM IMAGES - Probability Distribution of Pixel Positions based on Weighted Intensity Differences
SN - 978-989-8425-99-7
AU - Son S.
AU - Cha Y.
AU - I. Yoo S.
PY - 2012
SP - 400
EP - 404
DO - 10.5220/0003769204000404