A TECHNOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL STATE-OF-THE-ART STUDY REGARDING ACTIVE MOTION-ORIENTED ASSISTIVE DEVICES

Daniel Pina, António Augusto Fernandes, Joaquim Gabriel Mendes, Renato Natal Jorge

Abstract

Active orthoses and powered exoskeletons, among other denominations, are devices made to attach to one or several human limbs in order to assist or replace its wearer’s movement through means of electronically controlled actuators and/or mechanical brakes. The technology developed for these devices can be used for rehabilitation, general strength enhancement for industrial or military purposes, among other situations. In order to create a comprehensive state-of-the-art work for this class of devices, several online scientific databases were used to gather articles related to this subject. Afterwards, a custom database was created to contain, organize and cross the information gathered from each relevant article. This work presents statistical results regarding the actuation technologies, the man-machine interface sensors and the corresponding interpretation algorithms. There is also a brief study about the localization of the scientific research, according to the targeted body part of the active device. The results show that the DC Motor is, by a wide margin, the most used actuator technology. This margin is reduced when wearable devices with weight constraints are developed. The electromyographic sensors are the most widely used sensors, but when these are grouped into physical variable classes, the force-related sensors show a higher number of occurrences. Regarding the processing algorithms required for the man-machine interface, it is often required to develop a custom algorithm for these devices.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Pina D., Augusto Fernandes A., Gabriel Mendes J. and Natal Jorge R. (2012). A TECHNOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL STATE-OF-THE-ART STUDY REGARDING ACTIVE MOTION-ORIENTED ASSISTIVE DEVICES . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2012) ISBN 978-989-8425-91-1, pages 245-250. DOI: 10.5220/0003795702450250


in Bibtex Style

@conference{biodevices12,
author={Daniel Pina and António Augusto Fernandes and Joaquim Gabriel Mendes and Renato Natal Jorge},
title={A TECHNOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL STATE-OF-THE-ART STUDY REGARDING ACTIVE MOTION-ORIENTED ASSISTIVE DEVICES},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2012)},
year={2012},
pages={245-250},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003795702450250},
isbn={978-989-8425-91-1},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomedical Electronics and Devices - Volume 1: BIODEVICES, (BIOSTEC 2012)
TI - A TECHNOLOGICAL AND STATISTICAL STATE-OF-THE-ART STUDY REGARDING ACTIVE MOTION-ORIENTED ASSISTIVE DEVICES
SN - 978-989-8425-91-1
AU - Pina D.
AU - Augusto Fernandes A.
AU - Gabriel Mendes J.
AU - Natal Jorge R.
PY - 2012
SP - 245
EP - 250
DO - 10.5220/0003795702450250