REAL-TIME VIDEO MATTING FOR MIXED REALITY USING DEPTH GENERATED TRIMAPS

Nicholas Beato, Remo Pillat, Charles E. Hughes

Abstract

In Mixed Reality scenarios, background replacement is a common way to immerse a user in a synthetic environment. Properly identifying the background pixels in an image or video is a difficult problem known as matting. Proper alpha mattes usually come from human guidance, special hardware setups, or color dependent algorithms. This is a consequence of the under-constrained nature of the per pixel alpha blending equation. While the field of natural image matting has made progress finding a least squares solution for an alpha matte, the generation of trimaps, indicating regions of known foreground and background pixels, normally requires human interaction or offline computation. We overcome these limitations by combining a low fidelity depth image that segments the original video signal with a real-time parallel natural image matting technique that favors objects with similar colors in the foreground and background. This allows us to provide real-time alpha mattes for Mixed Reality scenarios that take place in relatively controlled environments. As a consequence, while monochromatic backdrops (such as green screens or retro-reflective material) aid the algorithm’s accuracy, they are not an explicit requirement.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Beato N., Pillat R. and E. Hughes C. (2012). REAL-TIME VIDEO MATTING FOR MIXED REALITY USING DEPTH GENERATED TRIMAPS . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications and International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications - Volume 1: GRAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2012) ISBN 978-989-8565-02-0, pages 280-288. DOI: 10.5220/0003870402800288


in Bibtex Style

@conference{grapp12,
author={Nicholas Beato and Remo Pillat and Charles E. Hughes},
title={REAL-TIME VIDEO MATTING FOR MIXED REALITY USING DEPTH GENERATED TRIMAPS},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications and International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications - Volume 1: GRAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2012)},
year={2012},
pages={280-288},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003870402800288},
isbn={978-989-8565-02-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Graphics Theory and Applications and International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications - Volume 1: GRAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2012)
TI - REAL-TIME VIDEO MATTING FOR MIXED REALITY USING DEPTH GENERATED TRIMAPS
SN - 978-989-8565-02-0
AU - Beato N.
AU - Pillat R.
AU - E. Hughes C.
PY - 2012
SP - 280
EP - 288
DO - 10.5220/0003870402800288