SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE - A Technological Contribute to Smart Grid Concept Implementation

Nuno Amaro, João Murta Pina, João Martins, José Maria Ceballos

Abstract

The urgent need to solve existing problems in the electric grid led to the emergence of the new Smart Grid (SG) concept. A smart grid is usually described as an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the actions of all players connected to it in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies. Smart grids should be flexible, accessible, reliable and economic, bringing great new challenges into grid management. In order to implement this concept it is necessary to consider the operation of several new devices in the electrical grid. A class of these potential devices is Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) that present, among other features, very fast response times. SMES devices can play a key role in helping to overcome several grids’ faults. In this paper it is described the possibility to integrate SMES into SG, and the advantages of this integration.

References

  1. Abrahamsen, A.B. et al., 2010. Superconducting wind turbine generators. Superconductor Science and Technology, 23(3), p.034019.
  2. Ali, M.H., Minwon, P., et al., 2007. Improvement of wind generator stability by fuzzy logic-controlled SMES. Electrical Machines and Systems, 2007. ICEMS. International Conference on, pp.1753-1758.
  3. Ali, Mohd. Hasan, Murata, Toshiaki & Tamura, Junji, 2007. A Fuzzy Logic-Controlled Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage for Transient Stability Augmentation. IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 15(1), pp.144-150.
  4. Arnold, G.W., 2011. Challenges and Opportunities in Smart Grid: A Position Article. Proceedings of the IEEE, 99(6), pp.922-927.
  5. Arritt, R.F. & Dugan, R.C., 2011. Distribution System Analysis and the Future Smart Grid. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 47(6), pp.2343-2350.
  6. Asao, T. et al., 2007. Smoothing control of wind power generator output by superconducting magnetic energy storage system. In Electrical Machines and Systems, 2007. ICEMS. International Conference on. pp. 302- 307.
  7. Baumann, P.D., 1992. Energy conservation and environmental benefits that may be realized from superconducting magnetic energy storage. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 7(2), pp.253-259.
  8. Benysek, G., 2007. Improvement in the Quality of Delivery of Electrical Energy using Power Electronics Systems. 1 Edition ed. s.l.:Springer.
  9. Buckles, W. & Hassenzahl, W.V., 2000. Superconducting magnetic energy storage. IEEE Power Engineering Review, 20(5), pp.16-20.
  10. Cherian, S. & Ambrosio, R., 2004. Towards realizing the gridwise vision: integrating the operations and behavior of dispersed energy devices, consumers, and markets. In IEEE PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition. IEEE, pp. 38-43.
  11. Comission, E., 2005. Towards Smart Power Networks - Lessons learned from European research FP5 projects. s.l.:Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  12. Comission, E., n.d. Smart Grids European Technology Platform. [Online] Available at: http://www.smartgrids.eu/ [Accessed 6 January 2012].
  13. EPRI, n.d. EPRI IntelliGrid. [Online] Available at: http://www.intelligrid.epri.com/ [Accessed 6 January 2012].
  14. Fanning, R. & Huber, R., 2005. Distribution vision 2010: planning for automation. In IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting. IEEE, pp. 2969-2970.
  15. Farhangi, H., 2010. The path of the smart grid. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 8(1), pp.18-28.
  16. Ferrier, M., 1970. Stockage d'energie dans un enrolement supraconducteur. Low Temperature and Electric Power, pp. 425-432.
  17. Garrity, T., 2008. Getting Smart. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 6(2), pp.38-45.
  18. Grijalva, S. & Tariq, M.U., 2011. Prosumer-based smart grid architecture enables a flat, sustainable electricity industry. In ISGT 2011. IEEE, pp. 1-6.
  19. Gungor, V. et al., 2011. Smart Grid Technologies: Communications Technologies and Standards. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 7(4), pp.529- 539.
  20. Hanson, D.J. et al., 2002. A STATCOM-based relocatable SVC project in the UK for National Grid. In 2002 IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting. Conference Proceedings. IEEE, pp. 532-537.
  21. Hassenzahl, W.V., 2001. Superconductivity, an enabling technology for 21st century power systems? IEEE Transactions on Appiled Superconductivity, 11(1), pp.1447-1453.
  22. Hassenzahl, W.V. et al., 2004. Electric power applications of superconductivity. Proceedings of the IEEE, 92(10), pp.1655-1674.
  23. Hatziargyriou, N. et al., 2007. Microgrids. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 5(4), pp.78-94.
  24. Hsu, C.-S. & Lee, W.-J., 1993. Superconducting magnetic energy storage for power system applications. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 29(5), pp.990- 996.
  25. Hutson, C., Venayagamoorthy, G.K. & Corzine, K.A., 2008. Intelligent Scheduling of Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Storage Capacity in a Parking Lot for Profit Maximization in Grid Power Transactions. In 2008 IEEE Energy 2030 Conference. IEEE, pp. 1-8.
  26. Ipakchi, A. & Albuyeh, F., 2009. Grid of the future. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 7(2), pp.52-62.
  27. Jiang, S., Annakkage, U.D. & Gole, A.M., 2006. A Platform for Validation of FACTS Models. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 21(1), pp.484-491.
  28. Juengst, K.-P., 2002. Application studies of superconducting fault current limiters in electric power systems. IEEE Transactions on Appiled Superconductivity, 12(1), pp.900-903.
  29. Kadurek, P., Cobben, J.F.G. & Kling, W. L., 2010. Smart MV/LV transformer for future grids. In SPEEDAM 2010. IEEE, pp. 1700-1705.
  30. Kadurek, Petr, Cobben, J.F.G. & Kling, W. L., 2011. Smart transformer for mitigation of voltage fluctuations in MV networks. In 2011 10th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering. IEEE, pp. 1-4.
  31. Khan, U.A. et al., 2011. Feasibility Analysis of the Positioning of Superconducting Fault Current Limiters for the Smart Grid Application Using Simulink and SimPowerSystem. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 21(3), pp.2165-2169.
  32. Kinjo, T. et al., 2006. Terminal-voltage and output-power regulation of wind-turbine generator by series and parallel compensation using SMES. IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 153(3), p.276.
  33. Kovalsky, L. et al., 2005. Applications of Superconducting Fault Current Limiters in Electric Power Transmission Systems. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 15(2), pp.2130-2133.
  34. Kreutz, R. et al., 2003. Design of a 150 kJ High-Tc SMES (HSMES) for a 20 kVA Uninterruptible Power Supply System. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, June, Volume 13, 2, pp. 1860-1862.
  35. Lampropoulos, I., Vanalme, G.M.A. & Kling, Wil L., 2010. A methodology for modeling the behavior of electricity prosumers within the smart grid. In 2010 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT Europe). IEEE, pp. 1-8.
  36. Lehner, T., 2011. Development of 2G HTS Wire for Demanding Electric Power Applications. [Online] Available at: http://www.superpower-inc.com/system/ files/2011_0620+ENERMAT+Spain_TL+Web.pdf Li, F. et al., 2010. Smart Transmission Grid: Vision and Framework. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 1(2), pp.168-177.
  37. Li, W. et al., 2009. Dynamic Stability Enhancement and Power Flow Control of a Hybrid Wind and MarineCurrent Farm Using SMES. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 24(3), pp.626-639.
  38. Liye, X. et al., 2008. Fabrication and Tests of a 1 MJ HTS Magnet for SMES. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 18(2), pp.770-773.
  39. Malozemoff, A.P. et al., 2002. Power applications of hightemperature superconductors: status and perspectives. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 12(1), pp.778-781.
  40. Massoud Amin, S. & Wollenberg, B.F., 2005. Toward a smart grid: power delivery for the 21st century. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 3(5), pp.34-41.
  41. McGranaghan, M. et al., 2008. Utility experience with developing a smart grid roadmap. In 2008 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting - Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century. IEEE, pp. 1-5.
  42. Mitani, Y. & Tsuji, K., 1993. Power system stabilization by superconducting magnetic energy storage connected to rotating exciter. IEEE Transactions on Appiled Superconductivity, 3(1), pp.219-222.
  43. Molina, M.G. & Mercado, P.E., 2011. Power Flow Stabilization and Control of Microgrid with Wind Generation by Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 26(3), pp.910-922.
  44. Momoh, J. A., 2007. Electric Power Distribution, Automation, Protection, and Control. 1 Edition ed. Florida: Taylor and Francis Group.
  45. Ngamroo, I. et al., 2009. Power oscillation suppression by robust SMES in power system with large wind power penetration. Physica C: Superconductivity, 469(1), pp.44-51.
  46. Noe, Mathias & Steurer, M., 2007. High-temperature superconductor fault current limiters: concepts, applications, and development status. Superconductor Science and Technology, 20(3), p.R15-R29.
  47. Nomura, S. et al., 2005. Wind Farms Linked by SMES Systems. IEEE Transactions on Appiled Superconductivity, 15(2), pp.1951-1954.
  48. Paul, W. et al., 1997. Test of 1.2 MVA highsuperconducting fault current limiter. Superconductor Science and Technology, 10(12), pp.914-918.
  49. Pina, J. et al., 2010. High Temperature Superconducting Fault Current Limiters as Enabling Technology in Electrical Grids with Increased Distributed Generation Penetration L. M. Camarinha-Matos, P. Pereira, & L. Ribeiro, eds. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, 314, pp.427-434.
  50. Pullins, S.W., 2007. The NETL Modern Grid Initiative: What Will the US Modern Grid Cost? In 2007 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting. IEEE, pp. 1-6.
  51. Rabbani, M.G., Devotta, J.B.X. & Elangovan, S., 1999. Application of simultaneous active and reactive power modulation of SMES unit under unequal a-mode for power system stabilization. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 14(2), pp.547-552.
  52. Rahimi, F. & Ipakchi, A., 2010. Overview of Demand Response under the Smart Grid and Market paradigms. In 2010 Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT). IEEE, pp. 1-7.
  53. Tixador, P. et al., 2005. Design of a 800 kJ HTS SMES. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 15(2), pp.1907-1910.
  54. Tixador, P., 2008. Superconducting magnetic energy storage: Status and perspective. s.l., IEEE/CSC & ESAS European Superconductivity news forum.
  55. Torre, W.V. & Eckroad, S., 2001. Improving power delivery through the application of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES). In 2001 IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting. Conference Proceedings. IEEE, pp. 81-87.
  56. Tsukamoto, O., 2005. Roads for HTS power applications to go into the real world Cost issues and technical issues. Cryogenics, 45, pp.3-10.
  57. Vojdani, A., 2008. Smart Integration. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 6(6), pp.71-79.
  58. Xue, X D, Cheng, K W E & Sutanto, D., 2006. A study of the status and future of superconducting magnetic energy storage in power systems. Superconductor Science and Technology, 19(6), p.R31-R39.
  59. Xue, X.D., Cheng, K.W.E. & Sutanto, D., 2005. Power system applications of superconducting magnetic energy storage systems. In Fourtieth IAS Annual Meeting. Conference Record of the 2005 Industry Applications Conference. IEEE, pp. 1524-1529.
  60. Zhang, P., Li, F. & Bhatt, N., 2010. Next-Generation Monitoring, Analysis, and Control for the Future Smart Control Center. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 1(2), pp.186-192.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Amaro N., Murta Pina J., Martins J. and Maria Ceballos J. (2012). SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE - A Technological Contribute to Smart Grid Concept Implementation . In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS, ISBN 978-989-8565-09-9, pages 113-120. DOI: 10.5220/0003978301130120


in Bibtex Style

@conference{smartgreens12,
author={Nuno Amaro and João Murta Pina and João Martins and José Maria Ceballos},
title={SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE - A Technological Contribute to Smart Grid Concept Implementation},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,},
year={2012},
pages={113-120},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0003978301130120},
isbn={978-989-8565-09-9},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,
TI - SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE - A Technological Contribute to Smart Grid Concept Implementation
SN - 978-989-8565-09-9
AU - Amaro N.
AU - Murta Pina J.
AU - Martins J.
AU - Maria Ceballos J.
PY - 2012
SP - 113
EP - 120
DO - 10.5220/0003978301130120