Towards an Ontology for Ubiquitous User Modeling Interoperability

María de Lourdes Martínez-Villaseñor, Miguel González-Mendoza


In order to obtain a broader understanding of the user, some researchers in the community of user modeling envision the need to share information of user models between applications. But gathering distributed user information from heterogeneous sources to obtain user models interoperability implies handling syntactic and semantic heterogeneity. It is also important to provide means for a ubiquitous user model to evolve over time. We present U2MIO a dynamic ontology with flexible structure for user modeling interoperability based in SKOS ontology. The U2MIO provides mediation based user modeling for sharing and reusing information from heterogeneous user models. A two-tier matching strategy is proposed for the process of concept alignment that permits the interoperability between profile suppliers and consumers.


  1. 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects; 3GPP Generic User Profile (GUP); Architecture Stage 2, Release 9, 3GPP TS 23.240 V9.0.0, 2012, Available
  2. Berkovsky, S., Kuflik, T., Ricci F., 2007, Mediation of user models for enhanced personalization in recommender systems. User Modeling and User Adapted Interaction.
  3. Brickley, D.; Miller, L.; FOAF vocabulary specification 0.91 Online at: http://xmlns. com/foaf/spec, 2007.
  4. Carmagnola, F. and Cena, F., 2009, “User identification for cross-system personalisation,” Journal of Information Science, vol. 179, no. 1-2,pp. 16-32.
  5. Carmagnola, F., 2009, Handling Semantic Heterogeneity in Interoperable Distributed User Models, Advances in Ubiquitous User Modelling: 20-36.
  6. Dice L. R. (1945). Measures of the amount of ecologic association between species. Ecology 26: 297-30
  7. Ding, L., Zhou, L., Finin, T. and Joshi, A., 2005, “How the semantic web is being used: an analysis of FOAF”, Proceedings of the 38th International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii, January.
  8. ETSI EG 202 325, Human Factors (HF), User Profile Management, 2005.
  9. Fellbaum, Christiane (2005). WordNet and wordnets. In: Brown, Keith et al. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Second Edition, Oxford: Elsevier, 665-670
  10. Finin, T., Ding, L. Zhou, L., Joshi, A., 2005,"Social networking on the semantic web", The Learning Organization, Vol. 12 Iss: 5, pp.418 - 435.
  11. Heckmann, D., 2005, Ubiquitous User Modeling, PhD thesis, Department of Computer Science, Saarland University, Germany.
  12. Houben, G. et al., 2005, “State of art: semantic interoperability for distributed user profiles”, Telematica Institute Report, Project Alter Ego/D1.6 v 2, 2.
  13. Iqbal, Z., Noll, J., Alam, S., “Role of User Profile in Cloud-based Collaboration Services for Innovation” International Journal on Advances in Security, vol 4 no 1 & 2, year 2011, security/
  14. Iqbal, Z., Noll, J., Alam, S., Chowdhury, M.,13-19 June 2010, “Toward User-centric Privacy-aware User Profile Ontology for Future Services”, In the Proceedings of IEEE Third International Conference on Communication Theory, Reliability, and Quality of Service (CTRQ 2010), Athens, Greece.
  15. Kapsammer, E. et al., 2012, User Profile Integration Made Easy - Model-Driven Extraction and Transformation of Social Network Schemas, Paper at International Workshop on Interoperability of User Profiles in Multi-Application Web Environments, at 21st International World Wide Web Conference (WWW), Lyon, France, April 16 - 20, ACM Publications.
  16. Leonardi, E., Houben G-J, van der Sluijs, K,, Hidders, J., Herder E., Abel F, Krause D, Heckmann, D: June,2009, User Profile Elicitation and Conversion in a Mashup Environment. In Int. Workshop on Lightweight Integration on the Web, in conjunction with ICWE 09, San Sebastian, Spain.
  17. Miles, A and Pérez-Agüera, J., 2007, SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organization for the Web, Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, Vol. 43, No.3.2007, pp. 69- 83.
  18. Nielsen: Social Media Report: Q3 2011, Available in, consulted: April 2012.
  19. Pellens, B., OwlDotNetApi, submitted in 2006, Available: netapi.html
  20. Sutterer, M. “User Profile Management and Selection in Context-Aware Service Platforms for Networks Beyond 3G: A Practical Application of Semantic Web Technologies”, October 2009, PhD Dissertation, Universität Kassel.
  21. Van Der Sluijs, K., Houben, G.,2006, A generic component for exchanging user models between webbased systems, In International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, 2006,Vol.16,No.1/2 pp. 64-76.
  22. Viviani, M., Bennani, N., Egyed-zsigmond, E. and Liris, I., 2010, A Survey on User Modeling in MultiApplication Environments. In Third International Conference on Advances in Human-Oriented and Personalized Mechanisms, Technologies and Services.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

de Lourdes Martínez-Villaseñor M. and González-Mendoza M. (2012). Towards an Ontology for Ubiquitous User Modeling Interoperability . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2012) ISBN 978-989-8565-30-3, pages 239-244. DOI: 10.5220/0004141202390244

in Bibtex Style

author={María de Lourdes Martínez-Villaseñor and Miguel González-Mendoza},
title={Towards an Ontology for Ubiquitous User Modeling Interoperability},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2012)},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2012)
TI - Towards an Ontology for Ubiquitous User Modeling Interoperability
SN - 978-989-8565-30-3
AU - de Lourdes Martínez-Villaseñor M.
AU - González-Mendoza M.
PY - 2012
SP - 239
EP - 244
DO - 10.5220/0004141202390244