Pitch Control for Variable Speed Wind Turbines

A. I. Roussos, V. E. Ntampasi, O. I. Kosmidou

Abstract

The main thrust of this paper is to present an efficient method for the pitch control of large scale wind turbines. After an investigation in wind turbine working regions, the “optimum” working levels are determined. A PID controller is designed based on the Ziegler – Nichols method. By appropriately tuning the controller gains, the proposed controller ensures achieving a rapid convergence to the extracted power set point with the minimum of fluctuations even in extreme wind conditions.

References

  1. Abbas F. A. R., Abdulsada M. A., 2010. Simulation of Wind-Turbine Speed Control by MATLAB, International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 5.
  2. Ackermann T., 2002. Transmission systems for offshore wind farms, IEEE Power Engineering Review.
  3. Ackermann T., 2005. Wind Power in Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  4. Asharif F., Tamaki S., Nagado T., Nagtata T., Asharif M. R., 2011. Analysis of Non-linear Adaptive Friction and Pitch Angle Control of Small-Scaled Wind Turbine System, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
  5. Boukhezzara B., Lupua L., Siguerdidjanea H., Handb M., 2007. Multivariable control strategy for variable speed, Renewable Energy, Vol. 32.
  6. Dunney F., Y. Paoz L. Y., Wrightx A. D., Jonkman B., Neil Kelle N., 2010. Combining standard feedback controllers with feed forward blade pitch control for load mitigation in wind turbines, Proceedings of the 48th AIAA aerospace sciences meeting, Orlando.
  7. Ebrahim M. A., Metwally A. E., Bendary F., Mansour W. M., Ramadan H. S., Ortega R. and Romero J., 2010. Optimization of Proportional-Integral-Differential Controller for Wind Power Plant Using Particle Swarm Optimization Technique, IJETSE International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Sciences and Engineering, Vol.2, No.2.
  8. Geyler M., Caselitz P., 2007. Individual blade pitch control design for load reduction on large wind turbines, Proceedings of the European Wind Energy Conference, Milan, Italy.
  9. Hansen M. O. L., 2008. Aerodymanics of Wind Turbines, Second Edition, Earthscan.
  10. Hara S., Iwasaki T., and Shiokata D., 2006. Robust PID Control Using Generalized KYP Synthesis, IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE.
  11. Iov F., Hansen A. D., Sørensen P., Blaabjerg F., 2004. Wind Turbine Blockset in Matlab/Simulink, General Overview and Description of the Models, Institute of Energy Technology, Aalborg University.
  12. Jonkman J. M., 2007. Dynamics modeling and loads analysis of an offshore floating wind turbine, Technical report.
  13. Leinhos D. C., Scheidler S. G., Fottner L., 2002. Experiments in Active Stall Control of a Twin-Spool Turbofan Engine, Proceedings of ASME TURBO EXPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  14. Marsaglia G., Tsang W.W., 2000. The ziggurat method for generating random variables, Journal of Statistical Software, Vol. 5, No. 8. (5)
  15. Munteanu I., Bractu A. I., Cutululis N. A., Ceanga E., 2008. Optimal Control of Wind Energy Systems, Towards a Global Approach, Springer
  16. Slootweg J. G., Haan S. W. H., Polinder H., Kling W. L.,2003. General Model for Representing Variable Speed Wind Turbines in Power System Dynamics Simulations, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, Vol. 18, No. 1.
  17. Strazisar A. J., Bright M. M., 2004. Compressor Stall Control Through Endwall Recirculation, Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo Power for Land, Sea, and Air, Vienna, Austria.
  18. Wilson D. G., Berg D. E., Resor B. R., Barone M. F., Berg J. C., 2009. Combined individual pitch control and active aerodynamic load controller investigation for the 5MW upwind turbine, AWEA WINDPOWER 2009 Conference and Exhibition, Chicago.
  19. Ziegler J. G., Nichols N. B., Rochester N. Y., 1942. Optimum Settings for Automatic Controllers, Transactions of the A.S.M.E.
  20. Zhang J, Cheng M., Chen Z., Fu X., 2008. Pitch Angle Control for Variable Speed Wind Turbine, DRPT2008, Nanjing China.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

I. Roussos A., E. Ntampasi V. and I. Kosmidou O. (2013). Pitch Control for Variable Speed Wind Turbines . In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 1: ICINCO, ISBN 978-989-8565-70-9, pages 43-49. DOI: 10.5220/0004391000430049


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icinco13,
author={A. I. Roussos and V. E. Ntampasi and O. I. Kosmidou},
title={Pitch Control for Variable Speed Wind Turbines},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 1: ICINCO,},
year={2013},
pages={43-49},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0004391000430049},
isbn={978-989-8565-70-9},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 1: ICINCO,
TI - Pitch Control for Variable Speed Wind Turbines
SN - 978-989-8565-70-9
AU - I. Roussos A.
AU - E. Ntampasi V.
AU - I. Kosmidou O.
PY - 2013
SP - 43
EP - 49
DO - 10.5220/0004391000430049