Synaptic City - An Architectural Approach using an OSGI Infrastructure and GMaps API to Build a City Simulator

Gustavo H. R. P. Tomas, Welington M. da Silva, Kiev Gama, Vinicius C. Garcia, Alexandre Alvaro

Abstract

Big cities have noticeable problems resulting from poor management of urban services. Monitoring a city gives some parameters to evaluate the performance of urban services, allowing to identify their flaws, and elaborate strategic plains to correct them. Smart cities architectures are intended to propose Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) solutions to increase service efectiveness. Considering that to establish a ICT infrastructure to support a smart city architecture is very expensive, once you have got the data and you know what urban service you will attend to, you can use a city simulator to test how the architecture will behave when facing the city’s problems. In this context we propose the Synaptic City architecture, together with a city simulator, with which we modeled a Brazilian city, Recife, Pernambuco, in order to discuss its main problems.

References

  1. Alliance, O. (2007). OSGi Service Platform Release 4.
  2. Atzori, L., Iera, A., and Morabito, G. (78201078). The internet of things: A survey. Comput. Netw., 54(15):2787- 2805.
  3. Blackstock, M., Kaviani, N., Lea, R., and Friday, A. (2010). Magic broker 2: An open and extensible platform for the internet o@f things. In Internet of Things (IOT), 2010, pages 1-8.
  4. City, N. Y. (2012). Nyc bigapps. http://bit.ly/ U9e3C0. ”[Online] Available: 18-September-2012”.
  5. Cosm (2012). Cosm, connect to your world. http://bit.ly/ QVN9uu. ”[Online] Available: 30-August-2012”.
  6. de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), I. B. (2012). Estimativa populacional. http://bit.ly/QbmASi. ”[Online] Available: 31-August-2012”.
  7. Erbad, A., Blackstock, M., Friday, A., Lea, R., and AlMuhtadi, J. (2008). Magic broker: A middleware toolkit for interactive public displays. In 6th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, PERCOM 7808, pages 509- 514, Washington, DC, USA. IEEE Computer Society.
  8. Filipponi, L., Vitaletti, A., Landi, G., Memeo, V., Laura, G., and Pucci, P. (2010). Smart city: An event driven architecture for monitoring public spaces with heterogeneous sensors. In 4th International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications, pages 281- 286, Washington, DC, USA. IEEE Computer Society.
  9. Foundation, E. (2012). Equinox bundles. http://bit.ly/ OdJ9Bw. ”[Online] Available: 31-August-2012”.
  10. Giffinger, R. and Pichler-Milanovic, N. (2007). Smart Cities: Ranking of European Medium-sized Cities. Centre of Regional Science, Vienna University of Technology.
  11. Hall, N. (2012). Are there really more mobile phones than toothbrushes? http://bit.ly/RInZMi. ”[Online] Available: 1-August-2012”.
  12. Hernández-Mun˜oz, J. M., Vercher, J. B., Mun˜oz, L., Galache, J. A., Presser, M., Gómez, L. A. H., and Pettersson, J. (2011). Smart cities at the forefront of the future internet. In Domingue, J., Galis, A., Gavras, A., Zahariadis, T., and Lambert, D., editors, The future internet, pages 447-462. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  13. Kanter, R., Litow, S., and School, H. B. (2009). Informed and Interconnected: A Manifesto for Smarter Cities. Harvard Business School.
  14. Kuper, A. (1995). The Social Science Encyclopedia. Routledge world reference series. Taylor & Francis.
  15. Lee, J., Baik, S., and Choonhwa Lee, C. (2011). Building an integrated service management platform for ubiquitous cities. Computer, 44:56-63.
  16. Lei, W. (2003). A software platform for smart sensors. International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 2:1116-1121.
  17. Morvaj, B., Lugaric, L., and Krajcar, S. (2011). Demonstrating smart buildings and smart grid features in a smart energy city. In Energetics (IYCE), 3rd International Youth Conference, pages 1-8. IEEE.
  18. Nations, U. (2007). World population prospects: The 2006 revision and world urbanization prospects. Technical report, United Nations, New York.
  19. PlanIT, L. (2012). Cities in the cloud, a living planit introduction to future city technologies. In Living PlanIT. Living PlanIT.
  20. Prefeitura do Rio de Janeiro (2012). Rioapps. http:// rioapps.com.br/. ”[Online] Available: 18-September2012”.
  21. Sanchez, L., Galache, J., Gutierrez, V., Hernandez, J., Bernat, J., Gluhak, A., and Garcia, T. (2011). Smartsantander: The meeting point between future internet research and experimentation and the smart cities. In Future Network & Mobile Summit (FutureNetw), pages 1-8. IEEE.
  22. Services, A. W. (2012). What is aws? http://bit.ly/Nz1zkp. ”[Online] Available: 15-August-2012”.
  23. Su, K., Li, J., and Fu, H. (2011). Smart city and the applications. In International Conference Electronics, Communications and Control (ICECC), pages 1028- 1031.
  24. Tan, L. (2010). Future internet: The Internet of Things. In 3rd International Conference on Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering(ICACTE), pages V5- 376-V5-380. IEEE.
  25. Tecnic, S. (2012). Sense tecnic. http://bit.ly/TPwwlq. ”[Online] Available: 30-August-2012”.
  26. Zygiaris, S. (2012). Smart city reference model: Assisting planners to conceptualize the building of smart city innovation ecosystems. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, pages 1-15.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

H. R. P. Tomas G., M. da Silva W., Gama K., C. Garcia V. and Alvaro A. (2013). Synaptic City - An Architectural Approach using an OSGI Infrastructure and GMaps API to Build a City Simulator . In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS, ISBN 978-989-8565-60-0, pages 427-434. DOI: 10.5220/0004421204270434


in Bibtex Style

@conference{iceis13,
author={Gustavo H. R. P. Tomas and Welington M. da Silva and Kiev Gama and Vinicius C. Garcia and Alexandre Alvaro},
title={Synaptic City - An Architectural Approach using an OSGI Infrastructure and GMaps API to Build a City Simulator},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,},
year={2013},
pages={427-434},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0004421204270434},
isbn={978-989-8565-60-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,
TI - Synaptic City - An Architectural Approach using an OSGI Infrastructure and GMaps API to Build a City Simulator
SN - 978-989-8565-60-0
AU - H. R. P. Tomas G.
AU - M. da Silva W.
AU - Gama K.
AU - C. Garcia V.
AU - Alvaro A.
PY - 2013
SP - 427
EP - 434
DO - 10.5220/0004421204270434