Increasing Self-consumption of Photovoltaic Electricity by Storing Energy in Electric Vehicle using Smart Grid Technology in the Residential Sector - A Model for Simulating Different Smart Grid Programs

M. J. van der Kam, W. G. J. H. M. van Sark

Abstract

In this paper a model has been developed which intends to simulate the increase of self-consumption of photovoltaic (PV)-power by storing energy in electric vehicle (EV) using smart grid technology in the residential sector. Three different possible smart grid control algorithms for a micro-grid consisting of solar panels, a household and an EV are presented that manage the (dis-)charging profile of an EV, either in real-time or using linear optimization using predictions for PV-power and electricity demand. The different control algorithms are simulated for a year using data for PV-power and electricity demand from the Netherlands and one specific EV. Preliminary results of the model are presented, showing that all control algorithms could significantly increase self-consumption and reduce peaks in electricity demand from the main grid. Although the difference in performance of the control algorithms for self-consumption is marginal, we find that linear optimization works better than the real-time algorithms for peak reduction.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

J. van der Kam M. and G. J. H. M. van Sark W. (2014). Increasing Self-consumption of Photovoltaic Electricity by Storing Energy in Electric Vehicle using Smart Grid Technology in the Residential Sector - A Model for Simulating Different Smart Grid Programs . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS, ISBN 978-989-758-025-3, pages 14-20. DOI: 10.5220/0004763000140020


in Bibtex Style

@conference{smartgreens14,
author={M. J. van der Kam and W. G. J. H. M. van Sark},
title={Increasing Self-consumption of Photovoltaic Electricity by Storing Energy in Electric Vehicle using Smart Grid Technology in the Residential Sector - A Model for Simulating Different Smart Grid Programs},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,},
year={2014},
pages={14-20},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0004763000140020},
isbn={978-989-758-025-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,
TI - Increasing Self-consumption of Photovoltaic Electricity by Storing Energy in Electric Vehicle using Smart Grid Technology in the Residential Sector - A Model for Simulating Different Smart Grid Programs
SN - 978-989-758-025-3
AU - J. van der Kam M.
AU - G. J. H. M. van Sark W.
PY - 2014
SP - 14
EP - 20
DO - 10.5220/0004763000140020