Contextinator - Project-based Management of Personal Information on the Web

Ankit Ahuja, Ben Hanrahan, Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones

Abstract

The web browser is a central workspace for knowledge workers, where they use cloud-based applications to access their information. While this solution fits nicely within our diverse ecosystem of devices, it may reintroduce and proliferate faults of the desktop, particularly information fragmentation. Information fragmentation is an increasingly important issue on the cloud as information is typically silo-ed within different applications. This results in users replicating storage and organization due to the lack of a unifying structure. As cloud applications become more rich, the need to investigate whether these faults of the past are still problematic becomes more important. To probe this question we created Contextinator, a tool for the web browser that assists in coordinating data for projects. Contextinator enables knowledge workers to manage cloud-based information and project artifacts in a centralized place, providing a unifying structure. In this paper, we discuss the design of our system, and the results of our mixed-method evaluation. Our findings contribute insight into the need for, and appropriateness of, projects as unifying structures for the web. Our results point to two types of projects we call ‘preparatory’ and ‘opportunistic’ based on when and why users create them.

References

  1. Ahuja, A. (2013). Contextinator: Recreating the context lost amid information fragmentation on the web. Masters thesis, Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech.
  2. Allen, D. (2002). Getting Things Done: The Art of StressFree Productivity. Penguin Books.
  3. Bellotti, V., Dalal, B., Good, N., Flynn, P., Bobrow, D. G., and Ducheneaut, N. (2004). What a to-do: studies of task management towards the design of a personal task list manager. In Proc. CHI 7804, pages 735-742, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  4. Bellotti, V. and Smith, I. (2000). Informing the design of an information management system with iterative fieldwork. In Proc. DIS 7800, pages 227-237, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  5. Bergman, O., Bergman, O., Beyth-marom, R., and Nachmias, R. (2003). The user-subjective approach to personal information management systems. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 54:872-878.
  6. Bergman, O., Beyth-Marom, R., and Nachmias, R. (2006). The project fragmentation problem in personal information management. In Proc. CHI 7806, pages 271- 274, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  7. Boardman, R., Boardman, R., Spence, R., and Sasse, M. A. (2003). Too many hierarchies? the daily struggle for control of the workspace. Proc. CHI 7896, pages 406- 412.
  8. Boardman, R. and Sasse, M. A. (2004). ”stuff goes into the computer and doesn't come out”: a cross-tool study of personal information management. In Proc CHI 7804, pages 583-590, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  9. Czerwinski, M., Horvitz, E., and Wilhite, S. (2004). A diary study of task switching and interruptions. In Proc. CHI 7804, pages 175-182. ACM.
  10. González, V. M. and Mark, G. (2004). ”constant, constant, multi-tasking craziness”: managing multiple working spheres. In Proc. CHI 7804, pages 113-120, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  11. Hanrahan, B., Bouchard, G., Convertino, G., Weksteen, T., Kong, N., Archambeau, C., and Chi, E. H. (2011). Mail2wiki: low-cost sharing and early curation from email to wikis. In Proc. C&T 2013, pages 98-107, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  12. Henderson, Jr., D. A. and Card, S. (1986). Rooms: the use of multiple virtual workspaces to reduce space contention in a window-based graphical user interface. ACM Trans. Graph., 5(3):211-243.
  13. Jhaveri, N. and Räihä, K.-J. (2005). The advantages of a cross-session web workspace. In Proc. CHI EA 7805, pages 1949-1952, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  14. Jones, W. and Anderson, K. M. (2011). Many views, many modes, many tools ... one structure: Towards a non-disruptive integration of personal information. In Proc. Hypertext 2011, pages 113-122, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  15. Jones, W., Klasnja, P., Civan, A., and Adcock, M. L. (2008). The personal project planner: planning to organize personal information. In Proc. CHI 2008, pages 681- 684, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  16. Jones, W., Phuwanartnurak, A. J., Gill, R., and Bruce, H. (2005). Don't take my folders away!: organizing personal information to get ghings done. In Proc. CHI EA 7805, pages 1505-1508, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  17. Karger, D. R. and Jones, W. (2006). Data unification in personal information management. Commun. ACM, 49(1):77-82.
  18. Kelly, D. and Teevan, J. (2007). Personal Information Management, chapter Understanding What Works: Evaluating PIM Tools, pages 190-204. University of Washington Press.
  19. Mark, G., Gonzalez, V. M., and Harris, J. (2005). No task left behind?: examining the nature of fragmented work. In Proc. CHI 7805, pages 321-330, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  20. Morris, D., Ringel Morris, M., and Venolia, G. (2008). Searchbar: a search-centric web history for task resumption and information re-finding. In Proc. CHI 7808, pages 1207-1216, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  21. Rajamanickam, M. R., MacKenzie, R., Lam, B., and Su, T. (2010). A task-focused approach to support sharing and interruption recovery in web browsers. In Proc. CHI EA 7810, pages 4345-4350, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  22. Teevan, J., Alvarado, C., Ackerman, M. S., and Karger, D. R. (2004). The perfect search engine is not enough: A study of orienteering behavior in directed search. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 7804, pages 415- 422, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  23. Voida, S. and Mynatt, E. D. (2009). It feels better than filing: everyday work experiences in an activity-based computing system. In Proc. CHI 7809, pages 259-268, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  24. Voida, S., Mynatt, E. D., and Edwards, W. K. (2008). Reframing the desktop interface around the activities of knowledge work. In Proc. UIST 7808, pages 211-220, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  25. Wang, Q. and Chang, H. (2010). Multitasking bar: prototype and evaluation of introducing the task concept into a browser. In Proc. CHI 7810, pages 103-112, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  26. Whittaker, S., Matthews, T., Cerruti, J., Badenes, H., and Tang, J. (2011). Am i wasting my time organizing email?: a study of email refinding. In Proc. CHI 7811, pages 3449-3458, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Ahuja A., Hanrahan B. and A. Pérez-Quiñones M. (2014). Contextinator - Project-based Management of Personal Information on the Web . In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: WEBIST, ISBN 978-989-758-024-6, pages 14-23. DOI: 10.5220/0004859300140023


in Bibtex Style

@conference{webist14,
author={Ankit Ahuja and Ben Hanrahan and Manuel A. Pérez-Quiñones},
title={Contextinator - Project-based Management of Personal Information on the Web},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: WEBIST,},
year={2014},
pages={14-23},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0004859300140023},
isbn={978-989-758-024-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 2: WEBIST,
TI - Contextinator - Project-based Management of Personal Information on the Web
SN - 978-989-758-024-6
AU - Ahuja A.
AU - Hanrahan B.
AU - A. Pérez-Quiñones M.
PY - 2014
SP - 14
EP - 23
DO - 10.5220/0004859300140023