Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Applications in Federated Clouds

Usman Wajid

Abstract

While in recent work the energy efficiency of cloud platforms has been emphasized and many approaches have been proposed to reduce the energy consumption in data centres, the evaluation of the environmental impact of applications running in cloud environments is still a research issue, as well as possible techniques to lower their environmental footprint. In the paper the approach taken in the ECO2Clouds project towards assessment of environmental impact of applications and the evaluation of its potential reduction based on adaptive services is illustrated and discussed, including in the discussion the evaluation of alternative possible uses of eco-metrics towards reducing the environmental impact of applications.

References

  1. Beloglazov, A., Buyya, R., Choon Lee, Y., Zomaya, A.Y., 2011. A Taxonomy and Survey of Energy-Efficient Data Centers and Cloud Computing Systems. Advances in Computers 82: 47-111
  2. BonFIRE, 2013. http://www.bonfire-project.eu/ link checked on Dec. 29, 2013
  3. Bucchiarone, A., Cappiello, C. Di Nitto, E., Barbara Pernici, Sandonini, A., 2012: A Variable Context Model for Adaptable Service-Based Applications. IJARAS 3(3): 35-53
  4. Cappiello, C., Datre, S., Fugini, M. G., Gienger, M., Melia', P., Pernici, B. 2013. Monitoring and Assessing Energy Consumption and CO2 Emissions in Cloudbased Systems, IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC)
  5. Chen, D., Henis, E., Kat, R. I., Sotnikov, D., Cappiello, C., Ferreira, A. M., Pernici, B., Vitali, M., Jiang, T., Liu, J., Kipp, A., 2011. Usage centric green performance indicators, Proceedings of GreenMetrics 2011 (SIGMETRICS workshop).
  6. ECO2Clouds, 2013. D3.1: Layered Sets of Metrics and Application Profile, ECO2Clouds project deliverable, http://eco2clouds.eu
  7. Greenpeace, 2012. How clean is your cloud?, http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publicatio ns/Campaign-reports/Climate-Reports/How-Clean-isYour-Cloud/ link checked on Dec. 29, 2013
  8. Khosravi, A. Garg, S. K., Buyya, R., 2013. Energy and Carbon-Efficient Placement of Virtual Machines in Distributed Cloud Data Centers. Euro-Par 2013, 317- 328
  9. Kolodziej, J., Khan, S. U., Wang, L., Zomaya, A. Y., 2012. Energy efficient genetic-based schedulers in computational Grids. Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience
  10. Kipp, A., Jiang, T., Fugini, M. G., Salomie, I., 2012. Layered Green Performance Indicators, Future Generation Comp. Syst. 28(2), 478-489
  11. Lindberg. P. et al., 2012. Comparison and analysis of eight scheduling heuristics for the optimization of energy consumption and makespan in large-scale distributed systems. In Journal of Supercomputing, Vol. 59, Issue 1, 323-360.
  12. Papazoglou, M. P., Pohl, K., Parkin, M., Metzger, A. (Eds.), 2010. Service Research Challenges and Solutions for the Future Internet - S-Cube - Towards Engineering, Managing and Adapting Service-Based Systems. Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science
  13. S-Cube Team, http://www.s-cube-network.eu/, link checked on Dec. 29, 2013
  14. Reiter, M., Fettke, P., Loos, P., 2013. Towards a Reference Model for Ecological IT Service Management, International Conference on Information Systems, Milan
  15. Singh, H. Reuters, T. (eds), 2011. Data Center Maturity Model, http://www.thegreengrid.org/en/Global/Conte nt/white-papers/DataCenterMaturityModel Dec. 29, 2013
  16. Tenschert, A., Gienger, M., 2013. Cloud Federation Monitoring for an Improved Eco-Efficiency, eChallenges 2013, Dublin, Ireland
  17. Wajid, U., MarĂ­n, C. A, Mehandjiev, N., 2013. Optimizing Service Ecosystems in the Cloud, in The Future Internet, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 7858, Springer.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Pernici B. and Wajid U. (2014). Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Applications in Federated Clouds . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS, ISBN 978-989-758-025-3, pages 256-261. DOI: 10.5220/0004946802560261


in Bibtex Style

@conference{smartgreens14,
author={Barbara Pernici and Usman Wajid},
title={Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Applications in Federated Clouds},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,},
year={2014},
pages={256-261},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0004946802560261},
isbn={978-989-758-025-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Smart Grids and Green IT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,
TI - Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Applications in Federated Clouds
SN - 978-989-758-025-3
AU - Pernici B.
AU - Wajid U.
PY - 2014
SP - 256
EP - 261
DO - 10.5220/0004946802560261