Towards Ecosystems based on Open Data as a Service

Kiev Gama, Bernadette Farias Lóscio


Despite several efforts in contests throughout the world that encourage local communities to develop applications based on government Open Data, the solutions resulting from such initiatives do not have longevity, lacking maintenance and rapidly falling into disuse. This is due mainly to the lack of investment or even a model for monetizing the use of such applications. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a model that fosters the value chain for Open Data aiming an economically self-sustained ecosystem. Such ecosystem should promote new businesses through the creation of systems and applications focused on citizens. This article discusses the creation of software ecosystems for services and applications underpinned by a platform based on Open Data as a Service.


  1. Armbrust, M., Fox, A., Griffith, R., Joseph, A. D., Katz, R., Konwinski, A., & Zaharia, M., 2010. A view of cloud computing. Communications of the ACM, 53(4), 50-58.
  2. Banerjee, P., Friedrich, R., Bash, C., Goldsack, P., Huberman, B. A., Manley, J. & Veitch, A., 2011. Everything as a service: Powering the new information economy. Computer, 44(3), 36-43.
  3. Bennett, D., & Harvey, A., 2009. Publishing open government data. W3C Working Draft. Available from: [].
  4. Dan, A., Johnson, R., & Arsanjani, A., 2007. Information as a service: Modeling and realization. In Systems Development in SOA Environments, 2007. SDSOA'07: ICSE Workshops 2007. International Workshop on (pp. 2-2). IEEE.
  5. Dietrich, D., Gray, J., McNamara, T., Poikola, A., Pollock, P., Tait, J., & Zijlstra, T., 2009. Open Data handbook.. Available from: <>. [18 January 2014]
  6. Goldstein, B. & Dyson, L., 2013. Beyond Transparency: Open Data and the Future of Civic Innovation, Code For America Press.
  7. Hogge, B., 2010. Open Data study. a report commissioned by the Transparency and Accountability Initiative,
  8. Huijboom, N., & Van den Broek, T., 2011. Open Data: an international comparison of strategies, European Journal of ePractice, No. 12, March/April 2011.
  9. Jansen, S., Finkelstein, A., & Brinkkemper, S., 2009, May). A sense of community: A research agenda for software ecosystems. In Software Engineering-Companion Volume, 2009. ICSE-Companion 2009. 31st International Conference on (pp. 187-190). IEEE.
  10. Jansen, S., & Cusumano, M. A., 2013. Defining software ecosystems: a survey of software platforms and business network governance. Software Ecosystems: Analyzing and Managing Business Networks in the Software Industry, 13.
  11. Maximilien, E. M., Ranabahu, A., & Gomadam, K., 2008. An online platform for web apis and service mashups. Internet Computing, IEEE, 12(5), 32-43.
  12. McKinsey Global Institute, 2013. Open Data: Unlocking innovation and performance with liquid information. Available from: <>. [17 January 2014]
  13. Moore, J. F., 1993. Predators and prey: a new ecology of competition. Harvard business review, 71(3), 75-86.
  14. Papazoglou, M. P., 2003 Service-Oriented Computing: Concepts, Characteristics and Directions, 4th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering (WISE'03), Rome, Italy, 2003.
  15. Townsend, A., 2013. Smart cities: Big data, civic hackers, and the quest for a new utopia. WW Norton & Company 2013 p. 199-212.
  16. Truong, H. L., & Dustdar, S., 2009. On analyzing and specifying concerns for data as a service. Services Computing Conference, 2009. APSCC 2009. IEEE Asia-Pacific. IEEE, 2009.
  17. Yu, S., & Woodard, C. J., 2009. Innovation in the programmable web: Characterizing the mashup ecosystem. In Service-Oriented Computing-ICSOC 2008 Workshops (pp. 136-147). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Gama K. and Farias Lóscio B. (2014). Towards Ecosystems based on Open Data as a Service . In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS, ISBN 978-989-758-028-4, pages 659-664. DOI: 10.5220/0004974506590664

in Bibtex Style

author={Kiev Gama and Bernadette Farias Lóscio},
title={Towards Ecosystems based on Open Data as a Service},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,
TI - Towards Ecosystems based on Open Data as a Service
SN - 978-989-758-028-4
AU - Gama K.
AU - Farias Lóscio B.
PY - 2014
SP - 659
EP - 664
DO - 10.5220/0004974506590664