Using Ultracapacitors as Energy-storing Devices on a Mobile Robot Platform Power System for Ultra-fast Charging

Carlos Arantes, João Sepúlveda, João Sena Esteves, Hugo Costa, Filomena Soares

Abstract

The large charging times required by conventional batteries constitute an important limitation in many applications. The use of ultracapacitors as energy storage elements allows substantially faster charging. This paper presents a power supply system developed in order to validate the possibility of providing a mobile robot platform with an electrical energy storage system based on ultracapacitors and batteries, ensuring both the autonomy and the charging time required by this vehicle. Both simulations results and experimental results – also presented in this paper – validate this possibility. Using exclusively one ultracapacitors module as energy-storing device of the new power supply system, the mobile platform achieved an autonomy of 22 minutes after a charging time of 1 minute and 57 seconds. The charging time is less than 10% of the autonomy time. The system also proved its ability to properly charge lead-acid batteries or nickel–metal hydride batteries, which may be used as energy-storing devices, allowing the mobile platform to achieve greater autonomy than the one obtained with ultracapacitors (at the cost of larger charging times).

References

  1. Awerbuch, J. J.; Sullivan, C. R.; Control of UltracapacitorBattery Hybrid Power Source for Vehicular Applications; ENERGY 2008, Energy 2030 Conference, 2008, Page(s): 1 - 7. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ENERGY.2008.4781003.
  2. Awerbuch, J. J.; Sullivan, C. R.; Filter-based Power Splitting in Ultracapacitor-Battery Hybrids for Vehicular Applications; COMPEL 2010, Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, 2010, Pages(s): 1 - 8. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ COMPEL.2010.5562429.
  3. Bernholc, J.; Ranjan, V.; Zheng, X. H.; Jiang, J.; Lu, W.; Abtew, T. A.; Boguslawski, P.; Nardelli, M.B.; Meunier, V.; Properties of High-Performance Capacitor Materials and Nanoscale Electronic Devices, HPCMP-UGC 2010, High Performance Computing Modernization Program Users Group Conference, 2010, Page(s): 195 - 200. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/HPCMP-UGC.2010.76.
  4. Dai Haifeng; Chang Xueyu; A Study on Lead Acid Battery and Ultra-capacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System for Hybrid City Bus; ICOIP 2010, International Conference on Optoelectronics and Image Processing, 2010, Page(s): 154 - 159. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ICOIP.2010.321.
  5. Haihua Zhou; Bhattacharya, T.; Duong Tran; Siew, T. S. T.; Khambadkone, A. M.; Composite Energy Storage System Involving Battery and Ultracapacitor With Dynamic Energy Management in Microgrid Applications; IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2010, Page(s): 923 - 930. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TPEL.2010.2095040.
  6. Hua, A. C. -C.; Syue, B. Z. -W.; Charge and discharge characteristics of lead-acid battery and LiFePO4 battery; IPEC 2010, International Power Electronics Conference, 2010, Page(s): 1478 - 1483. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/IPEC.2010.5544506.
  7. JennHwa Wong; Idris, N. R. N.; Anwari, M.; Taufik, T.; A Parallel Energy-Sharing Control for Fuel cell-BatteryUltracapacitor Hybrid Vehicle; ECCE 2011, Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, 2011, Page(s): 2923 - 2929. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ ECCE.2011.6064162.
  8. Lei Wang; Hui Li; Maximum Fuel Economy-oriented Power Management Design for a Fuel Cell Vehicle Using Battery and Ultracapacitor; IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2010, Page(s): 1011 - 1020. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TIA.2010.2045097.
  9. Li Siguang; Zhang Chengning; Xie Shaobo; Research on Fast Charge Method for Lead-Acid Electric Vehicle Batteries; ISA 2009, International Workshop on Intelligent Systems and Applications, 2009, Page(s): 1 - 5. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ IWISA.2009.5073068.
  10. Miller, J. M.; Energy Storage Technology Markets and Application's: Ultracapacitors in Combination with Lithium-ion; ICPE 2007, International Conference on Power Electronics, 2007, Page(s): 16 - 22. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ICPE.2007.4692343.
  11. Monteiro, J.; Garrido, N.; Fonseca, R.; Efficient Supercapacitor Energy Usage in Mobile Phones; ICCE 2011, 2011 International Conference on Consumer Electronics - Berlin, 2011, Pages(s): 318 - 321. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ICCEBerlin.2011.6031796.
  12. Musat, A. M.; Carp, M.; Borza, P.; Musat, R.; Sojref, D.; Hybrid Storage Systems and Dynamic Adapting Topologies for Vehiche Applications; OPTIM 2012, 2012 13th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment, 2012, Page(s): 1842 - 1566. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ OPTIM.2012.6231910.
  13. Niemoeller, B. A.; Krein, P. T.; Battery-Ultracapacitor Active Parallel Interface with Indirect Control of Battery Current; PECI 2010, Power and Energy Conference at Illinois, 2010, Pages(s): 12 - 19. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/PECI.2010.5437163.
  14. Petchjatuporn, P.; Wicheanchote, P.; Khaehintung, N.; Kiranon, W.; Sunat, K.; Chiewchanwattana, S.; Intelligent ultra fast charger for Ni-Cd batteries; ISCAS 2005, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2005, Page(s): 5162 - 5165 Vol. 5. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ ISCAS.2005.1465797.
  15. Schneuwly, A.; Gallay, R.; Properties and Applications of Supercapacitors from the State-of-Art to Future Trends; Proceeding PCIM 2000, 2000.
  16. Wenzhong Gao; Performance Comparison of a Fuel CellBattery Hybrid Powertrain and a Fuel CellUltracapacitor Hybrid Powertrain; IEEE Transactions On Vehicular Technology, 2005, Page(s): 846 - 855. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TVT.2005.847229.
  17. Xiaofei Liu; Qianfan Zhang; Chunbo Zhu; Design of Battery and Ultracapacitor Multiple Energy Storage in Hybrid Electric Vehicle; VPPC 2009, Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, 2009, Page(s): 1395 - 1398. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ VPPC.2009.5289462.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Arantes C., Sepúlveda J., Sena Esteves J., Costa H. and Soares F. (2014). Using Ultracapacitors as Energy-storing Devices on a Mobile Robot Platform Power System for Ultra-fast Charging . In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO, ISBN 978-989-758-040-6, pages 156-164. DOI: 10.5220/0005061801560164


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icinco14,
author={Carlos Arantes and João Sepúlveda and João Sena Esteves and Hugo Costa and Filomena Soares},
title={Using Ultracapacitors as Energy-storing Devices on a Mobile Robot Platform Power System for Ultra-fast Charging},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO,},
year={2014},
pages={156-164},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005061801560164},
isbn={978-989-758-040-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 2: ICINCO,
TI - Using Ultracapacitors as Energy-storing Devices on a Mobile Robot Platform Power System for Ultra-fast Charging
SN - 978-989-758-040-6
AU - Arantes C.
AU - Sepúlveda J.
AU - Sena Esteves J.
AU - Costa H.
AU - Soares F.
PY - 2014
SP - 156
EP - 164
DO - 10.5220/0005061801560164