Modelling Debates on the Computer

Mare Koit, Haldur Õim


In the paper, a model of debate is developed which includes a model of argument. When starting interaction, the participants have opposite communicative goals. They are exchanging arguments and counter-arguments and one of them has finally to abandon his or her initial communicative goal, i.e. one participant ‘wins’ and another ‘loses’. An analysis of human-human dialogue corpus is carried out in order to evaluate the suitability of the model for describing natural debates. A computer implementation is introduced. Notions of negotiation, debate and argument are discussed.


  1. Amgoud, L., Cayrol, C., 2002. A Reasoning Model Based on the Production of Acceptable Arguments. In Ann. Math. Artif. Intell. 34(1-3): 197-215.
  2. Besnard, P., Hunter, A., 2008. Elements of Argumentation, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
  3. Chesñevar, C., Maguitman, A., Loui, R., 2000. Logical Models of Argument. In ACM Computing Surveys, 32(4), 337-383.
  4. Culo, K., Skendrovic, V., 2012. Communication in the Process of Negotiation. In INFORMATOL, 45(4), 323-327.
  5. Dung, P.M., 1995. On the Acceptability of Arguments and its Fundamental Role in Nonmonotonic Reasoning, Logic Programming and n-Person Games. In Artif. Intell. 77(2): 321-358.
  6. Hadjinikolis, C., Modgil, S., Black, E., McBurney, P., Luck, M., 2012. Investigating Strategic Considerations in Persuasion Dialogue Games. In STAIRS, 137-148.
  7. Jennings, N. R., Parsons, S., Noriega, P., Sierra, C., 1998. On Argumentation-Based Negotiation. In Proc. of the International Workshop on Multi-Agent Systems, Boston, 1-7.
  8. Karacapilidis, N., Papadias, D., 2001. Computer Supported Argumentation and Collaborative Decision Making: the Hermes System. In Information Systems, 26(4), 259-277.
  9. Koit, M., Õim, H., 2014. A Computational Model of Argumentation in Agreement Negotiation Processes. In Argument & Computation, 5 (2-3), 209-236, Taylor & Francis Online.
  10. Koit, M., Roosmaa, T., Õim, H., 2009. Knowledge Representation for Human-Machine Interaction. In Proc. of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development. Jan L.G. Dietz (Ed.), Portugal, INSTICC, 396-399.
  11. Martinich, A. P., 1995. A Hobbes Dictionary. Blackwell.
  12. Rahwan, I., Larson, K., 2011. Logical Mechanism Design. In The Knowledge Engineering Review. 26(1), 61-69.
  13. Rahwan, I., Ramchurn, S.D., Jennings, N.R., Mcburney, P., Parsons, S., Sonenberg, L., 2004. ArgumentationBased Negotiation. In The Knowledge Engineering Review, 18(4), 343-375. Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/S0269888904000098
  14. Scheuer, O., Loll, F., Pinkwart, N., McLaren, B.M., 2010. Computer-Supported Argumentation: A Review of the State of the Art. In Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. DOI 10.1007/s11412-009-9080-x
  15. Yuan, T., Moore, D. , Grierson, A., 2008. A HumanComputer Dialogue System for Educational Debate, A Computational Dialectics Approach. In International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 18(1):3-26.
  16. Wagner, G., 1998. Foundations of Knowledge Systems with Applications to Databases and Agents. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Koit M. and Õim H. (2014). Modelling Debates on the Computer . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2014) ISBN 978-989-758-049-9, pages 361-368. DOI: 10.5220/0005129303610368

in Bibtex Style

author={Mare Koit and Haldur Õim},
title={Modelling Debates on the Computer},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2014)},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development - Volume 1: KEOD, (IC3K 2014)
TI - Modelling Debates on the Computer
SN - 978-989-758-049-9
AU - Koit M.
AU - Õim H.
PY - 2014
SP - 361
EP - 368
DO - 10.5220/0005129303610368