Impact of 24 Systemic Cryotherapy Treatments on the Rheological and Morphological Properties of Blood in Healthy Men

M. Kepinska, Z. Szygula, A. Teleglow, Z. Dabrowski

Abstract

Introduction Cryotherapy and cryostimulation have recently become popular in the prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal system overloads in sports disciplines and sports medicine, as well as in biological regeneration of healthy persons and in increasing the immunity [Szyguła et al 2014]. The aim of this paper was to assess the impact of a series of cryotherapy treatments on the rheological and morphological properties of blood in healthy men. Material and methods The study involved 10 healthy men, students of the University School of Physical Education in Krakow, aged 22.1 ± 2.16. Their average body height was 179.2 ± 6.4 cm, weight 79.6 ± 8.8 kg and BMI 23.4 ± 2.6 kg/m2. The control group consisted of the same persons who had taken part in the project. 24 cryotherapy treatments (3 times a week, every second day) were performed in a special cryogenic chamber at the temperature of about -120°C for 3 minutes in the Małopolskie Centrum Krioterapii in Krakow, Poland. To analyse the morphological properties of blood, the blood was sampled immediately before the first treatment and 24 hours after the last treatment. In the blood one determined the rheological properties (red blood cell deformability) and blood morphology, including the number of leukocytes, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, as well as the mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, the platelet count and the red cell volume distribution width, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides and total protein. The results were analysed using the Student t-test in the Statistica 10 program (StatSoft, Poland), a statistically significant difference p <0.05. Results After 24 hours following the last systemic cryotherapy treatment, one recorded a statistically significant decrease in the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, no changes in the erythrocyte count and an increase in the mean corpuscular volume. One also observed an increase in the mean platelet volume and in the platelet large cell ratio, with no change in the platelet count. One recorded no statistically significant changes in the rheological properties and other morphological indicators of blood All results were within the physiological norms. Conclusions 1. An increase in the mean corpuscular volume may result from an increased number of reticulocytes in the peripheral blood, by erythropoiesis stimulation. 2. Systemic cryotherapy results in small changes in the morphological properties of blood, which stay within the the normal range. The project was financed from the funds of the National Science Centre on the basis of a decision no. DEC-2012/05/N/NZ7/01107.

References

  1. Szygula, Z., Lubkowska, A., Giemza, Cz., Skrzek, A., Bryczkowska, I., Dolegowska, B., 2014.
  2. Hematological Parameters, and Hematopoietic Growth Factors: Epo and IL-3 in Response to Whole-Body Cryostimulation (WBC) in Military Academy Students, PLoS One 9(4): e93096
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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Kepinska M., Szygula Z., Teleglow A. and Dabrowski Z. (2014). Impact of 24 Systemic Cryotherapy Treatments on the Rheological and Morphological Properties of Blood in Healthy Men . In - icSPORTS, ISBN , pages 0-0


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icsports14,
author={M. Kepinska and Z. Szygula and A. Teleglow and Z. Dabrowski},
title={Impact of 24 Systemic Cryotherapy Treatments on the Rheological and Morphological Properties of Blood in Healthy Men},
booktitle={ - icSPORTS,},
year={2014},
pages={},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={},
isbn={},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - - icSPORTS,
TI - Impact of 24 Systemic Cryotherapy Treatments on the Rheological and Morphological Properties of Blood in Healthy Men
SN -
AU - Kepinska M.
AU - Szygula Z.
AU - Teleglow A.
AU - Dabrowski Z.
PY - 2014
SP - 0
EP - 0
DO -