Towards Simulation of Business ProcessesTransforming BPMN Models to Enterprise Dynamics Models

Ralf Schepers, Tobias Minning, Yannik Moog, Ingo J. Timm

Abstract

Due to the ISO 9001 certification and process oriented-organization, many business process models are available at enterprises and public institutions. They are e.g. used for documentation or for introducing processes to new employees. As a de-facto standard notation BPMN “Business Process Model and Notation” is widely used. These process models can support static analyses of business processes. Dynamic analysis, e.g., by simulation is beneficial for in-depth analysis and optimization. However, only few approaches are available to perform simulation on basis of BPMN. In the production engineering domain, process simulation for analysis and optimization is a de-facto standard. In this domain, material flow simulation is a valid method of analysis, planning and construction. In this paper, we discuss the potentials and shortcomings of transforming BPMN models to a material flow simulation model. On the basis of an analysis of BPMN and material flow simulation, we identified requirements for transforming. Four levels of transformation complexity are defined. Furthermore we developed matching relation from BPMN elements to material flow elements. As proof of concept, we implemented the transformation process using Enterprise Dynamics and evaluated its outcome. The benefits and limitations of this approach are discussed in the paper in front of evaluation and related work.

References

  1. Bajwa, I. S., Lee, M. G., and Bordbar, B. (2011). Sbvr business rules generation from natural language specification. In AAAI Spring Symposium: AI for Business Agility. AAAI.
  2. Bellifemine, F., Poggi, A., and Rimassa, G. (1999). JADE - A FIPA-compliant agent framework, pages 97-108. The Practical Application Company Ltd.
  3. Bogon, T., Jessen, U., Lattner, A. D., Paraskevopoulos, D., Schmitz, M., Spieckermann, S., Timm, I. J., and Wenzel, S. (2012). Towards assisted input and output data analysis in manufacturing simulation: The EDASim approach. In Laroque, C., Himmelspach, J., Pasupathy, R., Rose, O., and Uhrmacher, A. M., editors, Winter Simulation Conference (WSC 2012).
  4. Cabral, L., Norton, B., and Domingue, J. (2009). The business process modelling ontology. In Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Semantic Business Process Management, SBPM 7809, pages 9-16, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  5. Cetinkaya, D., Verbraeck, A., and Seck, M. D. (2012). Model transformation from bpmn to devs in the mdd4ms framework. In Wainer, G. A. and Mosterman, P. J., editors, SpringSim (TMS-DEVS), page 28. SCS/ACM.
  6. Chinosi, M. and Trombetta, A. (2012). Bpmn: An introduction to the standard. Computer Standards & Interfaces, 34(1):124-134.
  7. Dijkman, R. M., Dumas, M., and Ouyang, C. (2008). Semantics and analysis of business process models in bpmn. Inf. Softw. Technol., 50(12):1281-1294.
  8. eCH eGov (2013). ech-0073 dokumentation.
  9. Freund, J. and Ruecker, B. (2012). Praxishandbuch BPMN 2.0. Hanser, Mnchen; Wien, dritte edition.
  10. Januszczak, J. and Hook, G. (2011). Simulation standard for business process management. In Simulation Conference (WSC), Proceedings of the 2011 Winter, pages 741-751.
  11. Lattner, A. D., Pitsch, H., Timm, I. J., Spieckermann, S., and Wenzel, S. (2011). Assistsim-towards automation of simulation studies in logistics. SNE, page 119.
  12. L'Ecuyer, P. (1997). Uniform random number generators: A review. In Proceedings of the 29th Conference on Winter Simulation, WSC 7897, pages 127-134, Washington, DC, USA. IEEE Computer Society.
  13. Mueller, C. (2012). Generation of epc based simulation models. In Troitzsch, K. G., Möhring, M., and Lotzmann, U., editors, ECMS, pages 301-305. European Council for Modeling and Simulation.
  14. OMG (2008). Semantics of business vocabulary and business rules (sbvr), v1.0. Technical report, Object Management Group.
  15. OMG (2011). Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN), Version 2.0.
  16. Raedts, I., Petkovic, M., Usenko, Y. S., van der Werf, J. M. E. M., Groote, J. F., and Somers, L. J. (2007). Transformation of bpmn models for behaviour analysis. In Augusto, J. C., Barjis, J., and Ultes-Nitsche, U., editors, MSVVEIS, pages 126-137. INSTICC PRESS.
  17. Rittgen, P. (1998). Prozeßtheorie der Ablaufplanung.: Algebraische Modellierung von Prozessen, Ressourcenrestriktionen und Zeit. Teubner-Reihe Wirtschaftsinformatik. Teubner B.G. GmbH.
  18. Shannon, R. E. (1998). Introduction to the art and science of simulation. In Proceedings of the 30th Conference on Winter Simulation, WSC 7898, pages 7-14, Los Alamitos, CA, USA. IEEE Computer Society Press.
  19. Wenzel, S., Collisi-Böhmer, S., Weiß, M., Rose, O., and Pitsch, H. (2007). Qualitätskriterien für die Simulation in Produktion und Logistik: Planung und Durchführung von Simulationsstudien. (VDI-Buch) Chemische Technik Verfahrenstechnik. Springer.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Schepers R., Minning T., Moog Y. and Timm I. (2014). Towards Simulation of Business ProcessesTransforming BPMN Models to Enterprise Dynamics Models . In Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Business Modeling and Software Design - Volume 1: BMSD, ISBN 978-989-758-032-1, pages 159-165. DOI: 10.5220/0005425501590165


in Bibtex Style

@conference{bmsd14,
author={Ralf Schepers and Tobias Minning and Yannik Moog and Ingo J. Timm},
title={Towards Simulation of Business ProcessesTransforming BPMN Models to Enterprise Dynamics Models},
booktitle={Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Business Modeling and Software Design - Volume 1: BMSD,},
year={2014},
pages={159-165},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005425501590165},
isbn={978-989-758-032-1},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Business Modeling and Software Design - Volume 1: BMSD,
TI - Towards Simulation of Business ProcessesTransforming BPMN Models to Enterprise Dynamics Models
SN - 978-989-758-032-1
AU - Schepers R.
AU - Minning T.
AU - Moog Y.
AU - Timm I.
PY - 2014
SP - 159
EP - 165
DO - 10.5220/0005425501590165