The In-between Machine - The Unique Value Proposition of a Robot or Why we are Modelling the Wrong Things

Johan Hoorn, Elly Konijn, Desmond Germans, Sander Burger, Annemiek Munneke

Abstract

We avow that we as researchers of artificial intelligence may have properly modelled psychological theories but that we overshot our goal when it came to easing loneliness of elderly people by means of social robots. Following the event of a documentary film shot about our flagship machine Hanson’s Robokind “Alice” together with supplementary observations and research results, we changed our position on what to model for usefulness and what to leave to basic science. We formulated a number of effects that a social robot may provoke in lonely people and point at those imperfections in machine performance that seem to be tolerable. We moreover make the point that care offered by humans is not necessarily the most preferred – even when or sometimes exactly because emotional concerns are at stake.

References

  1. Burger, S., 2015. Alice cares, KeyDocs - NCRV. Amsterdam.
  2. De Jager, J., Grijzenhout, A., 2014. In Zora's company, Dit is de Dag. EO: NPO 2. Hilversum. Available at: http://www.npo.nl/artikelen/dit-is-de-dag-geeftbejaarden-zorgrobot.
  3. Fingerman, K. L., 2009. Consequential strangers and peripheral partners: The importance of unimportant relationships. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 1(2), 69-82. doi:10.1111/j.1756-2589.2009. 00010.x.
  4. Hoorn, J. F., 2014. Creative confluence, John Benjamins. Amsterdam, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. Hoorn, J. F., 2012. Epistemics of the virtual, John Benjamins. Amsterdam, Philadelphia, PA.
  6. Hoorn, J. F., Konijn, E. A., Van der Veer, G. C., 2003. Virtual reality: Do not augment realism, augment relevance. Upgrade - Human-Computer Interaction: Overcoming Barriers, 4(1), 18-26.
  7. Hoorn, J. F., Pontier, M. A., Siddiqui, G. F., 2012. Coppélius' concoction: Similarity and complementarity among three affect-related agent models. Cognitive Systems Research, 15-16, 33-49. doi: 10.1016/j.cogsys.2011.04.001.
  8. Killeen, C., 1998. Loneliness: an epidemic in modern society. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 28(4), 762-770.
  9. Kim, E. S., Berkovits, L. D., Bernier, E. P., Leyzberg, D., Shic, F., Paul, R., Scassellati, B., 2013. Social robots as embedded reinforcers of social behavior in children with autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 43(5), 1038-1049.
  10. Konijn, E. A., 2013. The role of emotion in media use and effects. In Dill, K. (Ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Media Psychology (pp. 186-211). Oxford University Press, New York/London.
  11. Konijn, E. A., Walma van der Molen, J. H., Van Nes, S., 2009. Emotions bias perceptions of realism in audiovisual media. Why we may take fiction for real. Discourse Processes, 46, 309-340.
  12. Llargues Asensio, J. M., Peralta, J., Arrabales, R., Gonzalez Bedia, M., Cortez, P., Lopez Peña, A., 2014. Artificial Intelligence approaches for the generation and assessment of believable human-like behaviour in virtual characters. Expert Systems with Applications, 41(16), 7281-7290.
  13. Mori, M., 1970. The uncanny valley, Energy, 7(4), 33-35.
  14. Pontier, M. A., Hoorn, J. F. 2012. Toward machines that behave ethically better than humans do. In N. Miyake, B. Peebles, and R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th International Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, CogSci'12, 2012, Sapporo, Japan (pp. 2198-2203). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
  15. Rubin, Z., 1975. Disclosing oneself to a stranger: Reciprocity and its limits. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 11(3), 233-260. doi:10.1016/S0022-1031(75)80025-4.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Hoorn J., Konijn E., Germans D., Burger S. and Munneke A. (2015). The In-between Machine - The Unique Value Proposition of a Robot or Why we are Modelling the Wrong Things . In Proceedings of the International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART, ISBN 978-989-758-074-1, pages 464-469. DOI: 10.5220/0005251304640469


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icaart15,
author={Johan Hoorn and Elly Konijn and Desmond Germans and Sander Burger and Annemiek Munneke},
title={The In-between Machine - The Unique Value Proposition of a Robot or Why we are Modelling the Wrong Things },
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,},
year={2015},
pages={464-469},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005251304640469},
isbn={978-989-758-074-1},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,
TI - The In-between Machine - The Unique Value Proposition of a Robot or Why we are Modelling the Wrong Things
SN - 978-989-758-074-1
AU - Hoorn J.
AU - Konijn E.
AU - Germans D.
AU - Burger S.
AU - Munneke A.
PY - 2015
SP - 464
EP - 469
DO - 10.5220/0005251304640469