Testing the Validity of Lamberts Law for Micro-scale Photometric Stereo Applied to Paper Substrates

Faisal Azhar, Khemraj Emrith, Stephen Pollard, Melvyn Smith, Guy Adams, Steve Simske

Abstract

This paper presents an empirical study to investigate the use of photometric stereo (PS) for micro-scale 3D measurement of paper samples. PS estimates per-pixel surface orientation from images of a surface captured from the same viewpoint but under different illumination directions. Specifically, we investigate the surface properties of paper to test whether they are sufficiently well approximated by a Lambertian reflectance model to allow veridical surface reconstruction under PS and explore the range of conditions for which this model is valid. We present an empirical setup that is used to conduct a series of experiments in order to analyse the applicability of PS at the micro-scale. In addition, we determine the best 4, 6, and 8 light source tilt (illumination) angles with respect to multi-source micro-scale PS. Furthermore, an intensity based image registration method is used to test the accuracy of the recovery of surface normals. The results demonstrate that at the micro-scale: (a) Lambert model represents well the data sets with low root mean square (RMS) error between the original and reconstructed image, (b) increasing the light sources from 4 to 8 reduces RMS error, and (c) PS can be used to extract veridical surface normals.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Azhar F., Emrith K., Pollard S., Smith M., Adams G. and Simske S. (2015). Testing the Validity of Lamberts Law for Micro-scale Photometric Stereo Applied to Paper Substrates . In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 1: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2015) ISBN 978-989-758-089-5, pages 246-253. DOI: 10.5220/0005359302460253


in Bibtex Style

@conference{visapp15,
author={Faisal Azhar and Khemraj Emrith and Stephen Pollard and Melvyn Smith and Guy Adams and Steve Simske},
title={Testing the Validity of Lamberts Law for Micro-scale Photometric Stereo Applied to Paper Substrates},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 1: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2015)},
year={2015},
pages={246-253},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005359302460253},
isbn={978-989-758-089-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications - Volume 1: VISAPP, (VISIGRAPP 2015)
TI - Testing the Validity of Lamberts Law for Micro-scale Photometric Stereo Applied to Paper Substrates
SN - 978-989-758-089-5
AU - Azhar F.
AU - Emrith K.
AU - Pollard S.
AU - Smith M.
AU - Adams G.
AU - Simske S.
PY - 2015
SP - 246
EP - 253
DO - 10.5220/0005359302460253