Micro Grid Architecture for Line Fault Detection and Isolation

Maneesha Vinodini Ramesh, Neethu Mohan, Aryadevi Remanidevi Devidas

Abstract

One of the major problems power grids system face today is the inability to continuously deliver power at the consumer side. The main reason for this is the occurrence of faults and its long term persistence within the system. This persistence of faults causes the cascading failure of the system, thereby adversely affecting the connected loads. Traditional methods of fault isolation cause the shutdown of power to a large area to maintain the system stability. Today, localization of faults and its isolation is doing manually. Therefore, a localized fault recovery mechanism is very essential to maintain the system’s stability after the occurrence of a fault. In this paper, we have developed fast fault detection and isolation mechanism for single phase to neutral line fault in a three phase islanded micro grid scenario. The fault detection and isolation during the islanded operation mode of a micro grid is very critical, since bidirectional power flow is present. The fault detection mechanism we developed can detect and isolate the fault within a few milliseconds and localize the fault within a two second delay for both in single and bi-directional power flow scenarios. The proposed system is capable of locating the exact faulted segment with the aid of the communication network integrated into the power grid. The implemented system was tested with different ranges of fault current and the analysis showed that the proposed system could localize the fault with less than a two second delay.

References

  1. Jae-Do, Park., Jared, Candelaria., 2013. Fault Detection and Isolation in Low voltage DC- Bus Micro grid System. Power delivery IEEE Transaction on 201328.2 779- 787.
  2. Cheraghi., Goodarz., 2011. Comparison of the Effects of Phase to Ground Faults and Three Phase Faults in a Micro-turbine Generation System. International Review on Modelling & Simulations 4.2.
  3. Buigues, G., Dysko, A., Valverde, V., Zamora, I., & Fernández, E., 2013. Microgrid Protection: Technical challenges and existing techniques. Renew Energy Power, Qual J, 11, 262.
  4. Sanaye-Pasand, M., and H, Khorashadi-Zadeh., 2003. Transmission line fault detection & phase selection using ANN. International Conference on Power Systems Transients-IPST.
  5. Voima., Sampo., Kimmo, Kauhaniemi., and Hannu Laaksonen., 2011. Novel protection approach for MV microgrid. 21st International Conference on Electricity Distribution.
  6. Fateh., Benazir., Manimaran, Govindarasu., and Venkataramana, Ajjarapu., 2013. Wireless network design for transmission line monitoring in smart grid. Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on 4.2:1076-1086.
  7. Fateh., Benazir., Manimaran, Govindarasu., and Venkataramana, Ajjarapu., 2013. Wireless network design for transmission line monitoring in smart grid. Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on 4.2: 1076-1086.
  8. Gungor., Vehbi C., Bin Lu., and Gerhard P. Hancke. 2010. Opportunities and challenges of wireless sensor networks in smart grid. Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on 57.10 (2010): 3557-3564.
  9. Rebekah Hren Brian. 2011. Code Red Notable changes in the 2011 NEC [Online]: Available: http://solarprofessional.com/articles/designinstallation/code-red-notable-changes-in-the-2011-nec.
  10. Rhidolabz. 2014. XBee 1mV chip Antenna series 1 datasheet. [Online]: Available: https://www.sparkfun.com/products/11215.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Vinodini Ramesh M., Mohan N. and Devidas A. (2015). Micro Grid Architecture for Line Fault Detection and Isolation . In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS, ISBN 978-989-758-105-2, pages 250-255. DOI: 10.5220/0005454002500255


in Bibtex Style

@conference{smartgreens15,
author={Maneesha Vinodini Ramesh and Neethu Mohan and Aryadevi Remanidevi Devidas},
title={Micro Grid Architecture for Line Fault Detection and Isolation},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,},
year={2015},
pages={250-255},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005454002500255},
isbn={978-989-758-105-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,
TI - Micro Grid Architecture for Line Fault Detection and Isolation
SN - 978-989-758-105-2
AU - Vinodini Ramesh M.
AU - Mohan N.
AU - Devidas A.
PY - 2015
SP - 250
EP - 255
DO - 10.5220/0005454002500255