A Renewable Source Aware Model for the Charging of Plug-in Electrical Vehicles

Jânio Monteiro, Mário S. Nunes

Abstract

The number of Electric Vehicles is estimated to continuously rise over the next years. While this trend is expected to lead to a reduction in CO2 emission, existing electrical grids have not been planned to support a large number of electrical vehicle’s batteries charging simultaneously. The integration of distributed production using renewable energy sources is seen as a solution to meet the requirements of battery charging. Renewable sources are however affected by variation and lack of predictability, due to the environmental factors they depend on, which are the cause of inefficiencies and mismatches in the required demand-response equilibrium. In these conditions, the model and the associated scheduling algorithms to use in medium to large charging parks play an important role, due to the implications it has in their operational costs and in the maximization of the return of investments made in renewable sources. In this paper we propose and evaluate a charging model that engages users to participate in demand response measures, by giving them the ability of selecting two energy components for the charging of their electrical vehicles, one of which varies according with the variable nature of renewable sources. Based in this model we propose one scheduling algorithm and compare it with several other solutions, demonstrating that the proposed solution is able of achieving a significant cost reduction with significant low computational complexity and processing times, while achieving a high ratio of renewable energy usage.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Monteiro J. and Nunes M. (2015). A Renewable Source Aware Model for the Charging of Plug-in Electrical Vehicles . In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS, ISBN 978-989-758-109-0, pages 51-58. DOI: 10.5220/0005459000510058


in Bibtex Style

@conference{vehits15,
author={Jânio Monteiro and Mário S. Nunes},
title={A Renewable Source Aware Model for the Charging of Plug-in Electrical Vehicles},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,},
year={2015},
pages={51-58},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005459000510058},
isbn={978-989-758-109-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,
TI - A Renewable Source Aware Model for the Charging of Plug-in Electrical Vehicles
SN - 978-989-758-109-0
AU - Monteiro J.
AU - Nunes M.
PY - 2015
SP - 51
EP - 58
DO - 10.5220/0005459000510058