Smart Cities - An Architectural Approach

André Duarte, Carlos Oliveira, Jorge Bernardino

Abstract

Smart cities are usually defined as modern cities with smooth information processes, facilitation mechanisms for creativity and innovativeness, and smart and sustainable solutions promoted through service platforms. With the objective of improving citizen’s quality of life and quickly and efficiently make informed decisions, authorities try to monitor all information of city systems. Smart cities provide the integration of all systems in the city via a centralized command centre, which provides a holistic view of it. As smart cities emerge, old systems already in place are trying to evolve to become smarter, although these systems have many specific needs that need to be attended. With the intent to suit the needs of specific systems the focus of this work is to gather viable information that leads to analyse and, present solutions to address their current shortcomings. In order to understand the most scalable, adaptable and interoperable architecture for the problem, existing architectures will be analysed as well as the algorithms that make them work. To this end, we propose a new architecture to smart cities.

References

  1. Alazawi, Z., Alani, O., Abdljabar, M. B., Altowaijri, S., and Mehmood, R.. 2014. A smart disaster management system for future cities. In Proceedings of the 2014 ACM international workshop on Wireless and mobile technologies for smart cities (WiMobCity 7814).
  2. Albtoush R., Dobrescu R., Ionescou F., (2011) A Hierarchical Model for Emergency Management Systems.
  3. Amsterdam Smart City, (2014). [online] Available at: http://amsterdamsmartcity.com/?lang=en.
  4. Anttiroiko, A., Valkama, P. and Bailey, S. J., (2014). Smart cities in the new service economy: building platforms for smart services. AI Soc. 29(3): 323-334
  5. Apache Hadoop, (2014). [online] Available at: http://hadoop.apache.com.
  6. Apache Storm, (2014). [online] Available at: http://storm.apache.com.
  7. Aurigi, A. (2005) Making the digital city. The early shaping of urban internet space. Ashgate, Aldershot
  8. Barcelona Open Cities Challenge, (2014). [online] Available at: http://opencities.net/barcelona.
  9. Benkhelifa, I., Nouali-Taboudjemat, N. and Moussaoui, S. (2014). Disaster Management Projects Using Wireless Sensor Networks: An Overview. 2014 28th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops.
  10. Carillo FJ (ed) (2006) Knowledge cities. Approaches, experiences, and perspectives. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  11. Cecchinel, C.; Jimenez, M.; Mosser, S.; Riveill, M., (2014). An Architecture to Support the Collection of Big Data in the Internet of Things Services (SERVICES).
  12. Chen, C., Fu, J., Sung, T., Wang, P., Jou, E. and Feng, M. (2014). Complex event processing for the Internet of Things and its applications. 2014 IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (CASE).
  13. Chourabi, H., Nam, T., Walker, S., Gil-Garcia, J., Mellouli, S., Nahon, K., Pardo, T. and Scholl, H. (2012). Understanding Smart Cities: An Integrative Framework. 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.
  14. Description of implemented IoT services, (2014). [online] Available at: http://smartsantander.eu/downloads/ Deliverables/D4.2.pdf.
  15. European Network of Living Labs, (2014). [online] Available at: http://www.openlivinglabs.eu/
  16. Feng, Y. and Lee, C. (2010). Exploring Development of Service-Oriented Architecture for Next Generation Emergency Management System.2010 IEEE 24th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops.
  17. Forum Virium Helsinki, (2014). [online] Available at: http://forumvirium.fi/en
  18. Friess, P. and Vermesan, O., Internet of Things: Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems. Aalborg, Denmark: River Publishers, 2013.
  19. Gu, L. and Li, H., "Memory or Time: Performance Evaluation for Iterative Operation on Hadoop and Spark," High Performance Computing and Communications & 2013 IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing (HPCC_EUC), 2013 IEEE 10th International Conference on, vol., no., pp.721,727, 13-15 Nov. 2013.
  20. Hollands RG (2008) Will the real smart city please stand up? Intelligent, progressive or entrepreneurial? City 12(3):303-320
  21. Jara, A.J.; Genoud, D.; Bocchi, Y., "Big Data in Smart Cities: From Poisson to Human Dynamics," Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (WAINA), 2014 28th International Conference on, vol., no., pp.785,790, 13-16 May 2014 doi: 10.1109/WAINA.2014.165
  22. Komninos N (2002) Intelligent cities. Innovation knowledge systems and digital spaces. Spon Press, London
  23. Lambda Architecture, (2014). [online] Available at: http://lambda-architecture.net/
  24. Ordille, J., Tendick, P. and Yang, Q. (2009). Publishsubscribe services for urgent and emergency response. Proceedings of the Fourth International ICST Conference on COMmunication System softWAre and middlewaRE - COMSWARE 7809.
  25. Piro G., Cianci I., Grieco L. A., Boggia G., and Camarda, P. 2014. Information centric services in Smart Cities. J. Syst. Softw. 88
  26. Radianti, J., Gonzalez, J. and Granmo, O. (2014). Publishsubscribe smartphone sensing platform for the acute phase of a disaster: A framework for emergency management support. 2014 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communication Workshops (PERCOM WORKSHOPS).
  27. Santander Facility, (2014). [online] Available at: http://www.smartsantander.eu/index.php/testbeds/item /132-santander-summary
  28. Toshniwal A., Taneja, S., Shukla, A., Ramasamy, K., Patel, J. M., Kulkarni, S., Jackson, J., Gade, K., Fu, M., Donham, J., Bhagat, N., Mittal, S., and Ryaboy, D., Storm@twitter. In Proceedings of the 2014 ACM SIGMOD international conference on Management of data (SIGMOD 7814).
  29. Vakali, A., Anthopoulos, L. and Krco, S. (2014). Smart Cities Data Streams Integration. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics (WIMS14) - WIMS 7814.
  30. Wan, J., Li, D., Zou, C. and Zhou, K. (2012). M2M Communications for Smart City: An Event-Based Architecture. 2012 IEEE 12th International Conference on Computer and Information Technology.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Duarte A., Oliveira C. and Bernardino J. (2015). Smart Cities - An Architectural Approach . In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS, ISBN 978-989-758-097-0, pages 563-573. DOI: 10.5220/0005463105630573


in Bibtex Style

@conference{iceis15,
author={André Duarte and Carlos Oliveira and Jorge Bernardino},
title={Smart Cities - An Architectural Approach},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,},
year={2015},
pages={563-573},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005463105630573},
isbn={978-989-758-097-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 2: ICEIS,
TI - Smart Cities - An Architectural Approach
SN - 978-989-758-097-0
AU - Duarte A.
AU - Oliveira C.
AU - Bernardino J.
PY - 2015
SP - 563
EP - 573
DO - 10.5220/0005463105630573