Challenges of Task-based Language Teaching in Online and Blended Learning Contexts

John Iveson

Abstract

Task-based language teaching (TBLT) is a widely applied approach in second language education. The benefits and challenges of TBLT have been debated over the past thirty years. The advent of technology enhanced learning (TEL) and the use of TBLT in online and blended contexts have revealed further benefits and challenges with this approach. This study briefly summarises the historical background of TBLT, common approaches to TBLT and definitions of tasks. The paper then reviews recent literature relating to TBLT and TEL with specific reference to challenges involving student participation, negotiated meaning and focus on form. The study argues for a comprehensive reassessment of TBLT frameworks in order to address technology related challenges of the TBLT approach.

References

  1. Abrams, ZI. (2003) The effect of synchronous and asynchronous CMC on oral performance in German. The Modern Language Journal. 87 (2). pp. 157-167.
  2. Blake, R. (2000) Computer mediated communication: A window on L2 Spanish interlanguage. Language Learning and Technology. 4 (1). pp. 120-136.
  3. Breen, M. (1987) Learner contributions to task design. Language learning tasks. 7. pp. 23-46.
  4. Burrows, C. (2008) An evaluation of task-based learning (TBL) in the Japanese classroom. English Today. 24 (4). pp. 11-16.
  5. Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks. (2012) CLB support kit. Ottawa, ON.
  6. Carless, D. (2007) The suitability of task-based approaches for secondary schools: Perspectives from Hong Kong. System. 35, (4) pp. 595-608.
  7. Chun, DM. (1994) Using computer networking to facilitate the acquisition of interactive competence. System. 22 (1). pp. 17-31.
  8. Collentine K. (2009) Learner use of holistic language units in multimodal, task-based synchronous computermediated communication. Language Learning and Technology. 13 (2). pp. 68-87.
  9. Demir, A. (2008) The influence of task-based reading activities on EFL learners' attitude and learning outcomes from the students' perspective (Unpublished master's thesis). Adana, Cukurova University.
  10. Ellis, R. (2003) Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford University Press, pp. 5-16.
  11. Ellis, R. (2009) Task based language teaching: sorting out the misunderstandings. International Journal of Applied Linguistics. 19 (3). pp. 221-246.
  12. Hampel, R. and Hauck, M. (2004) Towards an effective use of audio conferencing in distance language courses. Language Learning and Technology. 8 (1). pp. 66-82.
  13. Hatip, F. (2005) Task-based language learning. [Online] Available from: http://www.yde.yildiz.edu.tr/uddo/belgeler/inca-Funda Hatip-TBL.htm. [Accessed: November 19th, 2014].
  14. Hismanoglu, M. and Hismanoglu S. (2011) Task-based language teaching: What every EFL teacher should do. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 15. pp. 46- 52.
  15. Lai, C. and Li, G. (2011) Technology and task-based language teaching: A critical review. CALICO Journal. 28 (2). pp. 498-521.
  16. Lai, C. and Zhao, Y. 2006 Noticing and text-based chat. Language Learning and Technology. 10 (3). pp. 102- 120.
  17. Lai, C., Zhao, Y. and Wang, J. (2011) Task Based Language Teaching in Online Ab Initio Foreign Language Classrooms. The Modern Language Journal. 95(Supplement 1). pp. 81-103.
  18. Lantolf, JP. (2000) Second language learning as a mediated process. Language teaching. 33 (2). pp. 79- 96.
  19. Leaver, BL., and Kaplan, MA. (2004) Task-based instruction in US government Slavic language programs. Task-based instruction in foreign language education: Practices and programs. pp. 47-66.
  20. Lee, L. (2002) Enhancing Learners' Communication Skills through Synchronous Electronic Interaction and Task Based Instruction. Foreign Language Annals. 35 (1). pp. 16-24.
  21. Levelt, WJM. (1989) Speaking: From intention to articulation. Bradford, Cambridge, MA.
  22. Long, MH. (1985) A role for instruction in second language acquisition: Task-based language teaching. Modelling and assessing second language acquisition. 18. pp. 77-99.
  23. Long, MH. (1991) Focus on form: A design feature in language teaching methodology. Foreign language research in cross-cultural perspective. 2. pp. 39-52.
  24. Lopes, J. (2004) Introducing TBI for teaching English in Brazil: Learning how to leap the hurdles. Task-based instruction in foreign language education. Practices and programs. pp.83-95.
  25. Lyster, R., and Ranta, L. (1997) Corrective feedback and learner uptake. Studies in second language acquisition. 19 (1). pp. 37-66.
  26. Mackey, A., Gass, S., and McDonough, K. (2000) How do learners perceive interactional feedback?. Studies in Second Language Acquisition. 22 (4). pp. 471-497.
  27. McDonough, K., and Chaikitmongkol, W. (2007) Teachers' and Learners' Reactions to a Task Based EFL Course in Thailand. Tesol Quarterly. 41(1). pp. 107-132.
  28. Nunan, D. (2004) An introduction to Task Based Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  29. Ohta, AS. (2000) Rethinking interaction in SLA: Developmentally appropriate assistance in the zone of proximal development and the acquisition of L2 grammar. Sociocultural theory and second language learning. 4. pp. 51-78.
  30. Prabhu, NS. (1987) Second language pedagogy. 20. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  31. Rahimpour, M. (2008) Implementation of task-based approaches to language teaching. Pazhuhesh-eZabanha-ye Khareji Journal. pp. 45-61.
  32. Richards, JC. (2005) Communicative language teaching today (RELC portfolio Series 13). Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre.
  33. Richards, J., Platt, J. and Weber, H. (1985) Longman Dictionary of Applied Linguistics. London: Longman.
  34. Roebuck, R. (2000) Subjects speak out: How learners position themselves in a psycholinguistic task. Sociocultural theory and second language learning. pp.79-95.
  35. Ruso, N. (2007) The influence of task based learning on EFL Classrooms, EFL Journal.18. pp. 1-23.
  36. Samuda, V., and Bygate, M. (2008) Tasks in second language learning. Palgrave Macmillan.
  37. Schmidt, RW. (1990) The Role of Consciousness in Second Language Learning. Applied linguistics. 11 (2).pp. 129-158.
  38. Shekary, M., and Tahririan, MH. (2006) Negotiation of meaning and noticing in text based online chat. The Modern Language Journal. 90 (4). pp. 557-573.
  39. Skehan, P. (1998a) A Cognitive Approach to Language Learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  40. Skehan, P. (1998b) Task-based instruction. Annual review of applied linguistics. 18. pp. 268-286.
  41. Slimani, A. (1989) The role of topicalization in classroom language learning. System. 17 (2). pp. 223-234.
  42. Smith, B. (2004) Computer-mediated negotiated interaction and lexical acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition. 26 (3). pp. 365-398.
  43. Storch, N. (2002) Patterns of interaction in ESL pair work. Language learning. 52 (1).pp. 119-158.
  44. Swain, M. (2001) Examining dialogue: Another approach to content specification and to validating inferences drawn from test scores. Language testing. 18 (3). pp. 275-302.
  45. Van den Branden, K. (2006) Task-based language education: from theory to practice. Cambridge University Press.
  46. VanPatten, B. (1996) Input processing and grammar instruction in second language acquisition. Greenwood Publishing Group.
  47. Willis, B. (1996) A framework for task-based learning. Harlow: Addison Wesley Longman.
  48. Woodward, T. (1996) Paradigm shift and the language teaching profession. In WILLIS, J. and WILLIS, D. (eds.). Challenge and change in language teaching.
  49. Yilmaz, Y., and Granena, G. (2010) The effects of task type in synchronous computer-mediated communication. ReCALL. 22 (1). pp. 20-38.
  50. Yu, L., and Zeng, G. (2011) Managing CMC-based Task through Text-based Dialogue: An Exploratory Study in a Chinese EFL Context. English Language Teaching. 4 (4). pp. 221-223.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Iveson J. (2015). Challenges of Task-based Language Teaching in Online and Blended Learning Contexts . In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-758-108-3, pages 277-282. DOI: 10.5220/0005474802770282


in Bibtex Style

@conference{csedu15,
author={John Iveson},
title={Challenges of Task-based Language Teaching in Online and Blended Learning Contexts},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,},
year={2015},
pages={277-282},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005474802770282},
isbn={978-989-758-108-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,
TI - Challenges of Task-based Language Teaching in Online and Blended Learning Contexts
SN - 978-989-758-108-3
AU - Iveson J.
PY - 2015
SP - 277
EP - 282
DO - 10.5220/0005474802770282