Collaborative and Individual Learning - Mixing the Two

Richard Alterman, Kendall Harsch

Abstract

What is the right mix of individual and collaborative learning? This position paper will explore how online platforms can mix the two approaches, addressing problems inherent to each while increasing the learning. Approaches to collaborative learning can be differentiated by the type of coordination that is required, either tight or loose (Alterman and Larusson, 2013). Tightly coordinated learning tends to be more collaborative and loosely coordinated activities have more of an individual orientation. Modifying platforms of either extreme can achieve better balance between the individual and collaborative features of a learning activity. Heuristics are presented that support these kinds of transformations; blog and wiki-based platforms are used to ground the discussion. Also considered is the sequence of learning and how mixed platforms better prepare students for future learning.

References

  1. Altanopoulou, P., Katsanos, C., and Tselios, N. (2014). Effectiveness of wiki-based learning in higher education. In Research on e-Learning and ICT in Education, pages 137-147. Springer.
  2. Alterman, R. and Gunnarsson, B. (2013). The blogosphere as representational space. In Proceedings of the 2013 conference on Computer support for collaborative learning. International Society of the Learning Sciences.
  3. Alterman, R. and Larusson, J. A. (2013). Participation and common knowledge in a case study of student blogging. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 8(2):149-187.
  4. Antin, J. and Churchill, E. F. (2011). Badges in social media: A social psychological perspective. In CHI 2011 Gamification Workshop Proceedings (Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2011).
  5. Baker, M., Hansen, T., Joiner, R., and Traum, D. (1999). The role of grounding in collaborative learning tasks. Collaborative learning: Cognitive and computational approaches, pages 31-63.
  6. Bielaczyc, K. and Collins, A. (1999). Learning communities in classrooms: A reconceptualization of educational practice. Instructional-design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory, 2:269-292.
  7. Bientzle, M., Cress, U., and Kimmerle, J. (2014). The role of inconsistencies in collaborative knowledge construction. In Proceedings of ICLS, pages 102-109.
  8. Bruckman, A. (1998). Community support for constructionist learning. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), 7(1):47-86.
  9. Cameron, D. and Anderson, T. (2006). Comparing weblogs to threaded discussion tools in online educational contexts. International journal of instructional technology and distance learning, 2(11):3-15.
  10. Capdeferro, N. and Romero, M. (2012). Are online learners frustrated with collaborative learning experiences? The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(2):26-44.
  11. Cole, M. and Engeström, Y. (1993). A cultural-historical approach to distributed cognition. In Salomon, G., editor, Distributed cognitions: Psychological and educational considerations. The Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  12. Collins, A. and Brown, J. (1988). The Computer as a Tool for Learning through Reflection. In Mandl, H. and Lesgold, A., editors, Learning Issues for Intelligent Tutoring Systems, pages 1-18. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.
  13. De Wever, B., Van Keer, H., Schellens, T., and Valcke, M. (2011). Assessing collaboration in a wiki: The reliability of university students' peer assessment. The Internet and Higher Education, 14(4):201-206.
  14. Deng, L. and Yuen, A. (2011). Towards a framework for educational affordances of blogs. Computers & Education, 56(2):441-451.
  15. Dillenbourg, P. (1999). What do you mean by collaborative learning? In Dillenbourg, P., editor, Collaborative Learning: Cognitive and Computational Approaches. Advances in Learning and Instruction Series., pages 1-19. Elsevier Science.
  16. Ferdig, R. and Trammell, K. (2004). Content Delivery in the'Blogosphere'. Technological Horizons In Education, 31(7):12-16.
  17. Forte, A. and Bruckman, A. (2006). From Wikipedia to the classroom: exploring online publication and learning. In ICLS, pages 182-188.
  18. Gagné, R. M. (1973). Learning and instructional sequence. Review of research in education, pages 3-33.
  19. Gunnarsson, B. L. and Alterman, R. (2013). Understanding promotions in a case study of student blogging. In LAK, pages 57-65. ACM.
  20. Gunnarsson, B. L. and Alterman, R. (2014). Peer promotions as a method to identify quality content. Journal of Learning Analytics, 1(2):126-150.
  21. Guzdial, M. and Turns, J. (2000). Effective discussion through a computer-mediated anchored forum. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 9(4):437-469.
  22. Kagan, S. (1989). The structural approach to cooperative learning. Educational Leadership, 47(4):12-15.
  23. Kaptelinin, V. and Nardi, B. (2006). Activity theory in a nutshell. Acting with technology: Activity Theory and interaction design, pages 29-72.
  24. Koschmann, T. (2002). Dewey's contribution to the foundations of cscl research. In CSCL conference, pages 17-22.
  25. Kriplean, T., Beschastnikh, I., and McDonald, D. (2008). Articulations of wikiwork: uncovering valued work in wikipedia through barnstars. In CSCL conference, pages 47-56. ACM New York, NY, USA.
  26. Larusson, J. and Alterman, R. (2009). Wikis to support the “collaborative” part of collaborative learning. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 4(4):371-402.
  27. Leuf, B. and Cunningham, W. (2001). The Wiki way: quick collaboration on the Web. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc. Boston, MA, USA.
  28. Li, M. and Lam, B. (2005). Cooperative learning. Retrieved September, 25:2013.
  29. Ludvigsen, S., Stahl, G., Law, N., and Cress, U. (2015). Collaboration and the formation of new knowledge artifacts. International Journal of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, 10(1):1-6.
  30. Pea, R. D. (2004). The social and technological dimensions of scaffolding and related theoretical concepts for learning, education, and human activity. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 13(3):423-451.
  31. Sarmiento, J. W. and Stahl, G. (2008). Extending the joint problem space: Time and sequence as essential features of knowledge building. In ICLS, pages 295-302. International Society of the Learning Sciences.
  32. Scardamalia, M. and Bereiter, C. (1994). Computer support for knowledge-building communities. Journal of the learning sciences, 3(3):265-283.
  33. Scheuer, O., Loll, F., Pinkwart, N., and McLaren, B. (2010). Computer-supported argumentation: A review of the state of the art. International Journal of ComputerSupported Collaborative Learning, 5(1):43-102.
  34. Slavin, R. E., Hurley, E. A., and Chamberlain, A. (2003). Cooperative learning and achievement: Theory and research. Handbook of psychology.
  35. Stahl, G. (2006). Group cognition: Computer support for building collaborative knowledge. MIT Press.
  36. Stahl, G., Zhou, N., Cakir, M., and Sarmiento-Klapper, J. (2011). Seeing what we mean: Co-experiencing a shared virtual world. In CSCL.
  37. Suthers, D. (2006). Technology affordances for intersubjective meaning making: A research agenda for cscl. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 1(3):315-337.
  38. Teasley, S. and Roschelle, J. (1993). The construction of shared knowledge in collaborative problem solving. Computers as cognitive tools, pages 229-258.
  39. Vygotsky, L. S. (1980). Mind in society. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
  40. Welser, H. T., Cosley, D., Kossinets, G., Lin, A., Dokshin, F., Gay, G., and Smith, M. (2011). Finding social roles in wikipedia. In Proceedings of the 2011 iConference, pages 122-129. ACM.
  41. West, J. A. and West, M. L. (2008). Using wikis for online collaboration: The power of the read-write web, volume 15. John Wiley & Sons.
  42. Wichmann, A. and Rummel, N. (2013). Improving revision in wiki-based writing: Coordination pays off. Computers & Education, 62:262-270.
  43. Williams, J. and Jacobs, J. (2004). Exploring the use of blogs as learning spaces in the higher education sector. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 20(2):232-247.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Alterman R. and Harsch K. (2015). Collaborative and Individual Learning - Mixing the Two . In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-758-107-6, pages 411-417. DOI: 10.5220/0005476504110417


in Bibtex Style

@conference{csedu15,
author={Richard Alterman and Kendall Harsch},
title={Collaborative and Individual Learning - Mixing the Two},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,},
year={2015},
pages={411-417},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005476504110417},
isbn={978-989-758-107-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,
TI - Collaborative and Individual Learning - Mixing the Two
SN - 978-989-758-107-6
AU - Alterman R.
AU - Harsch K.
PY - 2015
SP - 411
EP - 417
DO - 10.5220/0005476504110417