Safety First? - V2X – Percived Benefits, Barriers and Trade-offs of Automated Driving

Teresa Schmidt, Ralf Philipsen, Martina Ziefle


Today, we are on the edge of increasing population and urbanization with an increasing portion of older people. These far-reaching societal developments necessitate novel mobility infrastructure concepts, in which a diverse population and a higher population density are considered. Safety in traffic situations is one of the most important and needs to be taken into account. A highly potent approach is to combine in-vehicle systems and vehicle sensors. Whereby the public perception and user acceptance of V2X-technology in general is insufficiently explored. Using a two-tier approach, in which both qualitative and quantitative data are combined, this research gains insights into human perceptions of V2X-technology, plausible trade-offs and basic fears. Results show safety as an important factor which should be included in further future research.


  1. Ardelt, M., Coester, C., and Kaempchen, N., 2012. Highly automated driving on freeways in real traffic using a probabilistic framework. In Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on. Vol. 13(4), pp. 1576- 1585.
  2. Beier, G., 1999. Kontrollüberzeugungen im Umgang mit Technik [Locus of control when interacting with technology]. In Report Psychologie, Vol. 24(9), pp. 684-693.
  3. Costeseque, G., and Lebacque, J. P., 2015. Multianticipative Car-Following Behaviour: Macroscopic Modeling. In Traffic and Granular Flow'13, Springer International Publishing, pp. 395-405.
  4. Dickerson, A. E., Molnar, L. J., Eby, D. W., Adler, G., Bedard, M., Berg-Weger, M., and Trujillo, L., 2007. Transportation and aging: A research agenda for advancing safe mobility. The Gerontologist, Vol. 47(5), pp. 578-590.
  5. Endsley, M. R., Rodgers, M. D., 1994. Situation awareness information requirements analysis for en route air traffic control. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting SAGE Publications, Vol. 38(1), pp. 71-75.
  6. Endsley, M. R., and Garland, D. J. (Eds.)., 2000. Situation awareness analysis and measurement. CRC Press.
  7. European Commission, 2006. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, Brussels.
  8. Kato, S., Tsugawa, S., Tokuda, K., Matsui, T., and Fujii, H., 2002. Vehicle control algorithms for cooperative driving with automated vehicles and intervehicle communications. In Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 3(3), 155-161.
  9. Le, L., Festag, A., Baldessari, R., Zhang, W., 2009. V2X Communication and Intersection Safety. In Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications, VDI-Buch, pp. 97-107.
  10. Lefevre, S., Petit, J., Bajcsy, R., Laugier, C., and Kargl, F., 2013. Impact of v2x privacy strategies on intersection collision avoidance systems. In IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference, Bosten, United States.
  11. Ma, Z., Kargl, F., and Weber, M., 2009. A location privacy metric for v2x communication systems. In Sarnoff Symposium, SARNOFF'09. IEEE, pp. 1-6.
  12. Merat, N., and Jamson, A. H., 2009. How do drivers behave in a highly automated car. In Proceedings of the 5th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, pp. 514-521.
  13. Merat, N., Jamson, A. H., Lai, F. C., and Carsten, O., 2012a. Highly automated driving, secondary task performance, and driver state. In Human Factors, Vol. 54(5), pp.762-771.
  14. Merat, N., and Lee, J. D., 2012b. Preface to the special section on human factors and automation in vehicles designing highly automated vehicles with the driver in mind. In Human Factors, Vol. 54(5), pp.681-686.
  15. Picone, M., Busanelli, S., Amoretti, M., Zanichelli, F., and Ferrari, G., 2015. Advanced Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems. In Intelligent Systems Reference Library, Vol. 139. Springer International Publishing AG.
  16. Rakotonirainy, A., Schroeter, R., and Soro, A., 2014. Three social car visions to improve driver behaviour. In Pervasive and Mobile Computing, Vol. 14, pp.147- 160.
  17. Schmidt, T., Philipsen, R., and Ziefle, M., 2015. From V2X to control2trust - Why trust and control are major attributes in vehicle2x technologies. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction 2015, Springer.
  18. SIM TD, 2013. „TP5-Abschlussbericht - Teil B-2 Nutzerakzeptanz, IT-Sicherheit, Datenschutz und Schutz der Privatsphäre“ URL: index.dhtml/ publications/ Projektergebnisse/simTD-TP5-Abschlussbericht_Teil_B-2_Nutzerakzeptanz_V10.pdf.
  19. Trivisonno, R., Guerzoni, R., Vaishnavi, I., and Soldani, D., 2015. SDN based 5G mobile networks: architecture, functions, procedures and backward compatibility. In Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, Vol. 26(1), pp. 82- 92.
  20. United Nations, 2012. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs/Population Division. United Nations. New York.
  21. van Driel, C., 2007. Driver support in congestion - An assessment of user needs and impacts on driver and traffic flow. TRAIL Thesis Series, T2007/10, TRAIL Research School, Netherlands.
  22. Wedel, J. W., Schuenemann, B., and Radusch, I., 2009. V2X-based traffic congestion recognition and avoidance. In Parallel Architectures, Algorithms, and Networks (ISPAN), 10th International Symposium on Pervasive Systems, Algorithms, and Networks. IEEE Computer Society, pp. 637-641.
  23. Weiß, C., 2011. V2X communication in Europe-From research projects towards standardization and field testing of vehicle communication technology. In Computer Networks, Vol. 55(14), pp.3103-3119.
  24. Ziefle, M.; Beul-Leusmann, S.; Kasugai, K. andSchwalm, M. 2014. Public perception and acceptance of electric vehicles. In A. Marcus (Ed.): DUXU 2014, PART III: Design, User Experience, and Usability. LNCS 8519, pp. 628-639, Springer.
  25. Ziefle, M. and Schaar, A.K., 2011. Gender differences in acceptance and attitudes towards an invasive medical stent. Electronic. In Journal of Health Informatics, Vol. 6 (2), e13, pp. 1-18.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Schmidt T., Philipsen R. and Ziefle M. (2015). Safety First? - V2X – Percived Benefits, Barriers and Trade-offs of Automated Driving . In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS, ISBN 978-989-758-109-0, pages 39-46. DOI: 10.5220/0005487800390046

in Bibtex Style

author={Teresa Schmidt and Ralf Philipsen and Martina Ziefle},
title={Safety First? - V2X – Percived Benefits, Barriers and Trade-offs of Automated Driving},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,
TI - Safety First? - V2X – Percived Benefits, Barriers and Trade-offs of Automated Driving
SN - 978-989-758-109-0
AU - Schmidt T.
AU - Philipsen R.
AU - Ziefle M.
PY - 2015
SP - 39
EP - 46
DO - 10.5220/0005487800390046