Commercial Buildings Energy Performance within Context - Occupants in Spotlight

Sanja Lazarova-Molnar, Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard, Hamid Reza Shaker, Bo Nørregaard Jørgensen

Abstract

Existing commercial buildings represent a challenge in the energy efficiency domain. Energy efficiency of a building, very often equalized to a building’s performance should not be observed as a standalone issue. For commercial buildings, energy efficiency needs to be observed and assessed within the context of performance of resident businesses. We examine both business performance and energy performance and how they relate to one another to conclude that building occupants, who are also employees, hold the key to optimizing both metrics in one of the most cost-efficient ways. Finally, the goal of our contribution is twofold: 1) to re-scope the concept of building performance to and show the importance to consider, hand-in-hand, both energy performance and performance of resident businesses, and 2) re-state the importance of the potential that lies in the active involvement of building occupants in optimizing overall building performance.

References

  1. Akimoto, Takashi, Shin-ichi Tanabe, Takashi Yanai, and Masato Sasaki. 2010. 'Thermal comfort and productivity-Evaluation of workplace environment in a task conditioned office', Building and environment, 45: 45-50.
  2. Andrews, Clinton J, Daniel Yi, Uta Krogmann, Jennifer A Senick, and Richard E Wener. 2011. 'Designing buildings for real occupants: An agent-based approach', Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on, 41: 1077-91.
  3. Arbuthnott, Katherine D. 2009. 'Education for sustainable development beyond attitude change', International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 10: 152-63.
  4. Armitage, Lynne, and Ann Murugan. 2013. 'The human green office experience: Happy and healthy or sick and frustrated?78, The Australian and New Zealand Property Journal, 4: 35.
  5. Attia, Shady, Mohamed Hamdy, William O'Brien, and Salvatore Carlucci. 2013. 'Assessing gaps and needs for integrating building performance optimization tools in net zero energy buildings design', Energy and Buildings, 60: 110-24.
  6. Azar, Elie, and Carol C Menassa. 2011. 'Agent-based modeling of occupants and their impact on energy use in commercial buildings', Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, 26: 506-18.
  7. Berge, Bjorn. 2009. The ecology of building materials (Routledge).
  8. Carrico, Amanda R, and Manuel Riemer. 2011. 'Motivating energy conservation in the workplace: An evaluation of the use of group-level feedback and peer education', Journal of environmental psychology, 31: 1-13.
  9. Cohen, Robert, Mark Standeven, Bill Bordass, and Adrian Leaman. 2001. 'Assessing building performance in use 1: the Probe process', Building Research & Information, 29: 85-102.
  10. Costa, Andrea, Marcus M Keane, J Ignacio Torrens, and Edward Corry. 2013. 'Building operation and energy performance: Monitoring, analysis and optimisation toolkit', Applied Energy, 101: 310-16.
  11. Danov, S, J Carbonell, J Cipriano, and J Martí-Herrero. 2013. 'Approaches to evaluate building energy performance from daily consumption data considering dynamic and solar gain effects', Energy and Buildings, 57: 110-18.
  12. De Wilde, Pieter. 2014. 'The gap between predicted and measured energy performance of buildings: A framework for investigation', Automation in Construction, 41: 40-49.
  13. Douglas, James. 1996. 'Building performance and its relevance to facilities management', Facilities, 14: 23- 32.
  14. Ehrhardt-Martinez, Karen, and Skip Laitner. 2010. "People Centered Initiatives for Increasing Energy Savings." In.: American Council for an EnergyEfficient Economy Washington, DC.
  15. Fisk, William J. 2000. 'Health and productivity gains from better indoor environments and their relationship with building energy efficiency', Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 25: 537-66.
  16. Hall, Samantha. 2014. 'Development and initial trial of a tool to enable improved energy & human performance in existing commercial buildings', Renewable Energy, 67: 109-18.
  17. Hedge, Alan, WILLIAM R SIMS JR, and Franklin D Becker. 1995. 'Effects of lensed-indirect and parabolic lighting on the satisfaction, visual health, and productivity of office workers', Ergonomics, 38: 260- 90.
  18. Iyer, Shiva R., Venkatesh Sarangan, Arunchandar Vasan, and Anand Sivasubramaniam. 2013. "Watts in the basket?: Energy Analysis of a Retail Chain." In Proceedings of the 5th ACM Workshop on Embedded Systems For Energy-Efficient Buildings, 1-8. Roma, Italy: ACM.
  19. Jain, Rishee K, John E Taylor, and Patricia J Culligan. 2013. 'Investigating the impact eco-feedback information representation has on building occupant energy consumption behavior and savings', Energy and Buildings, 64: 408-14.
  20. Kamaruzzaman, SN, and NA Sabrani. 2011. 'The effect of indoor air quality (IAQ) towards occupants' psychological performance in office buildings', Journal Design+ Built, 4.
  21. Krioukov, Andrew, and David Culler. 2012. "Personal building controls." In Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, 157-58. ACM.
  22. Leblebici, Demet. 2012. 'Impact of workplace quality on employee's productivity: case study of a bank in turkey', Journal of Business Economics and Finance, 1: 38-49.
  23. Ma, Zhenjun, Paul Cooper, Daniel Daly, and Laia Ledo. 2012. 'Existing building retrofits: Methodology and state-of-the-art', Energy and buildings, 55: 889-902.
  24. Masoso, OT, and LJ Grobler. 2010. 'The dark side of occupants' behaviour on building energy use', Energy and buildings, 42: 173-77.
  25. Schlueter, Arno, and Frank Thesseling. 2009. 'Building information model based energy/exergy performance assessment in early design stages', Automation in Construction, 18: 153-63.
  26. Seppanen, Olli, William J Fisk, and David Faulkner. 2004. 'Control of temperature for health and productivity in offices', Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
  27. Soebarto, VI, and TJ Williamson. 2001. 'Multi-criteria assessment of building performance: theory and implementation', Building and environment, 36: 681- 90.
  28. Tang, Ming, Jonathon Anderson, Ajla Aksamija, and Michael Hodge. 2012. 'Performative Computationaided Design Optimization', Enquiry: A Journal for Architectural Research, 9.
  29. Veitch, JA, and AD Galasiu. 2012. 'The physiological and psychological effects of windows, daylight, and view at home: review and research agenda'.
  30. Wyon, DP. 2004. 'The effects of indoor air quality on performance and productivity', Indoor air, 14: 92-101.
  31. Yu, Zhun, Benjamin CM Fung, Fariborz Haghighat, Hiroshi Yoshino, and Edward Morofsky. 2011. 'A systematic procedure to study the influence of occupant behavior on building energy consumption', Energy and Buildings, 43: 1409-17.
  32. Zografakis, Nikolaos, Angeliki N Menegaki, and Konstantinos P Tsagarakis. 2008. 'Effective education for energy efficiency', Energy Policy, 36: 3226-32.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Lazarova-Molnar S., Baun Kjærgaard M., Reza Shaker H. and Nørregaard Jørgensen B. (2015). Commercial Buildings Energy Performance within Context - Occupants in Spotlight . In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS, ISBN 978-989-758-105-2, pages 306-312. DOI: 10.5220/0005495203060312


in Bibtex Style

@conference{smartgreens15,
author={Sanja Lazarova-Molnar and Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard and Hamid Reza Shaker and Bo Nørregaard Jørgensen},
title={Commercial Buildings Energy Performance within Context - Occupants in Spotlight},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,},
year={2015},
pages={306-312},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005495203060312},
isbn={978-989-758-105-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart Cities and Green ICT Systems - Volume 1: SMARTGREENS,
TI - Commercial Buildings Energy Performance within Context - Occupants in Spotlight
SN - 978-989-758-105-2
AU - Lazarova-Molnar S.
AU - Baun Kjærgaard M.
AU - Reza Shaker H.
AU - Nørregaard Jørgensen B.
PY - 2015
SP - 306
EP - 312
DO - 10.5220/0005495203060312