The Whole Is More than the Sum of Its Parts - On Culture in Education and Educational Culture

Thomas Richter, Heimo H. Adelsberger

Abstract

The Learning Culture Survey investigates learners’ expectations towards and perceptions of education on international level with the aim to make culture in the context of education better understandable and support educators to prevent and solve intercultural conflicts in education. So far, we found that culture-related expectations differ between educational settings, depend on the age of the learners, and that a nationally homogenous educational culture is rather an exception than the rule. The results of our recently completed longitudinal study provided evidence that educational culture on the institutional level actually is persistent, at least over a term of four years. After a brief introduction of the general background, we will subsume the steps taken during the past seven years and achieved general insights regarding educational culture. Last, we will introduce a method for the determination of conflict potential, which bases on the understanding of culture as the level to which people within a society accept deviations from the usual. We close with demonstrating the method’s functionality on examples from the Learning Culture Survey.

References

  1. Baur, N., 2008. Das Ordinalskalenproblem. In N. Baur and S. Fromm (Eds.), Datenanalyse mit SPSS für Fortgeschrittene. 2nd Ed., Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, 279- 289.
  2. Bowman, R.F., 2007. How can students be motivated: A misplaced question? Clearing House, 81(2), 81-86.
  3. Buehler, E., Alayed. F., Komlodi, A., and Epstein, S., 2012. „It Is Magic“: A global perspective on what technology means to youth. In: Proceedings of the CATaC'12 conference, 100-104.
  4. Chen, Q., 2010. Use of Open Educational Resources: Challenges and Strategies. Hybrid Learning, 339-351.
  5. Douglas, I., and Liu, Z., 2011. Global Usability. London: Springer.
  6. Garland, R., 1991. The Mid-Point on a Likert-Scale: Is it Desirable? Marketing Bulletin, 2/1991, Research Note 3, 66-70.
  7. Haberman, M., 1995. Star teachers of children in poverty. Kappa Delta Pi, West Lafayette.
  8. Hatakka, M., 2009. Build it and they will come? Inhibiting factors for reuse of open content in developing countries. The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, 37, 1-16.
  9. Hoffmann, S., 2010. Schulabbrecher in Deutschland - Eine bildungsstatistische Analyse mit aggregierten und Individualdaten. Diskussionspapiere, No. 71, Erlangen-Nürnberg: Friedrich-Alexander Universität.
  10. Hofstede, G., 1980. Culture's Consequences - International Differences in Work Related Values. London: Newbury Park (herein used the 2nd edition from 2001, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).
  11. Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G.J., and Minkov, M., 2010. Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. 3rd Ed., USA: McGraw-Hill Publishers.
  12. Jones, M.L., 2007. Hofstede - Culturally questionable? In: Proceedings of the 2007 Oxford Business and Economics Conference, Oxford: Oxford University. http://www.gcbe.us/2007_OBEC/data/confcd.htm.
  13. Knapp, T.R., 1989. Treating Ordinal Scales as Interval Scales: An Attempt To Solve The Controversy. Nursing Research, 39(2), 121-123.
  14. Köppel, P., 2002. Kulturerfassungsansätze und ihre Integration in interkulturelle Trainings. Trierer Beiträge zur gegenwartsbezogenen Ethnologie. Trier: Fokus Kultur.
  15. Kromrey, H., 2006. Empirische Sozialforschung. 11th Ed., Stuttgart: Lucius and Lucius.
  16. Leidner, D., and Kayworth, T., 2006. A Review of Culture in Information Systems Research: Toward a Theory of Information Technology Culture Conflict. Management Information Systems Quarterly, 30(2), 357-399.
  17. Mitra, S., Dangwal, R., Chatterjee, S., Jha, S., Bisht, R.S., and Kapur, P., 2005. Acquisition of computing literacy on shared public computers: Children and the “hole in the wall”. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, Nr. 21, 407-426.
  18. Müller, H.-P., Kock Marti, C., Seiler Schiedt, E., and Arpagaus, B. (2000). Atlas vorkolonialer Gesellschaften. Reimer, Berlin, Germany.
  19. Nilsen, H., 2006. Action research in progress: Student satisfaction, motivation and drop out among bachelor students in IT and information systems program at Agder University College, Nokobit. Tapir Akademisk Forlag, Nokobit.
  20. Oetting, E.R. 1993. Orthogonal Cultural Identification: Theoretical Links Between Cultural Identification and Substance Use. In M. R. de la Rosa, and J.-L. R. Andrados, (Eds.), Drug Abuse Among Minority Youth: Methodological Issues and Recent Research Advances, Rockville, MD: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), 32-56.
  21. Pirkkalainen, H., Jokinen, J., Pawlowski, J.M., and Richter, T., 2014. Overcoming the cultural distance in social OER environments. In: Proceedings of the CSEDU 2014, SCITEPRESS, Portugal, 15-24.
  22. Pless, N.M. and Maak, T., 2004. Building an Inclusive Diversity Culture: Principles, Processes and Practice. Journal of Business Ethics, 54(2), 129-147.
  23. Porst, R., 2008. Fragebogen: Ein Arbeitsbuch: Studienskripten zur Soziologie. 1st Ed., VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden: GWV Fachverlage.
  24. Richter, T., 2011. Adaptability as a Special Demand on Open Educational Resources: The Cultural Context of e-Learning. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning (EURODL), 2/2011.
  25. Richter, T. and Adelsberger, H.H., 2011. E-Learning: Education for Everyone? Special Requirements on Learners in Internet-based Learning Environments. In: Proceedings of the EdMedia 2011, Chesapeake, VA: AACE, 1598-1604.
  26. Richter, T. and Adelsberger, H.H., 2012. On the myth of a general national culture: Making specific cultural characteristics of learners in different educational contexts in Germany visible. In: Proceedings of the CATaC'12 conference, 105-120.
  27. Richter, T., 2014. The Learning Culture Survey: An international research project on cultural learning attitudes. English language questionnaire version for recognition. Due-Publico, Essen. Accessible at DOI: 10.13140/2.1.2877.5206.
  28. Richter, T. and Adelsberger, H.H. 2014. Cultural Country Profiles and their Applicability for Conflict Prevention and Intervention in Higher Education. In: Stracke, C.M., Ehlers, U.-D., Creelman, A., and ShamarinaHeidenreich, T. (Eds.), Proceedings of the European Conference LINQ and EIF 2014, Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH, Berlin, 58-66.
  29. Rothkrantz, L., Dactu, D., Chriacescu, I., and Chitu, A.G., 2009. Assessment of the emotional states of students during e-Learning. In: Proceedings of the Int. Conference on e-Learning and Knowledge Society, 77-82.
  30. Sandanayake, T.C. and Madurapperuma, A.P., 2011. Novel Approach for Online Learning Through Affect Recognition. In: Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Distance Learning and Education, Singapore: IACSIT Press, 72-77.
  31. Schenker, O., 2001. Cultural Distance Revisited: Towards a Rigorous Conceptualization and Measurement of Cultural Differences. Journal of International Business Studies, 32(3), 519-535.
  32. Smith, P.B., 2006. When elephants fight, the grass gets trampled: the GLOBE and Hofstede projects. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 915-921.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Richter T. and H. Adelsberger H. (2015). The Whole Is More than the Sum of Its Parts - On Culture in Education and Educational Culture . In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-758-108-3, pages 372-382. DOI: 10.5220/0005498103720382


in Bibtex Style

@conference{csedu15,
author={Thomas Richter and Heimo H. Adelsberger},
title={The Whole Is More than the Sum of Its Parts - On Culture in Education and Educational Culture},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,},
year={2015},
pages={372-382},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005498103720382},
isbn={978-989-758-108-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 2: CSEDU,
TI - The Whole Is More than the Sum of Its Parts - On Culture in Education and Educational Culture
SN - 978-989-758-108-3
AU - Richter T.
AU - H. Adelsberger H.
PY - 2015
SP - 372
EP - 382
DO - 10.5220/0005498103720382