Enhancing Intuitive and Coordinated Decision-Making in Soccer - From Research to the Field within the 4P Strategy

Gilles Kermarrec, Loic Plassart


Since few years decision-making in team sports has been studied through a Naturalistic Decision-Making (NDM) approach and advances from research on team sports performance led to pedagogical principles and to tactical skills training strategies. Considering the need for coordinated and intuitive decision-making, implications from NDM framework are discussed according to literature on tactical skills training in team sports. For some years Small-Sided Games seems to be approved by a large majority of coach and researchers. Nevertheless, while the Teaching-Games-For-Understanding’s (TGFU) pedagogical model focused on explicit learning, the Led-Constraints approach led to implicit learning. A significant proposition from our program of work is that there is a need for a wide range of decision-making processes in team sports, so that a tactical skills training strategy should be based on a blend of implicit and explicit learning. In this perspective, the 4P strategy (i.e., Positioning; Practicing; Picturing; Post-analysing) is a four-step-strategy designed by scientists and coaches in soccer. An empirical study has been conducted within technological artefacts embedded into the 4P strategy. Results showed that youth players benefited from technological aids because they highlight relevant configurations of play and help to share “pictures” during small-sided games. This exploratory study suggested that the whole 4P strategy was well suited for intuitive and coordinated decision-making enhancement.


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Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Kermarrec G. and Plassart L. (2015). Enhancing Intuitive and Coordinated Decision-Making in Soccer - From Research to the Field within the 4P Strategy . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: PerSoccer, (icSPORTS 2015) ISBN 978-989-758-159-5, pages 325-333. DOI: 10.5220/0005658303250333

in Bibtex Style

author={Gilles Kermarrec and Loic Plassart},
title={Enhancing Intuitive and Coordinated Decision-Making in Soccer - From Research to the Field within the 4P Strategy},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: PerSoccer, (icSPORTS 2015)},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: PerSoccer, (icSPORTS 2015)
TI - Enhancing Intuitive and Coordinated Decision-Making in Soccer - From Research to the Field within the 4P Strategy
SN - 978-989-758-159-5
AU - Kermarrec G.
AU - Plassart L.
PY - 2015
SP - 325
EP - 333
DO - 10.5220/0005658303250333