Analysis of Thermal Comfort for Cycling Sport: A Case Study for Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games

Alessandro Pezzoli, Roberto Bellasio

Abstract

As well known the meteorological and the environmental parameters (as wind, air temperature, rain, humidity, altitude, location, etc…) affect strongly the sport performance. Considering the recent literature on this topic, it is evident how the evaluation of the thermal comfort in the athletes is a crucial subject that has to be studied. In fact the thermal comfort of the athletes is not only linked with the sport performance but also with the safety of the athletes themselves. For these reasons in this research it is presented an innovative methodology to evaluate the thermal comfort of cycling athletes at the next Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games. This analysis is carried out for the Rio de Janeiro area considering the two venues for the cycling sport and for the two disciplines (Time Trial and Road Race). The meteorological data of two stations representative of the racing areas have been collected for a period of 20 years. They have been analyzed to produce the wind roses and to calculate two thermal indices: Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) and Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET). The results of this research show the importance of the climatological analysis for optimizing the training and nutrition plans of the athletes.

References

  1. Blazejczyk, K., Epstein, Y., Jendritzky, G., Staiger, H., Tinz, B., 2012. Comparison of UTCI to selected thermal indices. Int. J. Biometeorol., 56:515-535.
  2. Brandenburg, C., Matzarakis, A., Arnberger, A., 2007. Weather and cycling - a first approach to the effects of weather conditions on cycling. Meteorological Applications, 14:61-67.
  3. Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Millet, G.P., 2015. Emerging environmental and weather challenges in outdoor sports. In Climate - Special Issue “Climate Impacts on Health”, Pezzoli, A., Editor. MDPI: Basel, Switzerland, 3:492-521.
  4. Brocherie, F., Girard, O., Pezzoli, A., Millet, G.P., 2014. Outdoor exercise performance in ambient heat: time to overcome challenging factors? Int. J. Hyperthermia, 30(8):547-549.
  5. Brocherie, F., Millet, G.P., 2015. Is the Wet-Bulbe Globe Temperature (WBGT) Index relevant for exercise in the heat? Sports Med., DOI 10.1007/s40279-015- 0386-8.
  6. Brode, P., Fiala, D., Blazejczyk, K., Holmer, I., Jendritzky, G., Kampmann, B., Tinz, B., Havenith, G., 2012. Deriving the operational procedure for the Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI). Int. J. Biometeorol., 56:481-494.
  7. Enviroware, 2015. Available online: http://www.enviro ware.com/portfolio/windrose-pro3/ (accessed on 13 September 2015).
  8. Lucia, A., Joyos, H., Chicarro, J.L., 2000. Physiological response to professional road cycling: climber vs. time trialist. Int. J. Sports Med., 21-7:505-512.
  9. Jendritsky, G., Maarouf, G., Fiala, D., Staiger, H., 2002. An up-date on the development of a universal thermal climate index. In Proceedings of the 15th Conference on Biometeorology/Aerobiology and 16th International Congress of Biometeorology, Kansas City, MO, USA, 27 October - 1 November 2002.
  10. Matzarakis, A., Mayer, H., Iziomon, M.G., 1999. Application of a universal thermal index: physiological equivalent temperature. Int J. Biometeorol., 43:76-84.
  11. Matzarakis, A., Rutz, F., Mayer, H., 2007. Modelling Radiation fluxes in simple and complex environments - Application of the RayMan model. Int J Biometeorol., 51:323-334.
  12. Matzarakis, A., Rutz, F., Mayer, H., 2010. Modelling Radiation fluxes in simple and complex environments: basics of the RayMan model. Int J Biometeorol., 54:131-139.
  13. Pezzoli, A., Baldacci, A., Cama, A., Faina, M., Dalla Vedova, D., Besi, M., Vercelli, G., Boscolo, A., Moncalero, M., Cristofori, E., Dalessandro,, M., 2013. Wind-wave interactions in enclosed basins: The impact on the sport of rowing. In Sport Physics, Clanet, C., Editor. Ecole Polytechnique de Paris: Paris, France, 139-151.
  14. Pezzoli, A., Bellasio, R., 2014. Analysis of Wind Data for Sports Performance Design: A Case Study for Sailing Sports. Sports. 2(4):99-130.
  15. Pezzoli, A., Cristofori, E., Gozzini, B., Marchisio, M., Padoan J., 2012. Analysis of the thermal comfort in cycling athletes. Procedia Engineering, 34:433-438.
  16. Pezzoli, A., Cristofori, E., Moncalero, M., Giacometto, F., Boscolo, A., Bellasio, R., Padoan, J., 2015. Effect of the environment on the sport performance: computer supported training - A case study for the cycling sports. In Sport Science Research and Technology Support, Cabri, J., Pezarat Correia, P., Barreiros, J., Editors. Springer: London, UK, 1-16.
  17. Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games Organizing Committee. Available on-line: http://www.rio2016.com/mapa-deinstalacoes (accessed on 20 September 2015).
  18. UCI, 2015. Available on-line: http://www.uci.ch/ road/ucievents/2016-road-olympic-games/196852016/ (accessed on 19 September 2015).
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Pezzoli A. and Bellasio R. (2015). Analysis of Thermal Comfort for Cycling Sport: A Case Study for Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games . In Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: WPPDSports, (icSPORTS 2015) ISBN 978-989-758-159-5, pages 281-289. DOI: 10.5220/0005711202810289


in Bibtex Style

@conference{wppdsports15,
author={Alessandro Pezzoli and Roberto Bellasio},
title={Analysis of Thermal Comfort for Cycling Sport: A Case Study for Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: WPPDSports, (icSPORTS 2015)},
year={2015},
pages={281-289},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0005711202810289},
isbn={978-989-758-159-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: WPPDSports, (icSPORTS 2015)
TI - Analysis of Thermal Comfort for Cycling Sport: A Case Study for Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games
SN - 978-989-758-159-5
AU - Pezzoli A.
AU - Bellasio R.
PY - 2015
SP - 281
EP - 289
DO - 10.5220/0005711202810289