Enterprise Architecture beyond the Enterprise - Extended Enterprise Architecture Revisited

Torben Tambo

Abstract

As the most enterprises are relying on relations to other enterprises, it is relevant to consider enterprise architecture for inter-organisational relations particularly those relations involving technology. This has been conceptualised as Extended Enterprise Architecture, and a systematic review of this discipline is the topic of this paper. This paper is taking a point of departure in general theories of business-to-business relationships along with inter-organisational information systems, interoperability and business ecosystems. The general theories are applied to the Extended Enterprise Architecture to emphasize paradoxes, problems and potentials in extending EA across organisational boundaries. The purpose of this paper is to review the concept of Extended Enterprise Architecture (EEA) theoretically and empirically to identify viability of Enterprise Architecture (EA) initiatives spanning across organisational boundaries. A case is presented of an enterprise engaging in technology-based business process integration that in turn is explicated as enterprise architecture initiatives with both more and less powerful partners. This paper underlines the necessity to be able to have EA spanning initiatives across multiple enterprises, but a range of problems is illuminated related to (lack of) precision, imbalance, heterogeneity, transformation, temporality, and (operational) maturity. The concept of EEA is seemingly vague, however this paper calls for a strengthen emphasis on redefining general architectural frameworks to embrace EEA in order to handle typical and modern forms of organisational designs relying on virtual and cross-company as cornerstones.

References

  1. Bengtsson, M. and Kock, S. (1999). Cooperation and competition in relationships between competitors in business networks, Journal of business & industrial marketing, 14(3), pp. 178-194.
  2. Bernard, S.A. (2012). An introduction to enterprise architecture. Bloomington: AuthorHouse.
  3. Boardman, J. T. and Clegg, B. T. (2001). Structured engagement in the extended enterprise. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(5/6), pp. 795-811.
  4. Brandt, C. J. (2014). Toward a Process View in Adoption of Interorganizational Information Systems. In Scandinavian Conference in Information Systems (SCIS 5/IRIS 37).
  5. Buhman, C., Kekre, S. and Singhal, J. (2005). Interdisciplinary and interorganizational research: Establishing the science of enterprise networks, Production and Operations Management, 14(4), pp. 493-513.
  6. Chang, H., Wang, H. W. and Wei Kao, T. (2010). The determinants of long-term relationship on interorganizational systems performance, Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 25(2), 106-118.
  7. Chalmeta, R. and Grangel, R. (2003). ARDIN extension for virtual enterprise integration. Journal of Systems and Software, 67(3), pp. 141-152.
  8. Chen, W., & Hirschheim, R. (2004). A paradigmatic and methodological examination of information systems research from 1991 to 2001. Information systems journal, 14(3), 197-235.
  9. Chiprianov, V., Kermarrec, Y., Rouvrais, S. and Simonin, J. (2014). Extending enterprise architecture modeling languages for domain specificity and collaboration: application to telecommunication service design, Software & Systems Modeling, 13(3), pp. 963- 974.
  10. Choi, Y., Kang, D., Chae, H. and Kim, K. (2008). An enterprise architecture framework for collaboration of virtual enterprise chains. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 35(11-12), pp. 1065-1078.
  11. Daclin, N., Chen, D. and Vallespir, B. (2014) Developing enterprise collaboration: a methodology to implement and improve interoperability, Enterprise Information Systems, 10(5), pp. 1-38.
  12. Davis, K., Mazzuchi, T. and Sarkani, S. (2013). Architecting technology transitions: A sustainability oriented sociotechnical approach. Systems Engineering, 16(2), pp. 193-212.
  13. Drews, P. and Schirmer, I. (2014). From Enterprise Architecture to Business Ecosystem Architecture: Stages and Challenges for Extending Architectures beyond Organizational Boundaries. In Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops and Demonstrations (EDOCW), 2014 IEEE 18th International (pp. 13-22). IEEE.
  14. Elmir, A., Elmir, B. and Bounabat, B. (2015). Inter organizational System Management for integrated service delivery: an Enterprise Architecture Perspective. arXiv preprint arXiv:1505.02508.
  15. Engelsman, W., Quartel, D., Jonkers, H. and van Sinderen, M. (2011) Extending enterprise architecture modelling with business goals and requirements, Enterprise Information Systems, 5(1), pp. 9-36.
  16. Erol, O., Sauser, B. J. and Mansouri, M. (2010). A framework for investigation into extended enterprise resilience, Enterprise Information Systems, 4(2), pp. 111-136.
  17. Goethals, F., Vandenbulcke, J., Lemahieu, W., Snoeck, M., De Backer, M. and Haesen, R. (2004). Communication and Enterprise Architecture. in Extended Enterprise Integration, Proceedings of the ICEIS Conference, 2004.
  18. Håkansson, H. and Snehota, I. (2006). No business is an island: The network concept of business strategy, Scandinavian Journal of Management, 22(3), pp. 256-270.
  19. Gadde, L.-E. and Mattson, L.-G. (1987). Stability and change in network relationships, International Journal of Research in Marketing, 4, pp. 29-41.
  20. Gunasekaran, A. and Ngai, E.W.T. (2004). Information systems in supply chain integration and management, European Journal of Operational Research, 159, pp. 269-295.
  21. Halldorsson, A., Kotzab, H., Mikkola, J. H. and SkjøttLarsen, T. (2007). Complementary theories to supply chain management, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 12(4), pp. 284-296.
  22. Harrison, D. (2004). Is a Long-term Business Relationship on Implied Contract? Two Views of Relationship Disengagement, Journal of Management Studies, 41(1), pp.107-125.
  23. Lapalme, J., Gerber, A., van der Merwe, J., Zachman, J., de Vries, M. and Hinkelmann, M.K. (2016) Exploring the future of enterprise architecture: A Zachman perspective, Computers in Industry, 79, pp. 103-113.
  24. Lee, M. (2013). Enterprise architecture: beyond business and IT alignment. In Digital Enterprise Design and Management 2013, pp. 57-66. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  25. Norta, A., Grefen, P. and Narendra, N. C. (2014). A reference architecture for managing dynamic interorganizational business processes, Data & Knowledge Engineering, 91, pp. 52-89.
  26. Pankowska, M. (2013). Enterprise Architecture Modelling for Corporate Sustainability. In Building Sustainable Information Systems, pp. 365-376). Springer US.
  27. Schuck, T. M. (2010). An extended enterprise architecture for a network enabled, effects based approach for national park protection, Systems Engineering, 13(3), 209-216.
  28. Schekkerman, J. (2004b). Extended Enterprise Architecture Framework (E2AF). Essentials Guide. IFEAD.
  29. Schekkerman, J. (2005). Another view at extended enterprise architecture viewpoints. Retrieved March, 14, 2005.
  30. Sunkle, S., Kholkar, D., Rathod, H., & Kulkarni, V. (2014). Incorporating directives into enterprise TO-BE architecture. In Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conference Workshops and Demonstrations (EDOCW), 2014 IEEE 18th International (pp. 57-66). IEEE.
  31. Turnbull, P., Ford, D. and Cunningham, M. (1996) Interaction, relationships and networks in business markets: an evolving perspective, Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 11(3/4), pp. 44-62.
  32. Vargas, A., Boza, A., & Cuenca, L. (2011). Towards interoperability through Inter-enterprise collaboration architectures. In On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2011 Workshops (pp. 102-111). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  33. Walsham, G. (1995). Interpretive case studies in IS research: nature and method. European Journal of information systems, 4(2), 74-81.
  34. Winans, T. B. (1998). Object technology in the extended enterprise. In Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Workshop, 1998. EDOC'98. Proceedings. Second International (pp. 378-389). IEEE.
  35. Wynstra, F., Spring, M., & Schoenherr, T. (2015). Service triads: a research agenda for buyer-supplier-customer triads in business services. Journal of Operations Management, 35, 1-20.
Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Tambo T. (2017). Enterprise Architecture beyond the Enterprise - Extended Enterprise Architecture Revisited . In Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 3: ICEIS, ISBN 978-989-758-249-3, pages 381-390. DOI: 10.5220/0006277103810390


in Bibtex Style

@conference{iceis17,
author={Torben Tambo},
title={Enterprise Architecture beyond the Enterprise - Extended Enterprise Architecture Revisited},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 3: ICEIS,},
year={2017},
pages={381-390},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006277103810390},
isbn={978-989-758-249-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems - Volume 3: ICEIS,
TI - Enterprise Architecture beyond the Enterprise - Extended Enterprise Architecture Revisited
SN - 978-989-758-249-3
AU - Tambo T.
PY - 2017
SP - 381
EP - 390
DO - 10.5220/0006277103810390