Peer Tutoring Orchestration - Streamlined Technology-driven Orchestration for Peer Tutoring

Lighton Phiri, Christoph Meinel, Hussein Suleman


Peer tutoring models that involve senior students teaching junior students is a well established practice in most large universities. While there are a range of teaching activities performed by tutors, these are often done in an ad hoc manner. We propose to leverage organised orchestration in order to make peer tutoring more effective. A prototype tutoring platform, aimed at facilitating face-to-face tutoring sessions, was implemented in order to facilitate orchestration of activities in peer tutoring sessions. The tool was evaluated by 24 tutors for first year Computer Science courses at a large university. The NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) and Perceived Usefulness and Ease of Use (PUEU) instruments were used to measure the orchestration load and usability of the tool, respectively. The overall workload falls within acceptable limits. This initial result confirms the feasibility of the early stage tools to implement organised orchestration for peer tutoring.


  1. Beasley, C. J. (1997). Students as teachers: The benefits of peer tutoring. In Pospisil, R. and Willcoxson, L., editors, Proceedings of the 6th Annual Teaching Learning Forum, pages 21-30, Perth. Murdoch University.
  2. Bowman-Perrott, L., Davis, H., Vannest, K., Williams, L., Greenwood, C., and Parker, R. (2013). Academic benefits of peer tutoring: A meta-analytic review of single-case research. School Psychology Review, 42(1):39-55.
  3. Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3):319.
  4. Dillenbourg, P. (2013). Design for classroom orchestration. Computers & Education, 69:485-492.
  5. Evans, M. J. and Moore, J. S. (2013). Peer tutoring with the aid of the internet. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(1):144-155.
  6. Falchikov, N. (2001). Learning Together: Peer Tutoring in Higher Education. RoutledgeFalmer, London, 1st edition.
  7. Fielding, R. T. (2000). Architectural Styles and the Design of Network-based Software Architectures. PhD thesis, University of California, Irvine. fielding/pubs/dissertation/top.htm. Accessed: November 15, 2016.
  8. Greenwood, C. R., Arreaga-Mayer, C., Utley, C. A., Gavin, K. M., and Terry, B. J. (2001). Classwide peer tutoring learning management system applications with elementary-level english language learners. Remedial and Special Education, 22(1):34-47.
  9. Hart, S. G. and Staveland, L. E. (1988). Development of NASA-TLX (Task Load Index): Results of empirical and theoretical research. Advances in psychology, 52:139-183.
  10. IMS Global Learning Consortium (2003). IMS Simple Sequencing Specification. Accessed: November 15, 2016.
  11. Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., and Stanne, M. B. (2000). Cooperative Learning Methods: A Meta-Analysis Methods Of Cooperative Learning: What Can We Prove Works. Methods Of Cooperative Learning: What Can We Prove Works, pages 1-30.
  12. Kulkarni, C. E., Bernstein, M. S., and Klemmer, S. R. (2015). Peerstudio: Rapid peer feedback emphasizes revision and improves performance. In Proceedings of the Second (2015) ACM Conference on Learning @ Scale, L@S 7815, pages 75-84, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
  13. Mu n˜oz-Crist óbal, J. A., Prieto, L. P., Asensio-Pérez, J. I., Jorrín-Abell án, I. M., Martínez-Mon és, A., and Dimitriadis, Y. (2013). GLUEPS-AR: A System for the Orchestration of Learning Situations across Spaces Using Augmented Reality. In Hernández-Leo, D., Ley, T., Klamma, R., and Harrer, A., editors, Proceedings of the 8th European Conference, on Technology Enhanced Learning, pages 565-568. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  14. Niramitranon, J., Sharples, M., Greenhalgh, C., and Lin, C.-P. (2007). SceDer and COML: Toolsets for learning design and facilitation in one-to-one technology classroom. 15th International Conference on Computers in Education: Supporting Learning Flow through Integrative Technologies, ICCE 2007, pages 385-391.
  15. Phiri, L., Meinel, C., and Suleman, H. (2016a). Ad hoc vs. Organised Orchestration: A Comparative Analysis of Technology-driven Orchestration Approaches. In Kumar, V., Murthy, S., and Kinshuk, editors, IEEE 8th International Conference on Technology for Education, pages 200-203, Mumbai. IEEE.
  16. Phiri, L., Meinel, C., and Suleman, H. (2016b). Streamlined Orchestration: An Orchestration Workbench Framework for Effective Teaching. Computers & Education, 95:231-238.
  17. Prieto, L. P., Asensio-Pérez, J. I., Mun˜oz-Crist óbal, J. a., Jorrín-Abell án, I. M., Dimitriadis, Y., and GómezSánchez, E. (2014). Supporting orchestration of CSCL scenarios in web-based Distributed Learning Environments. Computers and Education, 73:9-25.
  18. Roschelle, J., Dimitriadis, Y., and Hoppe, U. (2013). Classroom orchestration: Synthesis. Computers & Education, 69:523-526.
  19. Topping, K. J. (1996). The effectiveness of peer tutoring in further and higher education: A typology and review of the literature. Higher Education, 32(3):321-345.
  20. Topping, K. J. (2005). Trends in peer learning. Educational psychology, 25(6):631-645.
  21. Tsuei, M. (2009). The g-math peer-tutoring system for supporting effectively remedial instruction for elementary students. In 2009 Ninth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, pages 614-618. IEEE.

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Phiri L., Meinel C. and Suleman H. (2017). Peer Tutoring Orchestration - Streamlined Technology-driven Orchestration for Peer Tutoring . In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-758-239-4, pages 434-441. DOI: 10.5220/0006339104340441

in Bibtex Style

author={Lighton Phiri and Christoph Meinel and Hussein Suleman},
title={Peer Tutoring Orchestration - Streamlined Technology-driven Orchestration for Peer Tutoring},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,
TI - Peer Tutoring Orchestration - Streamlined Technology-driven Orchestration for Peer Tutoring
SN - 978-989-758-239-4
AU - Phiri L.
AU - Meinel C.
AU - Suleman H.
PY - 2017
SP - 434
EP - 441
DO - 10.5220/0006339104340441