# Forecasting Public Transportation Capacity Utilisation Considering External Factors

### Fabian Ohler, Karl-Heinz Krempels, Sandra Möbus

#### Abstract

Using a forecast of the public transportation capacity utilisation, the buses can be adapted to the demand to avoid overfull buses leading to delays. An efficient utilisation of the buses at disposal can improve customer satisfaction as well as economic efficiency. The basis for our forecasts provide fragmentary measurements of passengers boarding and alighting buses at stops over the year 2015. In an attempt to improve the accuracy of the forecast, several external factors (e. g. weather, holidays, cultural events) were incorporated. We tackle the problem of forecasting public transportation capacity utilisation by forecasting the number of boarding and alighting passengers. Then we use these to adjust previous passenger count and the result as input for next forecast. Using multiple linear regression, support vector regression, and neural networks we evaluate different ways to model the external factors. Best results were achieved by neural networks with a median absolute error of ≈4.16 in the forecast passenger count. They were able to keep more than 80% of the forecasts within a tolerance of 10 passengers. Since the error in the forecasts does not accumulate along the trips, chaining the forecasts in the described way is a viable approach.

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#### Paper Citation

#### in Harvard Style

Ohler F., Krempels K. and Möbus S. (2017). **Forecasting Public Transportation Capacity Utilisation Considering External Factors** . In *Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,* ISBN 978-989-758-242-4, pages 300-311. DOI: 10.5220/0006345703000311

#### in Bibtex Style

@conference{vehits17,

author={Fabian Ohler and Karl-Heinz Krempels and Sandra Möbus},

title={Forecasting Public Transportation Capacity Utilisation Considering External Factors},

booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,},

year={2017},

pages={300-311},

publisher={SciTePress},

organization={INSTICC},

doi={10.5220/0006345703000311},

isbn={978-989-758-242-4},

}

#### in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems - Volume 1: VEHITS,

TI - Forecasting Public Transportation Capacity Utilisation Considering External Factors

SN - 978-989-758-242-4

AU - Ohler F.

AU - Krempels K.

AU - Möbus S.

PY - 2017

SP - 300

EP - 311

DO - 10.5220/0006345703000311