Conquering the Mobile Device Jungle: Towards a Taxonomy for App-enabled Devices

Christoph Rieger, Tim A. Majchrzak


Applications for mobile devices (apps) have created an ecosystem that facilitated a trend towards task-oriented, interoperable software. Following smartphones and tablets, many further kinds of devices became (and still become) app-enabled. Examples for this trend are smart TVs and cars. Additionally, new types of devices have appeared, such as Wearables. App-enabled devices typically share some characteristics, and many ways exist to develop for them. So far for smartphones and tablets alone, issues such as device fragmentation are discussed and technology for cross-platform development is scrutinized. Increasingly, app-enabled devices appear to be a jungle: It becomes harder to keep the overview, to distinguish and categorize devices, and to investigate similarities and differences. We, thus, set out with this position paper to close this gap. In our view, a taxonomy for app-enabled devices is required. This paper presents the first steps towards this taxonomy and thereby invites for discussion.


  1. Apple Inc. (2007). Apple reinvents the phone with iPhone. Retrieved 11.01.2017, from
  2. Apple Inc. (2008). iPhone app store downloads top 10 million in first weekend. Retrieved 11.01.2017, from
  3. http://
  4. App-Store-Downloads-Top-10-Million-in-First-
  5. Apple Inc. (2016). watchOS. Retrieved 12.01.2017, from
  6. Busold, C., Heuser, S., Rios, J., Sadeghi, A. R., and Asokan, N. (2015). Smart and secure cross-device apps for the internet of advanced things. LNCS, 8975:272-290. doi: 10.1007/978-3-662-47854-7 17
  7. Chauhan, J., Mahanti, A., and Kaafar, M. A. (2014). Towards the era of wearable computing? In Pro. 2014 CoNEXT on Student Workshop, CoNEXT Student Workshop 7814, pages 24-25. ACM. doi: 10.1145/2680821.2680833
  8. Chauhan, J., Seneviratne, S., Kaafar, M. A., Mahanti, A., and Seneviratne, A. (2016). Characterization of early smartwatch apps. 2016 IEEE Int. Conf. on PerCom Workshops 2016. doi: 10.1109/PERCOMW.2016.7457170
  9. Chuah, S. H.-W., Rauschnabel, P. A., Krey, N., Nguyen, B., Ramayah, T., and Lade, S. (2016). Wearable technologies: The role of usefulness and visibility in smartwatch adoption. Computers in Human Behavior, 65:276-284. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.07.047
  10. Coppola, R. and Morisio, M. (2016). Connected car: Technologies, issues, future trends. ACM Comput. Surv., 49(3):46:1. doi: 10.1145/2971482
  11. Daft, R. L., Lengel, R. H., and Trevino, L. K. (1987). Message equivocality, media selection, and manager performance: Implications for information systems. MIS quarterly, 11(3):355. doi: 10.2307/248682
  12. Dageförde, J. C., Reischmann, T., Majchrzak, T. A., and Ernsting, J. (2016). Generating app product lines in a model-driven cross-platform development approach. In 49th HICSS, pages 5803-5812. doi: 10.1109/HICSS.2016.718
  13. Dalmasso, I., Datta, S. K., Bonnet, C., and Nikaein, N. (2013). Survey, comparison and evaluation of cross platform mobile application development tools. In Proc. 9th IWCMC. doi: 10.1109/IWCMC.2013.6583580
  14. El-Kassas, W. S., Abdullah, B. A., Yousef, A. H., and Wahba, A. M. (2015). Taxonomy of cross-platform mobile applications development approaches. Ain Shams Engineering Journal.
  15. Google Inc. (2016). Android wear. Retrieved 12.01.2017, from
  16. Heitkötter, H., Hanschke, S., and Majchrzak, T. A. (2013). Evaluating Cross-Platform Development Approaches for Mobile Applications. In Cordeiro, J. and Krempels, K., editors, Revised Selected Papers WEBIST 2012, volume 140 of Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing (LNBIP), pages 120-138. Springer.
  17. Heitkötter, H., Majchrzak, T. A., and Kuchen, H. (2013). Cross-platform model-driven development of mobile applications with MD2. In Shin, S. Y. and Maldonado, J. C., editors, Proc. 28th ACM SAC, SAC 7813, pages 526-533. ACM. doi: 10.1145/2480362.2480464
  18. Humayoun, S. R., Ehrhart, S., and Ebert, A. (2013). Developing mobile apps using cross-platform frameworks: A case study. In Kurosu, M., editor, Proc. 15th Int. Conf. HCI International, Part I, pages 371-380. Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-39232-0 41
  19. Jesdabodi, C. and Maalej, W. (2015). Understanding usage states on mobile devices. In Proc. 2015 ACM Int. Joint Conf. on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, UbiComp 7815, pages 1221-1225. ACM. doi: 10.1145/2750858.2805837
  20. Jones, C. and Jia, X. (2014). The AXIOM model framework: Transforming requirements to native code for crossplatform mobile applications. In Ferreira Pires, L., editor, 2nd Int. Conf. on Model-Driven Engineering and Software Dev. IEEE.
  21. Koren, I. and Klamma, R. (2016). The direwolf inside you: End user development for heterogeneous web of things appliances. In Bozzon, A., Cudre-Maroux, P., and Pautasso, C., editors, Proc. 16th Int, Conf, ICWE 2016, pages 484-491. Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319- 38791-8 35
  22. LG Electronics (2016). WebOS for LG Smart TVs. Retrieved 31.05.2016, from
  23. Rieger, C. and Majchrzak, T. A. (2016). Weighted evaluation framework for cross-platform app development approaches. In Wrycza, S., editor, Proc. 9th SIGSAND/PLAIS EuroSymposium, pages 18-39. Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-46642-2 2
  24. Sommer, A. and Krusche, S. (2013). Evaluation of crossplatform frameworks for mobile applications. Lecture Notes in Informatics, P-215:363-376.
  25. Statista Inc. (2016). Global smartphone shipments forecast from 2010 to 2020. Retrieved 11.01.2017, from
  26. The Linux Foundation. (2016). Tizen. Retrieved 12.01.2017, from

Paper Citation

in Harvard Style

Rieger C. and Majchrzak T. (2017). Conquering the Mobile Device Jungle: Towards a Taxonomy for App-enabled Devices . In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: WEBIST, ISBN 978-989-758-246-2, pages 332-339. DOI: 10.5220/0006353003320339

in Bibtex Style

author={Christoph Rieger and Tim A. Majchrzak},
title={Conquering the Mobile Device Jungle: Towards a Taxonomy for App-enabled Devices},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: WEBIST,},

in EndNote Style

JO - Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies - Volume 1: WEBIST,
TI - Conquering the Mobile Device Jungle: Towards a Taxonomy for App-enabled Devices
SN - 978-989-758-246-2
AU - Rieger C.
AU - Majchrzak T.
PY - 2017
SP - 332
EP - 339
DO - 10.5220/0006353003320339